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Abies concolor  white fir
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Abies concolor

(white fir)

Plant description coming soon.
Abies grandis  grand fir
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Abies grandis

(grand fir)

Grand indeed. Glossy, dark green needles and a symmetrical form make this native fir one of our choicest conifers. Native from coastal Sonoma County, just south of the Russian River, north to British Columbia and east to the Rockies. Grows up to a foot a year and is not suitable for the small garden. Plant in full sun along the coast but protect from hot afternoon sun in the interior. Occasional deep waterings are required when young. Combines well with redwoods and bigleaf maples. Often used as a Christmas tree.
Abies magnifica  red fir
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Abies magnifica

(red fir)

Plant description coming soon.
Acer  circinatum  vine maple
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Acer circinatum

(vine maple)

Deciduous shrub or tree 5 to 20 ft. tall, native to moist woods and streambanks in the coastal mountains of northern California to British Columbia. Attractive in all seasons: bare reddish twigs in winter, delicate lobed leaves in spring and summer, and good color in autumn. Wonderful in the woodland setting, under tall conifers where its fall color will stand out. A natural with ferns and other woodland plants that receive dappled to part shade and regular to moderate summer water. Can be espaliered too.
Acer glabrum  Sierra maple
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Acer glabrum

(Sierra maple)

Plant description coming soon.
Acer macrophyllum  bigleaf maple
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Acer macrophyllum

(bigleaf maple)

This stately and picturesque tree is native to stream banks and moist canyons from Southern Alaska to the foothills of California. A large, round-topped tree with large dark green lobed leaves and smooth silver-gray bark. Fast growing 30 ft or more tall. One of the few native trees to offer good fall color. Sun to partial shade, occasional to regular water. When planting in a sunny location, protect the trunk from sun-scald with a dilute application of white latex paint. Deer resistant.

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Acer negundo

(box elder)

The box elder at maturity features a broad canopy supported by thick branches and a wide, gray trunk. In spring, the silky pink inflorescences hang from the tips of the branches as the leaves begin to emerge. Quickly grows to a height and width of up to 50 ft. Often used as a restoration plant in riparian zones. Full sun to part shade. Enjoys regular moisture. Deer seem to leave it alone once established.
Achillea  'Moonshine' yarrow
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Achillea 'Moonshine'

(yarrow)

Great long blooming yarrow with bright lemon-yellow flowers above mounds of soft silvery leaves. This very attractive foliage makes it a great addition to borders and mixed plantings. Full sun with moderate watering. Deer resistant.

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Achillea filipendulina 'Coronation Gold'

(fernleaf yarrow)

A sturdy perennial forming a mat of large, fern-like leaves spreading to 3 ft. wide. Flat topped, bright golden-yellow flowers up to 4 inches wide appear on long stems 2 - 3 ft. high. Make excellent cut flowers both fresh and dried. This selection is noted for being more compact than the typical species. Plant in full sun with moderate to little summer water. Yarrows are a good nectar source for bees, butterflies and other beneficial insects. Tough and drought tolerant. Deer resistant.
Achillea millefolium 'Calistoga' yarrow
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Achillea millefolium 'Calistoga'

(yarrow)

Featured in California Native Plants for the Garden, this selection of native yarrow is from the rugged Palisades above the Napa Valley. Silver gray foliage is topped with creamy white flowers around 1 ft. tall. Its growth is more restrained than many selections of yarrow. Attractive to pollinators. Best with sun, good drainage, and moderate to little summer water. The foliage is deer resistant.
Achillea millefolium 'Island Pink' yarrow
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Achillea millefolium 'Island Pink'

(yarrow)

A color variant of the normally white California native yarrow from Santa Cruz Island. Dark green ferny foliage topped with clusters of bright pink flowers on 18 inch stems over a long period. Sun to partial shade, occasional to moderate water. Good habitat value, providing nectar for bees and butterflies. The foliage is deer resistant.
Achillea millefolium 'King Range' yarrow
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Achillea millefolium 'King Range'

(yarrow)

The seed for this selection of our native yarrow was from the aptly named Windy Ridge above the scenic mouth of the Mattole River. The parent plants were very stout with foot tall stems and huge inflorescences of creamy white. It has been very vigorous in cultivation so far. Best with sun, good drainage, and moderate summer water. The foliage is deer resistant.

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Achillea millefolium 'Point Cabrillo'

(yarrow)

A delightful form of our local yarrow with wide clusters of soft pink flowers held on stalks reaching 2 feet high. Large, fern-like leaves of green spread quickly to form broad drifts. Selected from Point Cabrillo on the Mendocino coast. Blooms from spring through autumn. Plant in full sun and water occasionally once established. The foliage is deer resistant.
Achillea millefolium 'Red Velvet'
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Achillea millefolium 'Red Velvet'

This yarrow is getting rave reviews for it’s deep-red flowers produced atop grey-green ferny foliage. Spreading 2 foot or so wide with flowers rising 2 – 2 ½ feet tall. Best in full sun with moderate to occasional watering. Popular with bees and butterflies. Often deer resistant.

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Achillea millefolium 'Shell Beach'

(yarrow)

A selection from the Sonoma coast of our native yarrow discovered by Mostly Natives Nursery. The flowers are a clear white on stalks reaching a height of about 1 foot. Similar to the selection ‘Sonoma Coast’ but with slightly smaller flower clusters and subtly grayer leaves. Blooms from spring through fall. Give full sun and water occasionally once established. The foliage is deer resistant.
Achillea millefolium 'Sonoma Coast' yarrow
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Achillea millefolium 'Sonoma Coast'

(yarrow)

This is a local selection from the Sonoma County coast near Salmon Creek. Bright green foliage is topped with white flowers in dense heads on compact stems to around 1 ft. tall. Can bloom over a long period, spring through fall, depending on conditions. Best in sunny areas with some summer water, though it is drought tolerant.  Flowers attract butterflies and other insects. The foliage is deer resistant.
Achillea  millefolium 'Terracotta' yarrow
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Achillea millefolium 'Terracotta'

(yarrow)

This hybrid yarrow forms a mat of grey-green ferny foliage 2 - 3 ft. wide with interesting earth-tone color flowers. The long lasting flower clusters simultaneously sport peachy-yellow tones through burnt orange, on sturdy non-floppy stems to around 2 ft. tall. Plant in full sun with moderate to occassional summer water once established. Bees and butterflies love yarrows, but they are not deer favorites. Excellent cut flowers too.

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Achillea millefolium var. steensii

(Steens Mountain yarrow)

Tucked away in southeastern Oregon is an ancient ridge known as Steens Mountain. From those decaying glacial cirques comes this special little yarrow. Distinctive for it's low,dense green foliage and short flower stalks reaching a height of about 6 inches. The flowers are white with umbels about two inches wide. Blooms from spring through autumn. A useful diminutive yarrow for the rock garden or small space. Doesn’t spread as aggressively as it's lowland kin but forms nice dense mats. Provide full sun and water occasionally once established. Deer resistant.
Achillea millefolium - inland form - Lake County seed source  yarrow
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Achillea millefolium - inland form - Lake County seed source

(yarrow)

A vigorous and easy to grow perennial, yarrow grows native throughout California in many plant communities. This crop is grown from seed collected from a hot inland site in Lake County. In this form, flower stems rise 18 inches above the gray ferny foliage bearing white flowers in flat topped clusters. Plant in a sunny location with moderate to a little water. Spreads by rhizomes and can form sizable clumps if happy. A good addition to the habitat garden where the flowers provide nectar for bees and butterflies and the foliage provides winter forage for birds. The foliage is deer resistant.  
Achillea millefolium - inland form - Napa County seed source  yarrow
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Achillea millefolium - inland form - Napa County seed source

(yarrow)

A vigorous and easy to grow perennial, yarrow grows native throughout California in many plant communities. This crop is grown from seed collected from a hot inland site in Napa County. In this form, flower stems rise 18 inches above the gray ferny foliage bearing white flowers in flat topped clusters. Plant in a sunny location with moderate to a little water. Spreads by rhizomes and can form sizable clumps if happy. A good addition to the habitat garden where the flowers provide nectar for bees and butterflies and the foliage provides winter forage for birds. The foliage is deer resistant.
Achillea millefolium - inland form - Sonoma County seed source  yarrow
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Achillea millefolium - inland form - Sonoma County seed source

(yarrow)

A vigorous and easy to grow perennial, yarrow grows native throughout California in many plant communities. This crop is grown from seed collected from a hot inland site in Sonoma County. In this form, flower stems rise 18 inches above the gray ferny foliage bearing white flowers in flat topped clusters. Plant in a sunny location with moderate to a little water. Spreads by rhizomes and can form sizable clumps if happy. A good addition to the habitat garden where the flowers provide nectar for bees and butterflies and the foliage provides winter forage for birds. The foliage is deer resistant.

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Achillea millefolium - Montara Mountain form

(yarrow)

We discovered the parent of this giant seed strain on the lower slopes of Montara Mountain in San Mateo Co.. With broad, white flower clusters reaching up to 4 ft. high, this is the largest yarrow we've encountered. While seedlings can vary, we have high hopes for this new introduction. Give full sun and moderate to infrequent irrigation. Potentially an excellent spreading perennial for a tall meadow. Attracts all sorts of pollinators. The green, fuzzy leaves are usually considered to be deer resistant.  

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Achillea millefolium - Tomales Point form

(yarrow)

Extremely large leaves up to 10 inches long distinguish this form from most other local yarrow selections. While most yarrow from our coastline have very green leaves, this strain is remarkably gray.  From spring through autumn, large white flower clusters sit upon stalks about 2 feet in height. Water occasionally in areas away from the coast and provide full sun. The foliage is deer resistant.
Achillea tomentosa  woolly yarrow
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Achillea tomentosa

(woolly yarrow)

Native to southern Europe, this species forms a dense, evergreen, spreading mat of fuzzy olive-green leaves. Early summer brings bright golden-yellow flowers in flat topped clusters on 6-8 inch stems.  Best in a well-drained soils in full sun. Moderate to occasional water once established. Excellent rock garden subject, small scale ground cover or edging plant. Good in containers too. Deer resistant and pollinator friendly.

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Achillea x lewisii 'King Edward'

(dwarf woolly yarrow)

Low carpet forming perennial with fragrant olive-green foliage, spreading to around one foot wide. Spring time brings butter-yellow flowers on short stems which rise 6 inches or so above the dense mat of foliage. The dwarf size makes it a good candidate for edging, rock garden or container planting. Requires good drainage, full sun with moderate watering. Attractive to bees and butterflies. Deer resistant.    
Actaea rubra  baneberry
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Actaea rubra

(baneberry)

Native to moist wooded plant communities throughout the Coast Ranges and the Sierra Nevada. The attractive astilbe-like foliage emerges in the early spring. The tiny white flowers have no petals and are made up of clusters of creamy white stamens. The spikes of vivid, shiny red berries are very showy though poisonous - hence the common name baneberry. A wonderful addition to shady situations with some summer water. Goes dormant in the winter. Deer resistant.

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Actaea rubra - white fruited form

(baneberry)

This is the special white fruited form of the more commonly seen red fruited baneberry. We are not sure how true these will come from seed and suspect there will be some red berries showing up in this crop. So far we have had only white fruits coming from this seed source, but we will have to see how the entire crop develops. Baneberry is a wonderful woodland plant and easy to grow in shady locales with some summer moisture. The foliage is astilbe-like and late spring brings tall flower stems topped with white flowers that have no real petals and are made up of clusters of creamy white stamens. The showy and VERY POISONOUS fruits follow, hopefully in this case white, but may be shiny red. Dies back to the ground in the winter. Deer resistant.
Adenostoma fasciculatum  chamise
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Adenostoma fasciculatum

(chamise)

Chamise is found on the poorest soils in hot, dry, exposed areas of chaparral plant communities.  Bright green needle-like leaves cover this evergreen shrub.  Late spring brings showy plumes of creamy white flowers in small dense sprays, persisting as they age to reddish brown. This tough shrub can grow 3-10 ft tall and wide depending on conditions. An excellent erosion control plant for tough sites where it holds soil, provides cover for wildlife and acts as a nurse plant, paving the way for the other species to get started.  Plant in full sun with no water required once established. Deer resistant.
Adenostoma fasciculatum v. prostratum  prostrate chamise
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Adenostoma fasciculatum v. prostratum

(prostrate chamise)

An interesting form of a rugged native shrub that inhabits hot dry rocky slopes of the chaparral. This rare and unusual form, from Santa Cruz Island grows into a low mound 3 - 4 ft. wide with dark green needle-like leaves. Small creamy white flowers in dense spikes decorate the branch tips in summer. A natural for dry sun drenched slopes where it will require no supplemental water once established. 
Adiantum aleuticum  five-finger fern
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Adiantum aleuticum

(five-finger fern)

Five finger fern provides a delicate, airy, fresh effect in the shade garden. Easy to grow with regular water and humusy soil. Does well in containers too. Fronds form finger-like patterns on handsome black stems up to 1 and 1/2 feet tall.  Somewhat winter deciduous.  Combine with wild ginger, redwood sorrel, leopard lilies and sword fern for a handsome woodland garden. 
Adiantum capillus-veneris  southern maidenhair fern
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Adiantum capillus-veneris

(southern maidenhair fern)

A lacy and delicate looking fern with arching dark stems that carry bright green fan-shaped leaflets. A wonderful addition to a woodland garden or any shady space where it is easy to grow as long as it receives regular water. Lovely in containers or raised beds, on a shady bank or border, along the north side of a building. Can grow as much as 1 1/2 ft. tall and wide. Southern maidenhair can be grown through much of California except for high mountain areas. Goes winter dormant with cold.

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Adiantum pedatum

(five fingered fern)

A beautiful fern with black stems and bright green fan-shaped fronds. Growing 1 – 2 ft. tall and wide, producing an airy effect in the woodland garden. Requires good drainage and regular water in a shady location. Good container subject too. Cut back old fronds in the winter, making way for the fresh new fiddleheads.
Adiantum x tracyi  Tracy's maidenhair fern
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Adiantum x tracyi

(Tracy's maidenhair fern)

A naturally occurring cross between Western five finger and California maidenhair fern. Offers a delicate lacy effect with gorgeous bright green fronds on black arching stems. One of the parents is winter dormant, the other, summer dormant, with the resulting hybrid being evergreen. Easy to grow with shade, woodsy soil and summer irrigation. Excellent container plant too.
Aesculus californica  Californica buckeye
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Aesculus californica

(Californica buckeye)

Beautiful in all its seasons, this native tree is perfectly adapted to our summer dry climate.  Broad headed, deciduous tree rapidly growing to 15 feet or more with smooth grey bark and a rounded shapely habit.  Bright green palmate leaves unfurl in the spring.  Striking, fragrant white to pink flowers in long spikes are followed by pear shaped fruits that split open to reveal large chestnut-brown shiny seeds dangling from branch tips.  Buckeyes lose their leaves in summer to avoid the long dry season. Adaptable and tolerant of a wide range of conditions.  Sun to light shade, little to no water once established.  Flowers provide nectar for hummingbirds, butterflies and native bees.
Agastache  'Kudos Mandarin' hybrid anise hyssop
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Agastache 'Kudos Mandarin'

(hybrid anise hyssop)

The "Kudos" line of hybrid Agastache were bred for compact habit, earlier blooming, increased cold hardiness and resistance to downy mildew. Fragrant, lush foliage on compact stems growing 16 - 24 inches tall x 24 inches wide. Rosy-orange tubular flowers bloom over a long period in summer and are highly attractive to bees, butterflies and hummingbirds. Requires good drainage and full sun with moderate to occasional water. Good container subject too. Deer resistant.
Agastache  'Kudos Silver Blue' hybrid anise hyssop
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Agastache 'Kudos Silver Blue'

(hybrid anise hyssop)

The "Kudos" line of hybrid Agastache were bred for compact habit, earlier blooming, increased cold hardiness and resistance to downy mildew. 'Silver Blue' produces an abundance of lavender-blue tubular flowers on lush fragrant foliage growing 16 - 24 inches tall x 24 inches wide. The flowers are highly attractive to a wide array of pollinators including bees, butterflies and hummingbirds. Grow in full sun with good drainage and moderate to occasional watering. Deer resisitant.  
Agastache  'Rosy Giant' hummingbird mint
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Agastache 'Rosy Giant'

(hummingbird mint)

Sturdy, long blooming perennial, this Agastache mexicana hybrid was introduced by Suncrest Nursery. Lemony scented foliage to about 2 ft. tall. Erect flower stems rise 5-6 ft. with bright rose pink tubular flowers in dense heads summer into fall. Plant in full sun with good drainage and moderate water once established. Highly attractive to hummingbirds.
Agastache aurantiaca 'Apricot Sunrise' orange hummingbird mint
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Agastache aurantiaca 'Apricot Sunrise'

(orange hummingbird mint)

Evergreen perennial 2-3 ft. by 2-3 ft. tall and wide. Many spikes of soft orange tubular flowers over a long period, summer - fall. Best in full sun with moderate to regular water once established. Lovely lemon-scented foliage. Deer resistant.
Agastache  foeniculum  anise hyssop
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Agastache foeniculum

(anise hyssop)

Native to the upper Midwest and Great Plains of North America, this upright, clump forming perennial is a willing grower. Reaching 2 -4 ft. tall and wide with aromatic, anise-scented foliage. Terminal spikes of lavender-purple flowers mid to late summer are highly attractive to bees, butterflies and hummingbirds. Finches love their seeds. Has a long history of medicinal uses and as a seasoning and tea. Plant in full sun to light shade with decent drainage and regular watering. Deer resistant.
Agastache urticifolia  licorice mint
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Agastache urticifolia

(licorice mint)

Plant description coming soon.
Agoseris grandiflora  California dandelion
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Agoseris grandiflora

(California dandelion)

Plant description coming soon.

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Agrostis scabra

(ticklegrass)

  Native to middle and high elevation forests and meadows throughout California, this small bunchgrass forms dense tufts of blue-green foliage about six inches high with airy inflorescences rising another eighteen inches.  Works well in a meadow planting or in a container.  Combine with other small perennials such as Grindelia and yarrow or plant in large masses to show off the delicate grass flowers.  Needs regular moisture and full sun to light shade.  Deer resistant.  
Allium unifolium 'Wayne Roderick' single leaf onion
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Allium unifolium 'Wayne Roderick'

(single leaf onion)

An adaptable and easy to grow native onion with handsome blue-green foliage. Late spring brings beautiful lavender-pink flowers on tall stems 8 inches to one foot tall. The flowers on this selection have a particularly appealing saturated color. Fairly water tolerant, often found on seasonally moist and heavy soils. Spreads vigorously. Goes dormant after bloom and will tolerate dry conditions at that time. Deer resistant. Named for internationally known bulb expert and native plant horticulturist, Wayne Roderick, who gave us this plant many years ago.
Alnus incana ssp. tenuifolia  mountain alder
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Alnus incana ssp. tenuifolia

(mountain alder)

Plant description coming soon.
Alnus rhombifolia  white alder
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Alnus rhombifolia

(white alder)

From creeks and rivers throughout California, the white alder rapidly grows to become a large tree, reaching to 50 ft. or more at maturity. Serrated green leaves produce an excellent canopy above the straight, silvery-gray trunk. In winter, when the leaves have fallen, the ghostly branches make a striking silhouette with dangling catkins from the branch tips. An excellent plant for creek restoration where its aggressive roots help to stabilize banks. Keep away from irrigation pipes and foundations. Needs regular moisture and sun to light shade.
Alnus rubra  red alder
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Alnus rubra

(red alder)

Plant description coming soon.
Amelanchier alnifolia  serviceberry
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Amelanchier alnifolia

(serviceberry)

A common native shrub or small multi-trunked tree often found growing along seasonal streams. Serviceberries provide a touch of autumn color at Annadel State Park where the leaves turn a lovely butterscotch yellow. The white spring flowers are followed by dark blue-purple fruits coveted by ring neck doves in the wild. Sun to partial shade. Moderate to infrequent water.
Amorpha californica v. napensis  false indigo
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Amorpha californica v. napensis

(false indigo)

A lovely and uncommon native shrub of the pea family, occasionally seen in woodland and chaparral communities in the coast ranges around the San Francisco Bay Area. Offering a delicate, airy quality, this deciduous shrub grows 2-6 ft. tall. Intricate flowers are closely set on slender spikes and are made up of a tiny intense indigo-purple petal with protruding bright orange stamens, charming on close inspection. This rare and threatened shrub is the larval food source for the California dogface butterfly, our state butterfly. Bees and butterflies nectar on the flowers as well. Best in lightly shaded areas with little to no summer water needed once established.
Anaphalis margaritacea  pearly everlasting
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Anaphalis margaritacea

(pearly everlasting)

An adaptable plant with shiny deep green leaves that are densely white and woolly beneath. The flowers appear in summer and are made up of pearly white papery bracts surrounding yellow centers. The “straw flowers” retain their shape and color and are often used in dried arrangements. Tolerant of almost any soil type, it prefers full sun where it will grow in moist to somewhat dry conditions. Can be invasive, perhaps best used in meadow plantings or other naturalistic settings. Grows 1 - 3 ft. tall and spreading. Attracts bees and butterflies. Deer resistant.
Anemone  deltoidea  western white anemone
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Anemone deltoidea

(western white anemone)

Rhizomatous perennial native to coniferous forests in the coastal mountains of Northern California through Washington. Forming low colonies, 6 inches or so tall with slender stems holding three leaflets. Simple, pure white flowers with a central shaft of anthers hold themselves just above the foliage. Spreads vigorously and best used with shrubs, ferns or other sturdy subjects.  Can romp over smaller perennials. Sweet addition to the woodland garden where it will grow in full to part shade with regular to a occasional summer watering. Good in containers too. Dies back to the ground in winter.  
Anemopsis californica  yerba mansa
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Anemopsis californica

(yerba mansa)

An unusual plant - native to wet areas, but adaptable to regular or moderate garden water. The low rosettes of leaves spread into attractive colonies. The white flowers, or actually, flower bracts, are very showy in late spring. Sun to light shade with moisture. Herbalists use roots and leaves for a topical antibiotic and other uses.

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Angelica arguta

(sharptooth angelica)

A remarkable form of this native mountain Angelica with striking bluish-gray foliage. Umbrella-shaped clusters of white flowers sit on stalks up to 6 feet in height. Needs moderate irrigation and dappled shade inland. Combine with native Heleniums, lilies and columbines to create a beautiful woodland flower patch. Great for native pollinators. A larval food source for the anise swallowtail butterfly.
Angelica breweri  Brewer's angelica
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Angelica breweri

(Brewer's angelica)

From the Sierras and the Klamath mountains comes this elegant member of the carrot family.  Clear white flowers perch like little stars in flat-topped clusters up to 10 inches wide.  Flower stalks can reach 6 feet in height with green serrated leaves forming 2 foot tall mounds at the base.  Enjoys dappled shade away from the coast and moderate water.  Great for native bees and butterflies.  A larval food source for the anise swallowtail butterfly.
Angelica californica  California angelica
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Angelica californica

(California angelica)

Striking stalks up to 6 ft. tall hold flat topped clusters of white flowers above low growing emerald-green leaves. This uncommon member of the carrot family needs only occasional water once established. Naturally occurs under the dappled shade of oaks where it cohabitates with ferns, hound's tongue,yerba buena and woodland strawberries. Excellent for attracting beneficial insects. May go summer dormant when allowed to dry out.
Angelica hendersonii  bluff angelica
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Angelica hendersonii

(bluff angelica)

Found in nature on the immediate coast, though well adapted to the watered inland garden. It has the overall look of a stout cow parsnip with creamy white flowers in umbels and pinnately compound leaves of a deep green. Like many umbels, it is a good nectar source for beneficial insects. 4-5 ft. tall. Full sun to light shade. Good drainage with moderate summer water.
Angelica lucida  sea watch
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Angelica lucida

(sea watch)

Large white flower clusters up to one foot across are held on stalks up to 5 feet tall above coarsely dissected leaves.  Greener leaves and a more refined character distinguish this species from the more common Angelica hendersonii.  While it is rare on the sea cliffs of northern California, sea-watch has a large distribution along coasts throughout the northern hemisphere.   Give regular moisture and part shade in areas away from the coast.  Attracts bees and butterflies.      
Angelica tomentosa  foothill angelica
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Angelica tomentosa

(foothill angelica)

An inland angelica found in more or less moist, lightly shaded places, usually on serpentine. An important plant for the Pomo for its many medicinal and shamanistic uses. To about 5 ft. tall with handsome pinnately compound gray-green leaves. Good drainage and moderate water in the garden with a late summer rest (low water).
Apocynum cannabinum  Indian hemp
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Apocynum cannabinum

(Indian hemp)

Native throughout much of North America, California and our own Santa Rosa Valley.  Grows 3 ft. tall and spreads vigorously by roots to form large patches. Small white flowers in summer.  Turns beautiful shades of yellow in the autumn then dies back to the ground in the winter.  Good for wild meadow or ethnobotanical garden.  Important to Native Americans who used the stems for cordage, rope, twine nets etc. Sun to light shade with some moisture. Will tolerate dry conditions after blooming. Very attractive to butterflies. BEWARE! SPREADS VIGOROUSLY!  
Aquilegia eximia  serpentine columbine
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Aquilegia eximia

(serpentine columbine)

Large, orangey-red flowers with yellow spurs adorn this beautiful and uncommon native columbine. The pendant, brightly colored blossoms are larger than those of the western columbine but just as attractive to hummingbirds. Forms a 1 ft. high mound of foliage with flowering stalks reaching up to 4 ft. tall. Native to the Coast Ranges from Mendocino to Ventura Counties often on serpentine soils. Provide full sun to part shade and only water enough to prevent the soil from drying out completely. In areas far away from the coast provide a little shade from the hot afternoon sun.
Aquilegia formosa  western columbine
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Aquilegia formosa

(western columbine)

Popular native perennial with fern-like foliage and wonderful nodding spurred blossoms of orangey-red and yellow. Best with a little shade and regular moisture but will tolerate full sun in somewhat cooler climates. Grows 1 1/2’ to 3’ tall. Flowers attract hummingbirds; the seeds are relished by small birds such as sparrows and Juncos.
Arabis blepharophylla  rose rock cress
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Arabis blepharophylla

(rose rock cress)

A charming spring blooming perennial, native to rocky places of coastal scrub, Santa Cruz to Sonoma counties. The neat foliage grows in tight low rosettes and are topped with vibrant rose-purple mustard-like flowers 8 to 10 inches tall. A natural for coastal areas, it requires some relief from the hot sun and additional water inland. Perfect with other non rampant plants of similar requirements on a slope, rock garden, or along a border. Excellent container plant. Good nectar source for butterflies.
Aralia californica  elk clover, spikenard
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Aralia californica

(elk clover, spikenard)

Striking native perennial for shady areas with regular water. Tropical looking foliage 4 - 8 ft. tall with flower stalks of white ball-like clusters followed by purple berries. In the autumn the foliage turns yellow and dies to the ground, returning with exuberance in the spring. Birds relish the fruits. Deer resistant.
Arbutus  'Marina'
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Arbutus 'Marina'

Beautiful evergreen with many of the virtues of our native madrone, but much easier to grow. A hybrid of uncertain parentage growing 25 - 40 ft. tall with dark green leathery leaves that have a red blush to the new growth. Flowers in the autumn with showy clusters of rosy-pink urn-shaped flowers. The round red fruits, about one inch across are sparsely produced. Gorgeous peeling cinnamon red bark is another attractive feature. Can be trained as a single trunked tree, multi-trunked specimen, or grown as a screen or tall hedge. Best in full sun with good drainage where it will accept regular water. It is drought tolerant ONCE ESTABLISHED, but is best with occasional (1x or 2x monthly) deep summer waterings. Will tolerate heavy soils if NOT over watered. Flowers are attractive to hummingbirds.

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Arbutus andrachne

(Greek strawberry tree)

Arbutus andrachne, commonly called the Greek Strawberry Tree, is an evergreen shrub or small tree native to the Mediterranean, the Middle East, and southwestern Asia. Very much like our local native madrone, it develops a smooth red bark with a delicate white "bloom" to it, its white flowers become red fruits. Very drought tolerant once established and tolerant of a range of soils, including serpentine. Good drainage, full sun to partial shade.
Arbutus menziesii  madrone
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Arbutus menziesii

(madrone)

Beautiful native evergreen tree but tricky to establish. Main feature is the handsome smooth reddish bark that peels in thin flakes. Leaves are leathery and shiny dark green. Large clusters of white flowers give way to red-orange berries that can remain into winter if the birds don't get them. MUST have good drainage and just enough water to establish. Once established give only infrequent deep waterings or no water at all.

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Arbutus unedo 'Compacta'

(compact strawberry tree)

Handsome evergreen shrub or tree with year-round interest. Shiny green foliage with red stems and cinnamon colored bark, grows in a dense rounded form. Abundant flowers and fruits are often present at the same time. Clusters of urn-shaped white flowers bloom in the autumn and are adored by hummingbirds, bees and butterflies. Showy and prolific, knobby, one inch fruits, change from orange to red as they ripen. The edible fruits resemble strawberries in their color and size, but their flavor and texture appeal to birds more than humans. Grows 6 – 10 foot tall and wide, in full sun to light shade and is drought tolerant once established. Responds to pruning to accentuate its’ sculptural qualities or to train into a tree form.  
Arctostaphylos  'Emerald Carpet' manzanita
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Arctostaphylos 'Emerald Carpet'

(manzanita)

This popular manzanita forms a wonderful, dense, green groundcover around 1 ft. tall by 6 ft. wide. Clusters of small, white, urn-shaped flowers decorate the plant in early winter. A natural hybrid discovered on Haven's Neck on the southern Mendocino Coast. Often planted en mass to create a large scale groundcover. Somewhat slower growing than bearberry and slightly taller over time. Enjoys full sun near the coast but does best in hotter areas with some afternoon shade. Needs moderate water once established.
Arctostaphylos  'Howard McMinn' manzanita
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Arctostaphylos 'Howard McMinn'

(manzanita)

One of the most popular of the manzanitas, for several good reasons. It is rounded in form and profusely branched, growing 3 - 6 ft. tall. It has shiny green leaves and abundant light pink flowers. Beautiful mahogany trunks create a wonderful sculptural effect. The dense foliage responds exceptionally well to pruning - even shearing, and tolerates a far greater range of soils and watering regimes than most manzanitas.
Arctostaphylos  'John Dourley' manzanita
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Arctostaphylos 'John Dourley'

(manzanita)

A beautiful mounding manzanita growing 3-4 ft. tall and 6 ft. wide.Bluish-green leaves with gorgeous bronzy new growth, abundant pink flowers followed by red fruits make this vigorous grower a wonderful addition to the garden. Plant in sunny areas with little to no water once established. The early blooming manzanitas provide an important nectar source for hummingbirds and bees.
Arctostaphylos  'Lester Rowntree' manzanita
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Arctostaphylos 'Lester Rowntree'

(manzanita)

Introduced by Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden and named for early native plant pioneer Lester Rowntree who provided the seed. This hybrid, involving A. pajaroensis, develops into a beautiful specimen, growing 8-10 ft. tall and wide with time. Shapely, upright branches sport bluish foliage with coral-pink, urn-shaped flowers very early, often beginning in October. An unusual feature for an upright manzanita is the large, glossy, red berrieswhich ripen in the summer.  The reddish bark, gorgeous foliage and flowers make this an excellent candidate for sunny areas with little to no summer water once established. Its early flowering period offers nectar to hummingbirds and bees when not much else native is blooming.
Arctostaphylos  'Lutsko's Pink' manzanita
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Arctostaphylos 'Lutsko's Pink'

(manzanita)

One of the very best ornamental manzanitas, named for the landscape architect who introduced it: Ron Lutsko. An upright shrub 4 -7 ft. tall, with dark glossy green leaves and covered with blossoms in spring which are blushed pink. Mahogany trunks develop a beautiful contorted shape. Good for dry sunny spot.
Arctostaphylos  'Pacific Mist' manzanita
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Arctostaphylos 'Pacific Mist'

(manzanita)

A broadly spreading shrub, fast growing for a manzanita, eventually forming a good dense ground cover 2 - 2 1/2 ft. tall by 10 ft. wide. Handsome gray-green leaves with deep reddish-brown bark. Small clusters of white urn-shaped flowers in late winter are pretty, but it is not a heavy bloomer. This fine introduction from Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden is proving to be dependable and disease resistant. Plant in sun or light shade. More drought tolerant than the popular bearberries. In cool summer areas may need no additional summer water once established. In hotter inland sites,occasional deep summer waterings is best.
Arctostaphylos  'Sentinel' manzanita
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Arctostaphylos 'Sentinel'

(manzanita)

Somewhat more upright in habit but less dense and less uniform than Arctostaphylos 'Howard McMinn', it is a far heavier bloomer with LOTS of vivid pink blossoms and soft grey green leaves. A relatively easy and dependable manzanita, growing 6 - 8 ft. tall and wide, though reputed to be less tolerant of irrigation and heavy soils than A. ‘Howard McMinn’, the most adaptable of all manzanitas.  Distinctive burgundy-colored bark. Early nectar source for hummingbirds and bumble bees.
Arctostaphylos  'Sunset' manzanita
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Arctostaphylos 'Sunset'

(manzanita)

A handsome manzanita growing 6 ft. tall and wide with especially attractive coppery-red new growth. Flowers are urn-shaped pinkish-white. Exfoliating shaggy bark reveals smooth red toned trunks. Can be pruned to expose the beautiful sinuous branching structure. A naturally occuring hybrid discovered near Prunedale in Monterey Co. involving A. pajaroensis and A. hookeri. Tolerant of heavy soils and heat as well as occasional irrigation. 
Arctostaphylos  'White Lanterns' manzanita
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Arctostaphylos 'White Lanterns'

(manzanita)

This lovely manzanita believed to be a selection of A. densiflora originated at the Santa Barbara Botanical Gardens many years ago, but today it is a rare find in nurseries. Slowly growing to a dense mound 3-4 feet tall and wide, this tough and disease resistant plant is equally at home as a beautiful specimen or massed in large plantings. Especially heavy blooming, this shrub is covered with clusters of white blossoms opening from pink buds over a long period in late winter. Excellent early nectar source for hummingbirds and bees. Plant in full sun to very light shade with little to no water once established.    

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Arctostaphylos auriculata

(Mount Diablo manzanita)

From the rocky slopes of Mount Diablo comes this rare and delightful manzanita. Smallish, fuzzy, grey leaves densely cover the branches over mahogany-red trunks. Late winter brings flowers ranging in color from pink to white.  This species grows slowly and densely to about 5 or 6 ft. tall and at least as wide. Needs full sun. Make sure to provide excellent drainage and little to no irrigation once established.
Arctostaphylos bakeri 'Louis Edmunds' Baker's manzanita
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Arctostaphylos bakeri 'Louis Edmunds'

(Baker's manzanita)

A beautiful and durable upright manzanita reaching 5 - 6 ft. tall and wide. This species is native to Sonoma Co. where it is considered very rare and threatened by development. Handsome gray-green foliage with wonderful purplish-brown trunks contrast nicely with showy clusters of pink urn-shaped flowers in spring. Great for sunny areas where it endures heat and drought but enjoys an occasional deep watering. The manzanita berries can attract mockingbirds, robins, and cedar waxwings. It provides low shrubby cover for quail and wren-tits and its flowers provide nectar for hummingbirds.
Arctostaphylos canescens  hoary manzanita
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Arctostaphylos canescens

(hoary manzanita)

Plant description coming soon.
Arctostaphylos columbiana  hairy manzanita
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Arctostaphylos columbiana

(hairy manzanita)

From Northern California’s coastline and outer Coast Ranges comes one of the largest of all manzanitas. This stately large shrub can reach well over 15 ft. tall, often developing a contorted shape with age. The large, gray-green leaves contrast well with the burnished, rust-red trunks.  Clusters of white flowers emerge in spring followed by matte-red fruits. This is THE upright manzanita for coastal areas with good drainage. Provide full sun and no irrigation once established.
Arctostaphylos cruzensis  Arroyo de la Cruz manzanita
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Arctostaphylos cruzensis

(Arroyo de la Cruz manzanita)

This rare, ground-hugging manzanita comes from the San Luis Obispo coast. Features grey-green, wedge-shaped leaves and soft pink flowers in the winter. Its distinctive creeping habit makes it ideal for crawling over walls or lining walkways. Provide full sun to light shade and moderate to infrequent irrigation once established. Good in containers.
Arctostaphylos densiflora   Vine Hill manzanita
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Arctostaphylos densiflora

(Vine Hill manzanita)

One of California's rarest natives, this is the pure, true species. Exists only in a very small preserve in western Sonoma Co.. Distinctive for the profusion of beautiful pink to white urn-shaped blossoms they produce in winter and small, shiny bright green leaves. Variable in height but typically grows 3 ft. tall by 6 ft. wide. Does best in its native Sebastopol sandy soils with full sun to light shade and occasional to no summer irrigation.
Arctostaphylos densiflora 'James West' Vine Hill manzanita
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Arctostaphylos densiflora 'James West'

(Vine Hill manzanita)

This wonderful, drought tolerant, low growing manzanita from Sonoma County appears in form and other details to be a selection of the pure species of the very rare Vine Hill Manzanita. It is a very choice cultivar, seldom available in the trade. Grows 18 - 24 inches by 6 ft. in ten years and flowers from January through March with thick heads of shell pink flowers. Good drainage, as with all manzanitas and occasional to no irrigation once established. Full sun.
Arctostaphylos edmundsii 'Bert Johnson' Little Sur manzanita
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Arctostaphylos edmundsii 'Bert Johnson'

(Little Sur manzanita)

Choice, low growing manzanita introduced by the Tilden Botanic Garden.  Dense, mounding or cascading habit growing to around a foot tall by 6 ft. wide with small dark green leaves and bronzy new growth.  Not as fast growing as 'Carmel Sur'. Clusters of tiny pink to white urn-shaped flowers in winter attract hummingbirds and are followed by handsome cinnamon colored little apple-shaped fruits. Excellent cascading over walls, rocks, or containers in sun to light shade.  This manzanita has proven adaptable and fairly garden tolerant putting up with heavy soils and more summer water than many.  Full sun along the coast with light shade in hot inland sites.  Drought tolerant once established but appreciates occasional summer water.  
Arctostaphylos edmundsii 'Big Sur' Little Sur manzanita
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Arctostaphylos edmundsii 'Big Sur'

(Little Sur manzanita)

Plant description coming soon.
Arctostaphylos edmundsii 'Carmel Sur' Little Sur manzanita
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Arctostaphylos edmundsii 'Carmel Sur'

(Little Sur manzanita)

Perhaps the fastest growing variety of this species. Attractive gray-green foliage with a dense, spreading habit under 1 ft. tall and 6 ft. across. Light pink flowers appear in winter but are few and infrequent. A handsome alternative to other groundcover manzanitas.  More drought and heat tolerant than the bearberries and 'Emerald Carpet'. Likes full sun but may enjoy a little afternoon shade in especially hot inland sites. 
Arctostaphylos franciscana  Franciscan manzanita
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Arctostaphylos franciscana

(Franciscan manzanita)

This distinctive clone of the very rare franciscan manzanita displays luxuriant growth of shiny, dark green leaves spreading fairly quickly to form a dense drift up to eight ft wide and 2 ft tall. An excellent groundcover similar in appearance to A. uva-ursi but more drought tolerant and somewhat taller. A good manzanita for serpentine but still does well in other soils. Produces a modest display of pinkish white flowers in winter. Plant in full sun but light shade is fine especially in hotter climates. Requires moderate to occasional irrigation once established.

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Arctostaphylos gabilanensis

(Gabilan Mountains manzanita)

This extremely rare and threatened species wasn’t discovered until the early part of the 21st century, making it the newest species of manzanita to be identified. Not only is it very rare, but it is also extremely beautiful, featuring large, wedge-shaped, fuzzy, grey leaves and new growth flushed rosy-pink. Smooth, burgundy bark clothes the contoured branches which support clusters of whitish flowers in mid-winter, followed by red fruits in the summer. This slow growing shrub will eventually reach a height of 6 ft. or more with a broader width. Provide full sun. Needs decent drainage and will be very drought tolerant once established.
Arctostaphylos glandulosa  Eastwood manzanita
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Arctostaphylos glandulosa

(Eastwood manzanita)

Plant description coming soon.
Arctostaphylos glandulosa f. repens 'Mount Vision' Eastwood manzanita
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Arctostaphylos glandulosa f. repens 'Mount Vision'

(Eastwood manzanita)

Found only in the Bishop pine forest of the Point Reyes Peninsula, the form repens has a low and mounding habit. This particular selection was picked for it’s exceptionally compact and creeping nature and large, gray-green leaves. Clusters of white flowers hang from branch tips in early winter. While slower growing than most other groundcover manzanitas, this cultivar will eventually reach about 6 ft wide with a height of about 1 ft. 'Mount Vision' is best planted as a specimen rather than in mass plantings. Very drought tolerant once established with full sun to light shade. An excellent container plant.
Arctostaphylos glauca  bigberry manzanita
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Arctostaphylos glauca

(bigberry manzanita)

Description coming soon.
Arctostaphylos hookeri 'Monterey Carpet' Monterey manzanita
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Arctostaphylos hookeri 'Monterey Carpet'

(Monterey manzanita)

Evergreen, creeping manzanita less than 1 ft. tall with small, deep green leaves. Dark red branches tend to root and increase its spread to 8 ft. or so wide. Small clusters of white flowers appear in late winter to early spring. Prefers a little shade inland. Drought tolerant but enjoys occasional irrigation in inland sites. Perfect under deciduous oaks or tall pines. Works well in spots where the creeping branches can spill over an edge, creating a cascade effect. 

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Arctostaphylos hookeri 'Wayside'

(Monterey manzanita)

A robust selection of the Monterey manzanita with dense branches growing to 3 ft. high by 8 ft or more broad. Attractive upsweeping crooked trunks with little white flowers and small deep green leaves. Occurring on open hills around Monterey Bay. Despite it's somewhat coastal origin, this selection tolerates, sun, heat and drought quite well. That being said, it will also accept occasional irrigation and light shade. A very useful plant for covering large sunny banks with poor soil.
Arctostaphylos hookeri ssp. hearstiorum  Hearst's manzanita
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Arctostaphylos hookeri ssp. hearstiorum

(Hearst's manzanita)


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Arctostaphylos hookeri x pajaroensis - Tilden form

(manzanita)

We thank Tilden Botanic Garden for this natural cross from the Pajaro River area of Monterey Bay. While similar to ‘Sunset’, this selection has somewhat denser foliage and thicker, more rigid stems. A vigorous and disease resistant manzanita with dark green, wedge-shaped leaves and bronzy-red new growth. In late winter, small, whitish flowers draw native bees into the garden for nectar. The slightly shaggy, cinnamon-colored bark covers the contorted trunks to great effect. Reaches up to a height of about 5 or 6 ft. and a width of around 7 ft. Provide full sun to part shade. Is more tolerant of heavy soils than many manzanitas and will accept moderate to infrequent irrigation in the garden.
Arctostaphylos manzanita  common manzanita
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Arctostaphylos manzanita

(common manzanita)

Good subject for a dry sunny bank where this picturesque native shrub can develop its beautiful form of sinewy branches and smooth red-brown bark. Growing 8-12 ft. tall by 6-10 ft. wide or even larger with time. Flowers heavily in the spring with white to soft pink urn-shaped flowers followed by clusters of tiny apple-shaped fruits. An excellent habitat plant providing food and cover for a wide array of birds. The flowers are an excellent early nectar source for bees and hummingbirds. Very drought tolerant once established.
Arctostaphylos manzanita 'Austin Griffiths' manzanita
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Arctostaphylos manzanita 'Austin Griffiths'

(manzanita)

Believed to be a cross between 'Sentinel' and 'Dr. Hurd', this hybrid was discovered by Native Sons Nursery and named in honor of a valued volunteer. Glossy green leaves and dark maroon-brown bark form an attractive backdrop for large clusters of soft pink flowers.  The blooms appear in early winter, providing a valuable nectar source for hummingbirds and bees. Over time, this upright manzanita can reach a height of up to 10 feet and a width of 6 ft. More garden tolerant than 'Dr. Hurd', 'Austin Griffiths' accepts occasional irrigation but can be drought tolerant once established.
Arctostaphylos manzanita 'Bates' Yellow' common manzanita
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Arctostaphylos manzanita 'Bates' Yellow'

(common manzanita)

Plant description coming soon!
Arctostaphylos manzanita 'Dr. Hurd' common manzanita
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Arctostaphylos manzanita 'Dr. Hurd'

(common manzanita)

This selection of the common manzanita features large, rounded leaves of a distinctive pale green coloration. Becomes a large shrub or small tree, reaching up to 15 ft. tall with a beautiful mahogany-red trunk and a broad, round form.  Showy large clusters of white urn-shaped flowers in January, followed by burnished red berries. Prefers full sun, decent drainage and no irrigation once established. 

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Arctostaphylos manzanita 'Frei Road'

(common manzanita)

Large clusters of soft pink flowers and a contoured, open shape distinguish this West Sonoma County manzanita from its kin. Smooth, burgundy bark clothes the meandering branches offsetting the green, pointed leaves. Reaches a height of 8 ft. or more and a width of at least 6ft. May be pruned to create a more upright habit. This selection is more tolerant of irrigation and heavier soils than many inland manzanitas and is also more disease resistant. Provide full sun and occasional to no irrigation once established.

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Arctostaphylos manzanita 'Garrison Canyon'

(common manzanita)

This large, tree-like selection comes from Garrison Canyon on Pepperwood Preserve above Mark West Springs. Big, round, pewter-green leaves adorn branches covered in smooth mahogany bark. Especially large clusters of soft-pink flowers emerge in late winter and are followed in summer by “little apple” fruits. In time, this selection may reach up to 15 ft. tall and wide. Provide full sun. Very drought tolerant once established.

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Arctostaphylos manzanita 'Hood Mountain'

(common manzanita)

A Nevin Smith introduction from Hood Mountain in Sonoma County, California.  A possible natural hybrid with A. canescens, this sturdy upright manzanita offers grayish-green leaves on sculpted dark purplish-grey branches, growing 8-10 ft. tall and wide at maturity. White, urn-shaped flowers in late winter/early spring are a favorite of hummingbirds and bees. The large upright manzanitas make stunning specimens and, where space allows, excellent hedge or screen plants. Plant in full sun where it will thrive with no summer irrigation once established.
Arctostaphylos manzanita 'Laguna White' common manzanita
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Arctostaphylos manzanita 'Laguna White'

(common manzanita)

Discovered along Guerneville Road near the Laguna de Santa Rosa, this remarkable manzanita boasts dense clusters of clear white flowers in winter with semi-glossy apple green leaves and burgundy colored bark. Plant in full sun where it will reach a height of about 8 ft. tall by 6 ft. wide or more over time. More garden tolerant than many manzanitas, this selection will accept occasional watering after establishment. Though drought tolerant, 'Laguna White' may benefit from deep monthly waterings in the summer, especially in hot interior sites. An excellent early source of nectar for hummingbirds and native bees.
Arctostaphylos manzanita 'Mary's Blush' common manzanita
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Arctostaphylos manzanita 'Mary's Blush'

(common manzanita)

Selected along Guerneville Rd. in Sonoma County. It has the form and size of the common manzanita, 6 feet or more, with the disease resistance of the Vine Hill manzanita hybrids. Around a foot of growth a year is reasonable to expect initially. It has a beautiful deep mahogany trunk & is heavy flowering with clusters of pink flowers followed by beautiful red berries. Give it sun, good drainage and summer drought, but it's more tolerant than most of less than ideal conditions. The manzanita berries can attract mockingbirds, robins, and Cedar Waxwings. If unpruned it can provide cover for quail and wren-tits and its flowers provide nectar for native bees & hummingbirds.
Arctostaphylos manzanita 'Monica' common manzanita
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Arctostaphylos manzanita 'Monica'

(common manzanita)

Found originally along Guerneville Rd. in Sonoma County. It has the form and size of the large common manzanita, 10 ft or more with time, and the disease resistance of the Vine Hill manzanita. Features a beautiful dark mahogany trunk and clusters of shell pink flowers set against dark, glossy leaves. More upright in form than most other tall manzanitas. Give it sun to light shade and summer drought, but it's more tolerant than most of some summer water.Provides food and cover for birds and its flowers provide nectar for hummingbirds and bumble bees.

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Arctostaphylos manzanita 'Sebastopol White'

(common manzanita)

This upright manzanita displays dense growth of soft green, pointed leaves with clusters of white flowers in winter on a burnished mahogany trunk. Reaches a height of 8 ft or more and a width of at least 6 ft. Discovered along Guerneville Rd. in western Sonoma County. Very drought tolerant once established but will tolerate moderate irrigation when young. A disease resistant selection. Heavy soils are not a problem as long as water does not pool at the crown in winter. Enjoys full sun but will tolerate light shade.
Arctostaphylos montana ssp. montana  Mount Tamalpais manzanita
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Arctostaphylos montana ssp. montana

(Mount Tamalpais manzanita)

Plant description coming soon.

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Arctostaphylos montereyensis

(Monterey manzanita)

Beautiful pink flowers in winter and bright green leaves make this very rare manzanita from the Monterey Bay a must-have for the discerning collector. Slowly mounds to 5 or 6 ft. tall and round with a classic reddish trunk. Provide full sun to very light shade and occasional to no irrigation once established. So far we have found it to be surprisingly adaptable, tolerating some irrigation as it ages. Decent drainage will probably be needed. 
Arctostaphylos nummularia 'Bear Belly' glossy-leaf manzanita
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Arctostaphylos nummularia 'Bear Belly'

(glossy-leaf manzanita)

A remarkably compact selection of this shiny-leaved manzanita discovered by Ken Taylor at Haven’s Neck on the southern Mendocino coast. Little bell-like flowers of pink-tinged white emerge in late winter set against small, round leaves growing regularly along the stems. The slightly shaggy bark is a reddish-brown color and contrasts nicely with the dark green foliage. Over a few years,this plant reaches a height of about 1 foot and a width of about 3 feet. Unlike most manzanitas, this species needs moderate water and protection from the hot afternoon sun in inland locales. Makes a great container plant.
Arctostaphylos pajaroensis 'Paradise' Pajaro manzanita
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Arctostaphylos pajaroensis 'Paradise'

(Pajaro manzanita)

This rare species offers striking foliage and flowers. Large flower clusters of a lovely shade of pink and are followed by prominent rusty-red berries, enjoyed by birds. Beautiful bronze new growth ages to an appealing blue-green which contrasts nicely with the shaggy cinnamon-colored bark. Approximately 6 ft. or more tall and 8 - 10 ft. across in 10 years. Full sun to light shade, excellent drainage with little to no water once established. Flowers are an excellent early source of nectar for hummingbirds and bumble bees.

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Arctostaphylos pajaroensis 'Warren Roberts'

(Pajaro manzanita)

This stunning manzanita displays coral-pink flowers in early winter set against chalky blue-green leaves. In the spring the burnished red new growth emerges creating a striking contrast with the older leaves. The widely curving branches covered with shaggy cinnamon colored bark create a wonderfully sculpted look. If left unpruned, this selection will form a broad drift, about 6ft. high and up to 8ft. wide. 'Warren Roberts' is denser and has more intense blue-green leaves than it's sister, 'Paradise'. Provide full sun to very light shade and occasional to no irrigation once established. Needs decent drainage.
Arctostaphylos sensitiva  glossyleaf manzanita
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Arctostaphylos sensitiva

(glossyleaf manzanita)

Plant description coming soon.
Arctostaphylos silvicola  ghostly manzanita
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Arctostaphylos silvicola

(ghostly manzanita)

Plant description coming soon.

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Arctostaphylos stanfordiana

(Stanford manzanita)

One of the most beautiful of manzanitas with handsome dark mahogany bark, dense shiny green leaves and flowers ranging in color from intense pink to white. It's upright form ranges in height from 4 to 8 ft with a somewhat narrower width. Native to warmer areas of northern California's Coast Range, this species requires excellent drainage, full sun and NO water once established.

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Arctostaphylos stanfordiana 'Sonoma'

(Stanford manzanita)

Masses of deep pink flowers and glossy, deep green leaves are an enticing feature of this uncommon selection.  But what really distinguishes this cultivar from other Stanford manzanitas is the fact that it actually survives in the garden! Most other selections of this species are notoriously challenging to keep alive in cultivation. While fairly slow growing, the dense foliage mounds up over time to reach a height and width of about 5 ft. The striking burgundy-red trunks contrast nicely with the green leaves. Needs full sun and excellent drainage. No summer water once established.

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Arctostaphylos stanfordiana ssp. decumbens

(Rincon manzanita)

A Sonoma County endemic, this rare manzanita is from Rincon Ridge east of Santa Rosa. Low growing mounding shrub to as much as 3 ft tall by 4 ft. wide. Charming pink urn-shaped flowers in early spring. Handsome, rugged and drought tolerant. Best in full sun with good drainage, no water necessary once established. A good choice for lean soils, summer heat and drought.
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi 'Green Supreme' bearberry
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Arctostaphylos uva-ursi 'Green Supreme'

(bearberry)

A superior garden hybrid of the trailing bearberry. A volunteer seedling discovered by staff at Tilden Regional Parks Botanic Garden. Ultimately spreads 4 - 12 ft. across and no more than 6 inches tall. Enjoys moderate to occasional irrigation.  The glossy bright green leaves create a beautiful groundcover. Tolerates a wide range of soil types with reasonable drainage. Very disease resistant and fast growing. Shy to bloom or set berries. Sun to part-shade.
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi 'Point Reyes' Point Reyes bearberry
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Arctostaphylos uva-ursi 'Point Reyes'

(Point Reyes bearberry)

  An unusual selection of our native bearberry discovered near the Point Reyes lighthouse in Marin County.  Dark green, leathery leaves form distinctive whorls along the stems with pale pink, urn-shaped flowers emerging in early winter. The showy red berries  contrast nicely with the dark green leaves.  Reaching a height of about l8” and a width approaching 6 ft., this groundcover works well in a rock garden or mixed with other low shrubs and grasses from our coastal areas.  Give moderate water in interior locations and protect from the hot afternoon sun.  
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi 'Radiant' bearberry
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Arctostaphylos uva-ursi 'Radiant'

(bearberry)

A very low mat of glossy, dark green foliage 6 - 8 inches high and creeping 4 - 6 ft. across. Light pink flowers in early winter are followed by showy red berries. In hot inland areas give moderate water and light afternoon shade. A sturdy evergreen groundcover.

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Arctostaphylos uva-ursi 'Samoa Dunes'

(bearberry)

This Humboldt County selection of the ubiquitous bearberry distinguishes itself with large, rounded, glossy leaves of deep green. Reaching a height of about 6 inches and a width of at least 6 feet, this durable groundcover spreads quickly to form a weed-smothering carpet. Little urn-shaped flowers colored soft pink appear in spring and are followed by shiny red berries. Provide full sun to part shade and moderate to occasional irrigation once established. Protect from the hot afternoon sun in warmer areas. The shiny, dark green foliage combines well with grey-leaved plants such as Artemisia ‘David’s Choice’ and the fescue ‘Patrick’s Point’. 

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Arctostaphylos uva-ursi 'San Bruno Mountain'

(bearberry)

A beautiful selection of bearberry from San Bruno Mountain south of San Francisco. This groundcover manzanita forms a luxuriant mat of large, glossy, spatulate leaves spreading to around 6 feet wide. The soft pink urn-shaped flowers lead to big red showy berries.  A natural for coastal plantings where it can grow in full sun with little to no summer water needed. Inland, bearberry does best with shade from the hot afternoon sun and moderate summer watering.
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi 'Wood's Compact' bearberry
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Arctostaphylos uva-ursi 'Wood's Compact'

(bearberry)

A low growing, spreading manzanita with lustrous green, rounded foliage, little pink urn-shaped flowers and pretty red berries, quite large for the species. This selection from coastal Oregon spreads at a moderate pace to 6-8 feet wide and only getting 6-8 inches tall. Full sun to light shade in hot areas with moderate summer water.
Arctostaphylos virgata  Marin manzanita
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Arctostaphylos virgata

(Marin manzanita)

Plant description coming soon.
Arctostaphylos viscida  whiteleaf manzanita
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Arctostaphylos viscida

(whiteleaf manzanita)

Plant description coming soon.
Arctostaphylos x media 'Bokeya Pomo' manzanita
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Arctostaphylos x media 'Bokeya Pomo'

(manzanita)

From the rugged Mendocino coast comes this distinctive manzanita groundcover. Similar to the selection ‘Peter Ehrlich’ with its large, rounded, grey-green leaves but with a slightly more upright, sculptural form which is not quite as dense. Even though it will reach a width of at least 6 ft. over time and height of 2ft., it may take several years to do so.  Urn-shaped white flowers appear in the winter and are followed by round, green fruits in the spring.  Provide full sun to light shade and moderate to occasional irrigation once established.  Should be fairly drought tolerant once established.

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Arctostaphylos x media 'Humboldt Mystery'

(manzanita)

Arching branches and a mounding habit up to 5 ft. tall and 6 ft. wide distinguish this manzanita from its relatives. In winter, pinkish-white flowers provide nectar for hummingbirds and bees, followed by large, red berries in the autumn. Burnished red trunks display a colorful backdrop to the leathery, large, dark green leaves. Plant in full sun to light shade and provide moderate to infrequent irrigation. James Roof of Tilden Botanic Garden discovered this unusual selection somewhere on the Humboldt Coast, but, true to his enigmatic character, refused to say where he found it. It is believed to be a natural cross between bearberry and the hairy manzanita.

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Arctostaphylos x media 'Peter Ehrlich'

(manzanita)

This unusual manzanita from the southern Mendocino coast features what may be the largest leaves of any of the groundcover manzanitas. The round, grey-green foliage mounds densely over time to reach a height of about 3 ft. and a width of up to 8 ft. Clusters of white flowers gather at branch tips in winter, followed by little apple-like fruits in the spring.  While fairly adaptable in the garden, decent drainage is best and full sun to light shade.  Accepting of moderate irrigation but will become quite drought tolerant once established.
Arctostaphylos x media - Point Arena forms  manzanita
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Arctostaphylos x media - Point Arena forms

(manzanita)

This special and diverse group of manzanitas come from Point Arena on the southern Mendocino Coast. These naturally occurring hybrids involve at least two species: A. uva-ursi, A. columbiana and sometimes A. nummularia. The resulting offspring have wonderfully varying features. The leaves range from large, light-green, and fuzzy to small, dark-green and glossy. The plants can form a mounding habit reaching up to 4 feet tall or hug the ground to form dense mats. Plant in full sun to light shade and give moderate to infrequent irrigation once established. Plants grown in hot areas will benefit from extra irrigation and some afternoon shade.

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Arctostaphylos x media - Tilden form

(manzanita)

This big-leaved selection was discovered at Point Arena on the southern Mendocino coast by Steve Edwards of Tilden Botanic Garden. Distinctive for its large, hairy, apple-green leaves and low, dense form only reaching up to about a foot in height and at least 6 ft. in width. Clusters of white flowers appear in spring followed by round, bright green fruits. Plant in full sun to light shade and provide moderate to occasional irrigation once established. Should be quite drought tolerant once established.
Aristolochia californica  Dutchman's pipe vine
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Aristolochia californica

(Dutchman's pipe vine)

Dutchman’s pipe vine is an interesting vine native to river, stream side and woodland habitats. Soft heart-shaped leaves and unusual purplish pipe-shaped flowers bloom in early spring. This deciduous twining plant will need some support if you wish it to grow upwards. Adaptable, but best with a little shade and moderate water. Slow to establish, we offer this adage to encourage patience: “The first year it sleeps, the second year it creeps and the third year it leaps”. Once established it will put on ample growth, easily covering a trellis or chain link fence. THE larval food source for the pipevine swallowtail butterfly. Deer resistant.
Armeria maritima ssp. californica  sea thrift
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Armeria maritima ssp. californica

(sea thrift)

Grown from northern California seed source, this coastal native is a sturdy perennial with grass-like blades in compact clumps. Pink pompom flowers on long stems bloom spring into summer. A natural along the coast where it grows in full sun, needing a little shade in hotter regions. Moderate to little water with decent drainage.  Excellent for rock gardens. Deer resistant.
Artemisia californica  California sagebrush
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Artemisia californica

(California sagebrush)

Native to coastal regions from Northern California to Baja. Densely branched shrub with finely divided gray-green scented foliage. Grows 2 - 4 ft. tall and wide. Light pruning or pinching help keep it dense. Grown for its wonderful texture and foliage color, flowers are inconspicuous. Requires decent drainage and full sun. Thrives in coastal environments, but has performed well inland, especially on slopes where cold air and winter wet drains away. Drought and deer tolerant.
Artemisia californica 'Canyon Gray' prostrate California sagebrush
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Artemisia californica 'Canyon Gray'

(prostrate California sagebrush)

An unusual prostrate form of our coastal native sagebrush, forming a loose, nearly flat mat of finely cut, silvery, fragrant foliage around 4 ft. wide. Useful as a bank cover or for the top of a retaining wall where it can cascade over the edge. Combines beatifully with ceanothus, buckwheats and iris. Should be cut back from time to time to keep dense. Enjoys full sun to light shade and is very drought tolerant once established. Deer resistant.
Artemisia californica 'Montara' California sagebrush
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Artemisia californica 'Montara'

(California sagebrush)

Selected by Roger Raiche at Montara Ridge in San Mateo County. Forms a mound of finely cut fragrant foliage to around 2 ft. tall by 3 ft. (or more) wide. Requires full sun with decent drainage and is drought tolerant once established. Occasional summer water helps retain fresh look. Thrives in coastal environments. Deer resistant.

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Artemisia douglasiana

(mugwort)

Mugwort is native to many plant communities where there is at least some year round moisture: streams and riverbanks, road cuts, ditches, and moist meadows. A stout, rhizomatous perennial with aromatic foliage that is green on top and silvery beneath. The flowers are small and not particularly showy. The foliage is beautiful and fragrant with a long history of medicinal uses. Plant in sun to light shade where it will grow 3 ft. tall and spreading to form a colony. Well watered plants can grow even taller. Provides excellent cover and seeds for birds. Deer resistant.
Artemisia pycnocephala  sandhill sage
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Artemisia pycnocephala

(sandhill sage)

Plant description coming soon.
Artemisia pycnocephala 'David's Choice' sandhill sage
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Artemisia pycnocephala 'David's Choice'

(sandhill sage)

An exceptionally fine selection of a coastal native. Forms a dense silky mound of silvery foliage 4 - 6 inches tall and up to 2 ft. wide. The floppy flowering stems rise a foot above the foliage and are interesting but not real showy. Shear back for longer life. Sun and drought tolerant. Deer resistant.
Artemisia pycnocephala 'Dr. Seuss' sandhill sage
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Artemisia pycnocephala 'Dr. Seuss'

(sandhill sage)

In deference to this selection’s whimsical form, we have named it in honor of the children’s author who truly embodies “whimsical”. Soft, silvery, ferny foliage slowly spreads across the ground on woody branches with unusually tall flower stalks reaching up to 3 feet in height. As the stalks arise, the base is thickly covered in the showy foliage, getting narrower as it approaches the flower buds, giving the plant its unusual form. The small flowers are pale yellow and open in late spring and into summer. Provide good drainage and plant in full sun to light shade. Deer resistant.
Artemisia suksdorfii  coastal mugwort
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Artemisia suksdorfii

(coastal mugwort)

Rhizomatous perennial with sturdy upright stems of whitish-gray felted foliage. Native to coastal California where it grows in seasonal drainages near the ocean. Growing 1 1/2 ft. to 3 ft. tall and spreading to form small colonies of beautiful wooly foliage with a pleasant sage scent. The tiny flowers are not particularly showy but are attractive to pollinators. Useful in informal gardens for sunny areas with some summer moisture. Probably best in areas with some coastal influence. Cut to the ground annually to freshen and make room for new spring growth. Deer resistant.
Aruncus dioicus  goat's beard
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Aruncus dioicus

(goat's beard)

Native to stream sides and moist woods from Mendocino County, California north to Alaska.  A bold and showy perennial looking like a giant astilbe. Forms dense clumps of finely divided foliage with arching, feathery plumes of white flowers 3-5 ft. tall in summer. Requires regular moisture and part shade where it makes a striking specimen or accent plant in the woodland garden. Dies back to its roots in winter. The frothy flower plumes attract an array of tiny little pollinators and the seed heads on female plants are an important food source for birds. Said to be deer resistant.
Asarum caudatum  wild ginger
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Asarum caudatum

(wild ginger)

Native to the deep shade of forest floors, this evergreen perennial forms a handsome low groundcover. Deep green, heart shaped leaves hide the unusual flowers which are maroon with long spidery tails. The ginger scented leaves are deer resistant. For shade with moisture.
Asarum caudatum 'Alba' white-flowered wild ginger
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Asarum caudatum 'Alba'

(white-flowered wild ginger)

An interesting form of the native, shade loving wild ginger. Calling the flowers white is a stretch, they are more of a wasabi-green rather than the usual maroon color of the species. The intriguing long tailed flowers are hidden beneath the glossy heart shaped leaves and would need to be planted on a wall, slope or container to make them easier to view. Wild ginger prefers shade and moisture where it will form a low spreading groundcover.
Asarum marmoratum  marbled wild ginger
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Asarum marmoratum

(marbled wild ginger)

Plant description coming soon.
Asclepias fascicularis  narrowleaf milkweed
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Asclepias fascicularis

(narrowleaf milkweed)

Our most common native milkweed is found in meadows and on the banks above ponds. Its flowers are held in umbels of a pale mauve color. They form at the top of 1 - 3 ft. tall slender stems that die back in winter to a perennial rootstock. Its wandering roots form small colonies. Drought tolerant, it prefers seasonally moist soils and likes moderate water in the garden. The narrow leaves are the preferred larval food for the Monarch Butterfly. Full sun to part shade. Unlikely to be bothered by deer.
Asclepias speciosa  showy milkweed
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Asclepias speciosa

(showy milkweed)

Bold and beautiful native milkweed forms a large patch of tall stems with broad pale green leaves. Fragrant clusters of pinkish-purple flowers followed by interesting seed pods. Spreads by underground shoots. Great in semidry naturalistic plantings. Host to Monarch butterflies. Deer resistant.
Aster (Symphyotrichum)  'Bill's Big Blue' aster
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Aster (Symphyotrichum) 'Bill's Big Blue'

(aster)

This vigorous aster is from the late Bay Area nurseryman Ed Carman. Sturdy, erect stems 4 ft. or more tall, clothed in narrow deep green leaves. Flowers profusely, late in the season with medium blue daisies. This beauty can really spread, forming broad clumps. Can be invasive. A wonderful late nectar source for bees and butterflies.
Aster (Symphyotrichum)  'Fanny's'
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Aster (Symphyotrichum) 'Fanny's'

One of our last to bloom, this Aster is smothered in one inch blue daisies in Autumn. Grows 3 -4 ft. tall and wide.  Easy and dependable, in full sun with regular to moderate summer water. Awesome pollinator plant attracting all sorts of bees and butterflies.    
Aster (Symphyotrichum)  'Little Carlow' aster
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Aster (Symphyotrichum) 'Little Carlow'

(aster)

Quickly becoming a favorite, this aster grows to about 4 ft. tall. Rich lavender-blue daisies cover this plant in late summer. Best with regular water in full sun. A butterfly favorite - highly attractive to all sorts of pollinators.

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Aster (Symphyotrichum) 'Raydon's Favorite'

(aromatic aster)

A fine late blooming Aster thought to be from eastern Tennessee, with compact aromatic foliage and dazzling bright blue-purple daisies. Forms a dense mound 18 – 24 inches tall and wide, with flowers nearly covering the foliage when in full bloom. Plant in full sun with regular to moderate summer water. Highly attractive to bees and butterflies. Deer resistant.    

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Aster (Symphyotrichum) chilensis

(California aster)

This native aster is found throughout much of Sonoma County, usually in moist soils. Here its form is far more slender or gracile than the burly Point St. George clone. It spreads as widely as the previously mentioned clone but with a lighter touch, integrating itself well with native grasses and bulbs. Its summer to fall blossoms are white to lavender blue and provide excellent nectar for butterflies and beneficial insects. 1-2 ft. tall and spreading. Sun to light shade. Moderate to little summer irrigation.
Aster (Symphyotrichum) chilensis 'Point Saint George' California aster
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Aster (Symphyotrichum) chilensis 'Point Saint George'

(California aster)

A low growing vigorous native perennial, reaching up to 6 inches in height and spreading widely and aggressively. Covered with soft lavender daisies over a long period, summer through fall, often into winter. Careful thought should be given to its placement, this plant really spreads. Far too vigorous for many settings, perhaps best used in large containers or contained areas or in large, naturalistic plantings. For sunny areas with at least a little summer water. Will tolerate flooding and periodic inundation. An excellent nectar source for bees and butterflies and seeds for birds.
Aster (Symphyotrichum) chilensis 'Purple Haze' California aster
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Aster (Symphyotrichum) chilensis 'Purple Haze'

(California aster)

A Santa Barbara Botanic Garden selection of the coast aster which offers a deeper shade of lavender blossoms than normally seen. Blooms late summer through fall and often into winter with 1 inch medium-lavender daisies opening from dark purple buds. Grows 1 - 3 ft. high and SPREADS VIGOROUSLY by rhizomes. Use this to advantage to stabilize soils, as a ground cover or in a large scale meadow planting where it tolerates many soil types in full sun to light shade. Appreciates some summer water though it is drought tolerant. Keeping it dryish will slow its spread. An easy to grow bee and butterfly favorite.   
Aster (Symphyotrichum) divaricatus - Raiche form  wood aster
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Aster (Symphyotrichum) divaricatus - Raiche form

(wood aster)

Native to eastern North American woodlands, this useful perennial will light up a shady area with its profusion of one inch white daisies in late summer. This form, selected by Roger Raiche, has larger flowers than the standard A. divaricatus. They are held on lovely, dark, wiry stems that grow just under 2 ft. tall over spreading mats of foliage to 2 ft. wide.Plant in light shade with moderate to regular summer water. Will tolerate dryish conditions once established. Aster's are attractive to pollinators.
Aster (Symphyotrichum) ericoides 'Monte Cassino' white heath aster
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Aster (Symphyotrichum) ericoides 'Monte Cassino'

(white heath aster)

We got this vigorous aster from a cut flower grower - the sprays of small white daisies make excellent “cuts”. The plant grows 3 - 4 ft. tall and almost as wide, blooms toward the end of summer, profusely. Easy to grow - full sun, regular watering to look its best, but fairly thrifty in heavy soils. The asters are bee and butterfly favorites. 
Aster (Symphyotrichum) lateriflorus 'Lady in Black' aster
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Aster (Symphyotrichum) lateriflorus 'Lady in Black'

(aster)

Here’s a beautiful cultivar of a North American native. Forms colonies of purplish-black foliage 3 ft. or so tall and wide. Late summer and fall brings a profusion of tiny white daisies with pink centers. The nectar rich blossoms are highly attractive to pollinators of all sorts. Full sun and regular water, though fairly thrifty in heavy soils.
Aster (Symphyotrichum) lateriflorus 'Prince' aster
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Aster (Symphyotrichum) lateriflorus 'Prince'

(aster)

Beautiful purple-black foliage and sturdy upright stems 2 - 3 ft. tall. Small white daisies cover the plant in late summer. Similar to Aster ‘Lady in Black’ but it stays in small clumps rather than producing a colony. Sun and regular water.
Aster (Symphyotrichum) radulinus 'Gilliam Creek' rough-leaved aster
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Aster (Symphyotrichum) radulinus 'Gilliam Creek'

(rough-leaved aster)

Plant description coming soon.
Astragalus nuttalii var. nuttallii  ocean bluff milkvetch
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Astragalus nuttalii var. nuttallii

(ocean bluff milkvetch)

Plant description coming soon.
Athyrium filix-femina  lady fern
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Athyrium filix-femina

(lady fern)

Native to much of North America, lady fern grows in moist shady places. The newly emerging fiddleheads in the spring are particularly attractive. The graceful, delicate looking fronds grow 4 foot or more tall by 2 - 3 ft. wide. Lovely in a forest setting, as a background plant, or around a pond. Goes dormant in the winter. Plant in full to part shade with regular water.
Athyrium filix-femina 'Minutissimum' dwarf lady fern
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Athyrium filix-femina 'Minutissimum'

(dwarf lady fern)

A miniature form of the lovely lady fern, growing up to one foot tall and two feet wide. Forms compact mounds of finely divided light green fronds. Perfect for the small spaces, rock gardens or containers. A vigorous and hardy fern needing only shade and moisture to thrive. Dies back to the ground in the winter. The new unfurling fiddleheads adds charm in the spring. Deer resistant.  

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Atriplex lentiformis 'Naomi'

(quail bush)

Quail bush is a large evergreen shrub with attractive silver-gray foliage, native to salt flats, desert scrub and coastal areas of California, the Southwest US, and Northern Mexico. A tough shrub tolerant of poor, saline, or alkaline soils, often used in restoration or large plantings that can accommodate its size and spread. Excellent in dry gardens, hedgerow plantings and for erosion control where it grows quickly and is extremely drought tolerant once established. Growing 5 - 7 foot tall and wide, it can be clipped to keep dense and in bounds. 'Naomi' is a female selection of this dioecious shrub, selected for its allergy resistance due to the lack of pollen. Plant in full sun to light shade with moderate to little or no summer water once established. 
Atriplex lentiformis ssp. breweri  quail bush
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Atriplex lentiformis ssp. breweri

(quail bush)

This subspecies is the coastal form of quail bush, a tough and useful shrub with beautiful silvery gray foliage. Growing 4 ft. or more tall and spreading widely, quail bush is valued for its ability to deal with difficult sites where it tolerates wind, salt spray, saline and alkaline soils. A terrific habitat plant providing food and cover for a wide array of birds and mammals. Excellent for erosion control and is fire resistant. Benefits from annual shearing and occasional aggressive pruning to rejuvenate. Plant in full sun with occasional to little summer water.

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Baccharis 'Centennial'

(coyote bush, desert broom)

This tough evergreen is a hybrid between coyote bush, Baccharis pilularis and desert broom, Baccharis sarothroides and is extremely heat and drought tolerant. Growing 3 - 4  foot tall by 4 - 5 ft. wide with a mounding growth habit. An excellent choice for low maintenance areas, useful for erosion control on slopes and tough sites where it requires full sun and little water once established. Being a female selection, it produces small, inconspicuous creamy-white flowers followed by fluffy seeds. Good habitat plant offering cover for animals, nectar for pollinators and seeds for birds. Deer resistant.          
Baccharis magellanica  Christmas bush
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Baccharis magellanica

(Christmas bush)

Ground hugging evergreen shrub from Southern Chile. Bright-green, glossy foliage forms a low mat under a foot tall spreading to 4 ft. wide. Tiny cream-colored male flowers winter - spring attract pollinators. Plant in full sun to light shade with moderate to occasional water once established. Well behaved ground cover, tolerant of wind and dry conditions. Hardy to around 17 degrees.  
Baccharis pilularis  coyote bush
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Baccharis pilularis

(coyote bush)

This is the upright form of coyote bush, growing 4 - 8 ft. tall and wide. Valued for its ability to flourish in a wide range of conditions. Also valued as an excellent habitat plant offering food and cover to a wide variety of wildlife. Flowers are not showy and the male and female flowers are borne on separate shrubs. This crop of plants are a mix of males and females and one can’t tell until they bloom. Plant in sunn or light shade. Not fussy about soils. Quite drought tolerant once established. Responds well to pruning or shearing, working well as a screen. Deer resistant.

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Baccharis pilularis 'Al's Blue'

(coyote bush)

This form of coyote bush was selected and introduced by the Regional Parks Botanic Garden. Cuttings were collected south of Point Arena in Mendocino County, where it grew very low and dense. In cultivation it has mounded up to 4 feet tall and wider, growing into a dense weed smothering ground cover. The shrub's small green leaves start out lime green acquiring a blue cast upon maturity, hence the name. Coyote bush is an easy to grow shrub, adaptable to a wide range of conditions and soil types. Best in sun to light shade, decent drainage with occasional summer water, especially inland. An excellent habitat plant offering food and cover for a wide range of wildlife, though deer do not eat it.
Baccharis pilularis 'Pigeon Point' dwarf coyote bush
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Baccharis pilularis 'Pigeon Point'

(dwarf coyote bush)

Adaptable and dependable low growing form of the native coyote bush. Forms a mound of bright green leaves with an undulating habit 2 - 3 ft. tall and 6-8 ft. wide. Able to tolerate many soil types and watering regimes this shrub is best in full sun to light shade. Extremely drought tolerant along the coast but best with moderate to occasional summer water inland. When watered and annually trimmed to keep low and free of debris it is recommended for fire resistance landscapes.  A good addition to the habitat garden, coyote bush offers excellent cover to a wide variety of wildlife.  ‘Pigeon Point’ is a male selection and does not make seed. Deer resistant.
Baccharis pilularis 'Twin Peaks' dwarf coyote bush
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Baccharis pilularis 'Twin Peaks'

(dwarf coyote bush)

One of the fastest, toughest, densest evergreen native large scale groundcovers. Discovered on Twin Peaks in San Francisco. Grows easily to 8 ft. wide and 2 - 3 ft. tall. Extremely drought tolerant along the coast but best with moderate to occasional summer water inland. Shear hard annually in spring to keep rejuvenated. Sun on coast, afternoon shade inland. This is a male selection so it won't produce seeds. Deer don’t seem to eat it.    
Baccharis pilularis - female  coyote bush
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Baccharis pilularis - female

(coyote bush)

Upright form of coyote brush, growing 4 - 8 ft. tall and wide. Valued for its ability to flourish in a wide range of conditions. Also valued as an excellent habitat plant offering food and cover to a wide variety of wildlife. Flowers are not showy and the male and female flowers are borne on separate shrubs. Theses plants are FEMALE and will produce seed (when male plants are present).  An abundance of pollinators and beneficial insects use Baccharis flowers and birds love their seeds.  Plant in sun to light shade. Not fussy about soils. Quite drought tolerant once established. Responds well to pruning or shearing and is useful as a screen. Deer resistant.    
Baccharis pilularis - male  coyote bush
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Baccharis pilularis - male

(coyote bush)

Upright form of coyote brush, growing 4 - 8 ft. tall and wide. Valued for its ability to flourish in a wide range of conditions. Also valued as an excellent habitat plant offering food and cover to a wide variety of wildlife. Flowers are not showy and the male and female flowers are borne on separate shrubs. These plants are MALE and produce ivory colored flowers with pollen and nectar.  An abundance of pollinators and beneficial insects use Baccharis flowers.  Plant in sun to light shade. Not fussy about soils. Quite drought tolerant once established. Responds well to pruning or shearing and is useful as a screen. Deer resistant.  
Begonia sutherlandii  hardy begonia
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Begonia sutherlandii

(hardy begonia)

We have had this charming Begonia in our collection for over 20 years. This tuburous begonia cascades and spills, happily blooming over much of the summer into fall with masses of soft orange blossoms. Forms an arching mound about 12 inches tall by 18 inches to 2 ft. wide. Dies back to it's roots in winter, returning for us dependably year after year. An excellent container subject for part shade with moisture. Native to Tanzania where it is a denizen of damp shady places. Hardy to around 10 degrees.  

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Berberis (Mahonia) aquifolium

(Oregon grape)

This attractive, western native evergreen has a long history in cultivation for good reason. Erect stems rise 5 foot or more tall, spreading slowly by underground rhizomes to form dense clumps. Bronzy-red new growth gives way to dark-green, glossy leaves with spiny margins that are prickly to the touch. Cold winters can darken the foliage with purple-red tones. Late spring brings clusters of bright yellow, sweetly scented flowers.  Edible blue-black fruits follow and are pretty and tasty.  A useful and adaptable shrub in a hedge or a shrubby border. Takes full sun to part shade. Performs best with some afternoon shade in hot areas and moderate to infrequent water. A great habitat plant which provides cover, nectar rich flowers and fruits relished by all. Deer resistant.  

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Berberis (Mahonia) aquifolium var. repens

(creeping Oregon grape)

This little cousin of the much larger Oregon grape only gets 1 - 3 ft. tall and spreads underground to create dense, evergreen drifts. The divided leaves have a matte finish with a grey-green color which turns purple-red with frost. Clusters of bright yellow flowers open in spring and are followed by deep blue "grapes" much loved by birds. The sweet-scented flowers are enjoyed by bees and butterflies. Provide full sun to shade and moderate to infrequent irrigation. Deer resistant.  
Berberis (Mahonia) nervosa  longleaf mahonia
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Berberis (Mahonia) nervosa

(longleaf mahonia)

A handsome species with especially long, leathery, evergreen leaves. Grows to around 2 ft. tall (sometimes more) and spreads by underground stems. Yellow flowers in spring are born in upright clusters, followed by blue berries. Great woodland groundcover for full or partial shade with occasional to regular summer water. Deer resistant. Fruits eaten by robins, finches and towhees. The flowers have nectar for hummingbirds and bees.
Berberis (Mahonia) nervosa var. mendocinoensis  Mendocino longleaf mahonia
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Berberis (Mahonia) nervosa var. mendocinoensis

(Mendocino longleaf mahonia)

The rare Mendocino longleaf mahonia comes from moist coniferous forests around Fort Bragg. Differs from the more diminutive longleaf mahonia in its unusual size: growing slowly to 5 ft tall or more and spreading to form narrow colonies. The pointed, leathery, deep green leaves, bronzy orange when young, provide a striking contrast to the bright yellow flower clusters produced in the spring. Attractive deep purple berries are a food source for birds. Needs shade and moderate moisture. Deer resistant.
Berberis (Mahonia) nevinii  Nevin's barberry
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Berberis (Mahonia) nevinii

(Nevin's barberry)

Nevin's barberry is a very rare southern California shrub with rigidly arching stems densely clothed in pointy silver gray leaflets. Heavy blooming with clear yellow flowers followed by heavy fruiting with bright red translucent fruit. 8 ft. by 8 ft. Does well in sunny well drained locations in the Bay Area. Great companion to matilija poppy and Salvia clevelandii. Very drought tolerant but best with occasional water. Deer resistant.
Berberis (Mahonia) pinnata 'Ken Hartman' shiny leaf mahonia
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Berberis (Mahonia) pinnata 'Ken Hartman'

(shiny leaf mahonia)

Similar to Oregon grape (Mahonia aquifolium) but leaves are more crinkly and spiny. New growth often shows lots of red and orange. Grows upright to 6 ft. or more, particularly in ideal coastal sites. Handles drought better than the Oregon grape. Tolerates sun to shade. Best with a little shade in hot areas. Fruits eaten by robins, finches and towhees. The flowers have nectar for hummingbirds and bees. Deer resistant.
Bidens ferulifolia  gold carpet bur marigold
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Bidens ferulifolia

(gold carpet bur marigold)

Vigorous and long blooming carefree plant native to Southwest U.S. In frost free areas will bloom nearly year round. A great performer in colder regions too, where it can be treated as an annual or tender perennial. Provides a full summers worth of golden yellow daisies over finely dissected dark green foliage. Forms a compact mat under a foot tall by 18 inches wide. Plant in full sun with moderate summer water. Cut back occasionally to renew. May reseed. Excellent pollen and nectar source for bees, butterflies, and other beneficial insects. Deer resistant.  
Blechnum spicant  deer fern
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Blechnum spicant

(deer fern)

A beautiful and charming fern native to moist coastal forests of northern California. Deep green glossy, narrow fronds are of two strikingly different forms. The outer skirt of fronds is evergreen. The central "fertile" fronds are stiffly erect and airy. It makes for a striking effect. Grows 18" to 2 ft. tall and wide. Best with partial shade to shade and regular moisture.

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Bouteloua gracilis

(blue grama grass)

Here’s a wonderful grass - an important species of the original North American shortgrass prairie. In California it occurs in desert regions. Fine textured light green-gray foliage topped with interesting flowers 8 - 24” tall. The flowers are attached to the stem at right angles and resemble tiny combs. The whole plant turns purple with frost then fades to blonde. Use in mass or as a specimen in rock garden or containers. Often suggested for a mowed or unmowed lawn where it tolerates extreme cold, heat, drought and foot traffic. Deer resistant.
Bouteloua  gracilis 'Blonde Ambition' blue grama grass
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Bouteloua gracilis 'Blonde Ambition'

(blue grama grass)

An exceptionally robust selection of grama grass, with 2-1/2 to 3 ft. tall flowering stems above the narrow grey-green tufts of foliage, forming clumps up to 3 ft. wide. The curious flowers look like tiny brushes on tall stems, start out chartreuse aging to blonde. They are persistent and will hold on through winter providing many months of ornamental interest. Retains some green foliage in winter in mild areas, goes winter dormant in hot inland situations. Native to the North American shortgrass prairie, this is a rugged species enduring heat, drought, cold, a wide range of soil types and even foot traffic. An excellent water conserving grass for full sun. Deer resistant.
Boykinia  occidentalis  brook saxifrage
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Boykinia occidentalis

(brook saxifrage)

Clusters of dainty white flowers and glossy dark green leaves make the brook saxifrage a wonderful addition to the moist shade garden. Flowers open in the spring on arching stems up to a foot tall. May continue to bloom into autumn. The round, serrated leaves form low mounds up to 2 feet wide. Tolerates heavy soil and may seed around.  Will grow in part to heavy shade. Needs regular moisture.
Brodiaea elegans  harvest brodiaea
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Brodiaea elegans

(harvest brodiaea)

From grassy meadows and open woodlands comes this drought tolerant and colorful wildflower. Open clusters of dainty violet flowers sit atop stems reaching up from 4 to 16 inches in height. Plant in full sun to bright shade and provide decent drainage. As the name suggests, the harvest Brodiaea is the latest blooming of the Brodiaeas, sometimes not flowering until the end of summer after the grass-like leaves have gone dormant. It spreads rapidly but not invasively to form broad drifts. After blooming, this bulb will sleep until the return of winter rains. Do not irrigate. An excellent candidate for the rock garden where it's graceful form will contrast wonderfully with the rigid stone.

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Bupleurum fruticosum

(shrubby hare's ear)

Handsome evergreen shrub from Southern Europe with leathery blue- green foliage growing 4-6 ft. tall and wide. Long lasting, airy umbels of greenish-yellow flowers decorate the branch tips in late spring-early summer. An excellent addition to habitat gardens where the flowers are highly attractive to a number of predatory insects that feed on aphids and other garden pests. Useful shrub as a specimen, border plant, or screen where it grows in sun to light shade with moderate to low water needs. Amenable to pruning.Deer resistant.
Calamagrostis acutiflora 'Karl Foerster' feather reed grass
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Calamagrostis acutiflora 'Karl Foerster'

(feather reed grass)

Feather reed grass is a beautiful, flowering ornamental grass valued for its wonderful vertical form and showy flower spikes. Deep green blades are 2 - 3 ft. tall; slender flower stalks rise 2 - 3 ft. above foliage. Looks wonderful as a specimen or in mass. Best in sun with moderate water. Deer resistant.
Calamagrostis foliosa  Cape Mendocino reed grass
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Calamagrostis foliosa

(Cape Mendocino reed grass)

A beautiful native grass offering a very useful size and form for the landscape. Growing one foot tall by 18 inches wide with beautiful arching mounds of blue-grey blades often highlighted with purple tones. Spring brings flower spikes on arching stems with tight silvery- purple heads that turn tawny with age. A natural for coastal climates with good drainage and moderate to occasional watering, where it will tolerate wind and salt spray.  In warmer interior sites it requires some shade and additional water.  Excellent as a specimen or in mass, in a rock garden, perennial border, meadow,  woodland margin or slope.  Deer resistant.

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Calamagrostis koelerioides

(tufted pine grass)

An uncommon but widely distributed mid-sized native grass appearing in meadows and on rocky ridges throughout California.  The soft green leaves reach a height of up to 2 ft. tall and will slowly spread to create a small clump.  Narrow, feathery grass flowers reach 2 - 3 ft. high in summer and age to a pale tan color.  Since this grass is new to us and we don't know of any other nurseries who have grown it we are uncertain of it's requirements.  Based on this species' habitat in nature, we would recommend providing it full sun to light shade and moderate to infrequent irrigation with excellent drainage.  Deer resistant.  
Calamagrostis nutkaensis  Pacific reed grass
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Calamagrostis nutkaensis

(Pacific reed grass)

A large handsome bunch grass from the coastal regions of Monterey County to Alaska that forms huge tussocks in open moist meadows and on coastal bluffs. It can also be found as an understory at the edges of coniferous forests. Wide green blades grow 2 - 3 ft. tall with flowering culms to 4 ft. Good background or accent plant for the woodland or meadow. Will take full sun in somewhat cooler areas. Best with some summer water and partial shade inland. Deer resistant.
Calamagrostis nutkaensis 'The King' Pacific reed grass
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Calamagrostis nutkaensis 'The King'

(Pacific reed grass)

Large, handsome, evergreen native bunch grass selected by Roger Raiche in the King Range on the North Coast. Big bold deep green foliage and robust form 3 - 4 ft. tall and wide. Flower stalks rise a foot or two above the foliage. Good background or accent for woodland or partly shaded meadow. Will take full sun in somewhat cooler areas. Best with some summer water. Deer resistant.
Calamagrostis ophitidis  serpentine reed grass
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Calamagrostis ophitidis

(serpentine reed grass)

This handsome native bunchgrass deserves special attention for its tidy, upright form and sturdy character. A rare and threatened species from serpentine areas along our central coast, serpentine reed grass performs well in full sun but may need afternoon shade in hot, inland locations. The leaves reach a height of between one and two feet with flower spikes rising up to three feet tall. Does best with decent drainage and moderate summer water. Deer resistant.
Calamagrostis rubescens  pine grass
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Calamagrostis rubescens

(pine grass)

Native to wooded areas throughout the West, this slowly spreading grass forms dense drifts excellent for naturalizing in bright shade. The foliage reaches a height of about 12 inches with narrow inflorescences rising another 12 inches or so. While drought tolerant, it enjoys an occasional watering. Works well under oaks.  Deer resistant.

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Calamagrostis stricta ssp. inexpansa

(slipstem reed grass)

  Attractive apple-green leaves and a tidy appearance make this mid-sized reed grass very useful for the native garden.  The broad leaves reach a height and width of about 2ft. with inflorescences rising another foot.  Plant in full sun to light shade and water regularly.  Very rare in Sonoma County and uncommon throughout Northern California.  Deer resistant.  
Calamintha nepetoides  calamint
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Calamintha nepetoides

(calamint)

 A pretty little mint relative, forming a rounded shrublet of shiny bright green foliage to around 1’ tall. Covered with hundreds of tiny pale blue - nearly white blossoms over a long period in summer. Good for full sun to light shade with moderate watering. Bee magnet. Deer resistant.
Callistemon sieberi  river bottlebrush
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Callistemon sieberi

(river bottlebrush)

Native to Australia where it grows in creek beds, this evergreen shrub is tolerant of both wet and dry conditions.Forms a fountain-like shrub with narrow leaves 6 ft. or so tall and wide. Creamy-yellow bottle-brush like flowers in the spring and are attractive to hummingbirds. Can develop an interesting twisting habit with time. Plant in full sun to light shade with moderate to occasional water. Drought tolerant once established. Deer resistant.  
Calocedrus decurrens  incense cedar
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Calocedrus decurrens

(incense cedar)

Cinnamon colored bark and a distinctly conical form distinguish this lovely conifer known for its appealing woodsy scent. Bright green, scale-like leaves drape from the ends of branches in dense clusters with small, flattened cones.Native to rocky areas throughout California. Slowly grows to become a large tree not suitable for a small garden. Requires decent drainage and occasional deep waterings when young. Enjoys full to part sun.Striking when planted as a single specimen or when combined with broadleaved trees such as maples and oaks. Deer resistant.
Calycanthus occidentalis  western spice bush
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Calycanthus occidentalis

(western spice bush)

Native along streams, rivers and moist places in California. This attractive deciduous shrub is well worth growing. Bright green aromatic foliage with interesting maroon-red flowers in spring-summer that resemble small waterlilies and have a wine-like fragrance. Can be grown as a multi-stemmed small tree, trimmed hedge or left alone to become a large background shrub. 5 - 12 ft. tall and wide. Part-shade is ideal.  Tolerates full sun with lots of moisture in somewhat cooler areas.  Accepts full shade but will grow more slowly with a more open habit. Regular to moderate water. Somewhat deer resistant.
Calystegia purpurata ssp. purpurata  purple western morning glory
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Calystegia purpurata ssp. purpurata

(purple western morning glory)

Lush, slender-stemmed vine with gray-green heart-shaped leaves scrambles up, over, or through any support provided. From late spring through early summer the plant is decorated with trumpet-shaped blossoms ranging in color from white to pink to purple. This deciduous vine can grow up to 10 ft. tall and wide. Sun to light shade, most soils, moderate to occasional watering for best appearance. Native throughout the Coast Range of California.
Calystegia purpurata ssp. purpurata 'Palomarin' purple western morning glory
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Calystegia purpurata ssp. purpurata 'Palomarin'

(purple western morning glory)

Plant description coming soon.
Camassia leichtlinii  Camas
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Camassia leichtlinii

(Camas)

Plant description coming soon.
Campanula garganica 'Dickson's Gold' golden Adriatic bellflower
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Campanula garganica 'Dickson's Gold'

(golden Adriatic bellflower)

Brighten your garden with this gorgeous golden perennial. Forms a tight mat of bright golden foliage 3 - 6 inches tall and slowly spreading to form a small mat. Clear blue upward facing, star-shaped flowers on trailing stems in early summer. Excellent small scale accent plant for the rock garden, wall or container planting. Best with light shade and regular water.
Campanula garganica 'W. H. Payne' Adriatic bellflower
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Campanula garganica 'W. H. Payne'

(Adriatic bellflower)

Rich, true blue flowers with a prominent white eye - blooming over a long period in early summer, sometimes longer in cooler regions. A good small scale groundcover or wall plant. Does well in containers too. Requires protection from hot sun with regular water.
Campanula muralis  (C. portenschlagiana) Dalmatian bellflower
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Campanula muralis (C. portenschlagiana)

(Dalmatian bellflower)

This low growing evergreen perennial is native to the Dalmation Mountains of Croatia. Free flowering, trailing plant, growing 6 inches tall by around 24 inches wide. Late spring brings a  profusion of violet-blue bell-shaped flowers that cover the small deep-green scalloped leaves. Perfect as a small scale ground cover for lightly shaded areas with regular to moderate watering. Can grow in full sun on the coast, but prefers shade from the hot afternoon sun. Can spill over walls or containers. An easy care flowering accent.    
Campanula poscharskyana  Serbian bellflower
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Campanula poscharskyana

(Serbian bellflower)

Vigorous, easy to grow perennial for part shade and some moisture. Useful as a small scale groundcover, spilling over walls or in hanging baskets. Lavender-blue star shaped flowers cover foliage in spring-summer.
Campanula poscharskyana 'Blue Waterfall' Serbian bellflower
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Campanula poscharskyana 'Blue Waterfall'

(Serbian bellflower)

A Blooms of Bressingham selection of a vigorous spreading perennial for lightly shaded areas. Forms low mounds of foliage 8 -10 inches tall and spreading, topped with a profusion of lavender-blue star shaped flowers spring to early summer. The cascading habit is perfect  as a small scale ground cover, for borders and rock gardens, spilling down walls or in containers.  Likes regular moisture but once established somewhat thrifty. Flowers visited by bees and hummingbirds.
Campanula prenanthoides  California harebell
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Campanula prenanthoides

(California harebell)

Plant description coming soon.
Cardamine californica  milk maids
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Cardamine californica

(milk maids)

One of California's most widespread and earliest spring wildflowers, often beginning to bloom in the winter. Found in somewhat shady locations in a number of plant communities, this slender perennial has rounded basal leaves. Flower stems 10 inches to 20 inches tall are topped with four petaled flowers of pure white to soft pink. This sweet harbinger of spring is easy to grow given a little shade and winter rain. After flowering and setting seed it dies back to it's roots where it goes dormant until next year's rains awaken it. Good under oaks.
Carex amplifolia  bigleaf sedge
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Carex amplifolia

(bigleaf sedge)

Plant description coming soon.
Carex barbarae  basket sedge
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Carex barbarae

(basket sedge)

Widely distributed native sedge that is an important traditional basket fiber plant. Bright green sharp blades in clumps 1 - 3 ft. tall and spreading. Oval-shaped tufts of small reddish-brown flowers on spikes at the tip of the flowering stems. An attractive sedge, though it can be invasive. For sunny or partly shaded areas with regular to moderate moisture. Drought tolerant in clay soils or with some shade.  Handsome container plant too. Often used in bio swales and riparian restoration. Deer resistant.
Carex conica 'Snowline'
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Carex conica 'Snowline'

Sturdy little variegated sedge with silvery-white edged blades. Evergreen mound only 6 inches tall by about 8 inches wide. Useful in rock gardens, container plantings or as a groundcover. Prefers part shade with moisture. Competes well with tree roots. Deer resistant.
Carex densa  dense sedge
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Carex densa

(dense sedge)

While uncommon in nurseries, this semi-evergreen sedge forms green tussocks which are very useful in seasonally moist meadows and open woodlands. Elongated, chunky seed heads rise above the dense leaf blades on slender stalks up to 2 ½ ft. tall. The foliage reaches 1 to 2 ft. high and slowly spreads to form small clumps. Useful for smaller gardens where you want a sedge that doesn’t spread super vigorously. Tolerates summer drought in somewhat heavier soils. A little extra irrigation will keep this sedge more evergreen. Native to much of California and north to Washington. Deer resistant.

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Carex flacca 'Blue Zinger'

(carnation grass)

Sturdy evergreen groundcover, slowly spreading by rhizomes to form a thick mat of  glaucous-blue blades, 10 - 20 inches tall by 2 ft. wide. Thrives in part shade with moderate summer water, though once established it will tolerate some drought. Dry conditions will effect it's height and spread. An adaptable fine textured spreader that competes with tree roots and is deer resistant.
Carex globosa  round-fruit sedge
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Carex globosa

(round-fruit sedge)

Here is a sturdy and useful woodland sedge native to well-drained soils in wooded areas. Grows 6 - 12 inches tall and spreads slowly to form bright green tussocks. Useful as a filler among shrubs or trees in filtered shade where it tolerates drought; but some summer water will keep it looking fresh for longer. Great under oaks. Deer resistant.
Carex mertensii  Mertens' sedge
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Carex mertensii

(Mertens' sedge)

This is one of our most ornamental native sedges, forming clumps up to 2 ft. wide with gracefully arching leaves radiating out from the center. Tall flower stalks reaching up to 3 ft. high sit well above the foliage with dangling, soft, fuzzy inflorescences perched elegantly from the tips. The Mertens’ sedge hales from moist meadows and bright woodlands in the Klamath Mountains of Northern California, but does well in lowland climates as long as it is kept moist. Plant in light shade. Combines beautifully with columbines, angelicas, cardinal and seep monkeyflowers, and fringecups. Will go dormant in winter, only to remerge with lush green growth in the spring. Deer resistant. 
Carex nudata  torrent sedge
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Carex nudata

(torrent sedge)

Native to below the high water mark along perennial water courses. Forms a bright green, dense, arching mound with interesting black flowers in spring. Best in moist soils, full sun to light shade. 1 - 2 1/2 ft. tall and wide. Lovely yellow fall color in colder locations. Winter deciduous. Beautiful in containers too. Deer resistant.
Carex obnupta  slough sedge
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Carex obnupta

(slough sedge)

From moist coastal sites to shady redwood forests comes this tall sedge, one of the tallest of our native sedges. Spreads vigorously to form dense drifts up to 4 feet in height. One of the more shade tolerant sedges, the slough sedge can grow under the darkness of a redwood canopy but will also accept full sun as long as it has access to moisture. A great plant for naturalizing in moist areas. Used by native peoples for basket making.  
Carex pansa  California meadow sedge, dune sedge
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Carex pansa

(California meadow sedge, dune sedge)

A durable spreading sedge which can be used as a lawn substitute or unmowed meadow. Growing 8 -12 inches tall and spreading by rhizomes to form dense colonies of curling dark green foliage. The foliage is evergreen in mild climates and grows well in full sun to partial shade with regular to occasional water. Too much drought causes summer dormancy. Flowers appear in early spring but are not real showy. Deer resistant.
Carex praegracilis  field sedge, clustered field sedge
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Carex praegracilis

(field sedge, clustered field sedge)

Similar to Carex pansa but growing taller. The fine textured grass-like blades can reach 12 inches tall and spreads freely by rhizomes to form a thick weed smothering groundcover. Useful for meadows, green roofs, bio-swales, erosion control and as a lawn substitute. Can be left natural where it has a lush tousled appearance or trimmed occasionally for a low turf-like appearance. Tolerates drought, inundation, poor soils, salt spray, heat, cold, shade and foot traffic. Plant in sun to light shade where it requires some summer moisture but far less than a conventional lawn. Will go summer dormant if allowed to get too dry. Deer resistant.
Carex serratodens  two tooth sedge
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Carex serratodens

(two tooth sedge)

From serpentine meadows comes this lush, blue-green sedge. Our form grows 1 - 2 ft. tall and spreads at a moderate pace, creating broad drifts over time. Needs moderate to regular moisture and full sun to part shade. Often goes semi-dormant in winter at which time the plants can be cut back to just a few inches. A useful sedge for gardens on serpentine or for bank stabilization where it can provide cover for tree frogs and other critters. Does not require serpentine soils to thrive. Deer resistant.
Carex spissa  San Diego sedge
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Carex spissa

(San Diego sedge)

Native to watercourses in coastal sage scrub, chaparral and oak woodlands from San Luis Obispo County to San Diego County. Has proven adaptable and easy to grow here. Wide silvery blades 3 - 4 ft. tall with brown nodding flowers. Sun to light shade. Regular to moderate water. Deer resistant.
Carex testacea  orange-leaved sedge
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Carex testacea

(orange-leaved sedge)

Clumping, fine textured, evergreen-this intriguing sedge has olive green blades that turn intense orange as it matures. Grows 1 1/2 - 2 ft. tall, gracefully arching in long, flowing strands. Wants well drained, moist soil. Full sun, except in hottest areas. Great container plant too. Deer resistant.

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Carex tumulicola

(foothill sedge)

This is the TRUE Carex tumulicola, the foothill sedge, not to be confused with the so called Berkeley sedge which is correctly identified as Carex divulsa and is non-native AND invasive.  Foothill sedge has a wide distribution in California and north to Washington.  A tough and adaptable tufted evergreen growing 12 inches (or more) tall and spreading slowly by underground rootstocks. Useful as an informal groundcover under shrubs or trees, for a meadow planting or for soil stabilization where the spreading roots help control erosion.  Best with some shade unless right along the coast.  Responds to water but is able to tolerate periods of dryness.
Carpenteria californica 'Elizabeth' California bush anemone
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Carpenteria californica 'Elizabeth'

(California bush anemone)

A beautiful native evergreen shrub 5 - 7 ft. tall and 3 ft. or so wide. Blooms May-July with sweetly scented, pure white, yellow-stamened, camellia-like single flowers. This cultivar is very free flowering with smaller than usual (2 inch) flowers in masses of up to 20 in each of the terminal clusters. Said to be more disease resistant. Best with light shade or morning sun. Drought tolerant, but appearance is improved with some summer water. Does want good drainage. Deer resistant.

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Caryopteris incana

(bluebeard)

An excellent late flowering shrub with aromatic foliage and rich violet-blue flowers in summer. Deciduous, growing 3 - 4 foot tall and wide, with a dense mounding form. Dead heading old flowers often extends bloom period well into autumn. Requires good drainage and full sun with moderate water, though somewhat drought tolerant once established. An excellent source of nectar for late season native bees and honeybees. Treat like a shrubby perennial and prune hard once a year in late winter or early spring.  
Ceanothus  'Antonette' California lilac
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Ceanothus 'Antonette'

(California lilac)

An exciting introduction by Native Sons Nursery which was discovered in their landscape. ‘Antonette’ is believed to be a cross between Ceanothus arboreus and Ceanothus ‘Cynthia Postan’ with unusual elongated leaves which remind us of a rockrose. Grows 8 – 10 feet tall and 6 – 8 feet wide with spectacular displays of frosted, violet-blue flowers in early spring. Before they fully emerge, the flower buds display a pleasing rosy color. Plant in full sun with occasional to little summer water once established. Valuable habitat plant, providing food and cover for birds, bees and butterflies.

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Ceanothus 'Berkeley Skies'

(California lilac)

A seedling selection from the Botanic Garden at UC Berkeley, thought to be a cross between Ceanothus megacarpus and Ceanothus gloriosus. Forms an upright shrub 8-15 ft. tall with small leathery leaves and stiff arching habit.  The eye-catching flowers are soft lilac in color with a deep purple center eye to each flower.  It comes into bloom quite early, often beginning in late January and February where they are much adored by bees in search of nectar. Ceanothus require decent drainage, full sun and are drought tolerant once established.
Ceanothus  'Blue Jeans' California lilac
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Ceanothus 'Blue Jeans'

(California lilac)

Not the color of denim exactly, the profuse springtime blossoms of 'Blue Jeans' are a rich lavender-purple. Erect evergreen shrub 6 ft. tall and wide with small shiny green leaves. Vigorous and fast growing. Best in full sun with little to no water once established. Tolerates heavy soils. Shrubby Ceanothus provide seeds eaten by bushtits, mockingbirds, quail and finches, as well as cover for birds.

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Ceanothus 'Blue Ray'

(California lilac)

  A Suncrest Nursery introduction, this is a cross between two popular cultivars, Ceanothus 'Ray Hartman' and Ceanothus 'Dark Star'.  Grows 10 feet tall by 15 ft. wide with deep green textured leaves on sturdy stems forming a large mound. Deep vivid blue flowers in dense clusters cover the shrub in spring. Plant in full sun with occasional to no summer water once established. Ceanothus, when in flower, are highly attractive to pollinators of all sorts.  
Ceanothus  'Celestial Blue' California lilac
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Ceanothus 'Celestial Blue'

(California lilac)

A beautiful hybrid California lilac selected and introduced by Las Pilitas Nursery. Luminous, rich blue flowers, in tight, conical clusters put on a massive display in spring with the added bonus of sporadic blooming through summer and into fall. Growing 6-8 ft. tall and wide with a mounding habit. Useful as an accent, informal hedge or screen shrub where it grows in full sun to light shade with little to no water once established. Ceanothus are an excellent addition to the habitat garden attracting a myriad of insects and birds.
Ceanothus  'Centennial' California lilac
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Ceanothus 'Centennial'

(California lilac)

One of the sweetest looking Ceanothus. Spreads quickly (7 ft. in 2 years for us, much slower in lean, sandy soil), but stays low, about 6 inches - reportedly can mound as high as 2 ft.. The flowers are displayed in profusions of small pom-poms colored an intense deep blue set above small glossy leaves of deep green. Drought tolerant but will tolerate moderate irrigation in faster draining soils. More shade tolerant than many Ceanothus but will take full sun except in hot, inland areas. Selected by Roger Raiche at Horseshoe Cove, Sonoma County. 
Ceanothus  'Concha' California lilac
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Ceanothus 'Concha'

(California lilac)

An adaptable shrub growing 6 ft. tall and wide, with a dazzling display of glowing purple-blue flowers in the spring. The gracefully arching branches carry dark green shiny leaves and are tolerant of light pruning. Thrives in full sun with little or no water once established. More tolerant of heavy soils and summer watering than most ceanothus. Shrubby Ceanothus provide seeds eaten by bushtits, mockingbirds, quail and finches, as well as cover for birds.
Ceanothus  'Coronado' California lilac
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Ceanothus 'Coronado'

(California lilac)

Phil van Soelen selected this striking natural hybrid from along the Sonoma Coast. It was named for the late David Coronado, our dear friend and a talented plantsmen. Compact habit growing to around 2 ft. tall and 6 ft. wide with dark green, deeply veined, toothed leaves. Frosty blue buds open to luminous deep blue blossoms in early spring. Perhaps best in somewhat cooler climates where it performs beautifully in full sun with moderate to no water once established. Ceanothus are excellent habitat plants providing cover and food for wildlife. The early flowers provide nectar for pollinators and seeds for birds. The myriad of insects attracted to the flowers are an added attraction to birds.
Ceanothus  'Dark Star' California lilac
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Ceanothus 'Dark Star'

(California lilac)

This popular small leaved shrub reaches 4 - 6 ft. high by 6 - 10 ft. wide. The electric cobalt-blue flowers cover the plant in spring and are very popular with bees and butterflies. Plant in full sun and provide decent drainage. Not a good choice for hot, inland areas. Drought tolerant. 'Dark Star' is VERY similar to 'Julia Phelps' but differs mainly in size. 'Dark Star' tends to stay a little smaller. Shrubby Ceanothus provide seeds eaten by bushtits, mockingbirds, quail and finches, as well as cover for birds.
Ceanothus  'Frosty Blue' California lilac
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Ceanothus 'Frosty Blue'

(California lilac)

  A Rancho Santa Ana introduction from the mid 1970's. This upright evergreen shrub reaches 8 to 12 feet tall and 10 to 15 feet wide with glossy green, textured foliage.  Flowers in late spring with 2-4 inch panicles of beautiful blue flowers with a frosted appearance due to the white bracts on the buds.  Useful as a specimen or screen due to it's rapid growth. Amenable to pruning and can be trained into a small tree or espaliered subject. This reliable cultivar tolerates heavy soils better than most upright Ceanothus. Does best in full sun and will be drought tolerant once established. California lilac are valuable additions to the habitat garden. 

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Ceanothus 'Joan Mirov'

(California lilac)

A naturally occurring hybrid from the Sonoma Coast selected by Roger Raiche and introduced by the U.C. Berkeley Botanic Garden. Low spreading habit with a dense form grows 4 ft. tall spreading widely 6-10 ft. or more. The small dark green shiny leaves are topped with an abundance of dark pink buds opening to cobalt blue flower clusters in the spring.  An excellent bank cover where a dense ground covering shrub is needed on a sunny dry site.  When planted inland a little afternoon shade and some summer irrigation is best. Ceanothus are valuable habitat plants where they offer food and cover and excellent forage for pollinators.
Ceanothus  'Joyce Coulter' California lilac
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Ceanothus 'Joyce Coulter'

(California lilac)

A very useful medium sized mounding evergreen groundcover discovered in 1956 by John Coulter. Grows 3 - 5 ft. tall and spreads 12 ft. or more wide. Medium-blue flowers cover this shrub in spring. Tolerates garden conditions better than most Ceanothus. Responds well to shearing and can easily be kept to a more compact size. Plant in full sun where it is drought tolerant but best with some summer water in hot interior sites. Shrubby ceanothus provide seeds eaten by bushtits, mockingbirds, quail and finches, as well as cover for birds.
Ceanothus  'Julia Phelps' California lilac
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Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'

(California lilac)

This much admired hybrid Ceanothus features a compact and bushy form, about 6 to 8 ft. tall and 8 ft. wide. Spectacular in spring when glowing dark indigo flowers cover the plant, accented by reddish buds. Small and crinkled dark green leaves provide an excellent backdrop for the richly colored flowers. Plant in full sun. Needs good drainage and summer drought once established. Does not do well in hot, interior climates. Very hard to distinguish from 'Dark Star', 'Julia Phelps' is somewhat larger. Shrubby Ceanothus provide seeds eaten by bushtits, mockingbirds, quail and finches, as well as cover for birds.
Ceanothus  'Ray Hartman' California lilac
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Ceanothus 'Ray Hartman'

(California lilac)

Beautiful large shrub rapidly grows 12 - 20 ft. tall and wide. Dark, shiny green foliage with large, medium blue spike-like flower clusters in the spring. Tolerates pruning and can be trained as a small tree or sheered to create a tall hedge. This selection is especially adaptable, tolerating heat, some summer water and drought. Plant in sun or very light shade. 'Ray Hartman' is a cross between the species C. arboreus and C. thyrsiflorus var. griseus. Ceanothus provide habitat and forage for a wide variety of birds.
Ceanothus arboreus 'Cliff Schmidt' island ceanothus
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Ceanothus arboreus 'Cliff Schmidt'

(island ceanothus)

Selected from Santa Cruz Island by Native Son's Nursery, this handsome cultivar has a strong upright habit, growing into a tall and spreading shrub as much as 15-20 ft. tall and wide. Large dark green glossy leaves have white felted undersides. Medium blue flower spikes blossom in late winter to early spring and often again in fall. Excellent for coastal gardens in full sun, give some afternoon shade and a little summer water in warmer inland sites. This large shrub can be pruned into a lovely small tree. Ceanothus are excellent additions to habitat gardens where they provide food, cover and nesting sites for birds and beneficial insects.  
Ceanothus confusus  Rincon Ridge ceanothus
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Ceanothus confusus

(Rincon Ridge ceanothus)

Plant description coming soon.
Ceanothus cordulatus  mountain whitethorn
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Ceanothus cordulatus

(mountain whitethorn)

Plant description coming soon.
Ceanothus cuneatus  buckbrush
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Ceanothus cuneatus

(buckbrush)

One of California's most widespread species offering a variety of forms. Typically buckbrush grows as an arching shrub growing 4-6 ft. or more tall and wide with small, thick, leathery leaves. Flowers can range from white to lavender to purple and are produced in small tight clusters in early spring. When in full bloom, the powerfully sweet scent of the flowers engulfs the visiting hiker. An excellent choice for hot dry conditions and difficult sites where it will grow in full sun with little to no water once established. Valuable addition to the habitat garden where it provides food and cover for a wide array of wildlife, birds, bees and butterflies. Said to be deer resistant.

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Ceanothus cuneatus - flat form

(prostrate buckbrush)

This unusual form of the ubiquitous buckbrush comes to us from Yerba Buena Nursery. Reaches a height of only 1 - 2 ft. and spreads out to 6 ft. or more. Pale blue flowers appear in early spring and perfume the air with their sweet fragrance. Bees and butterflies are drawn to the flowers while birds enjoy the seeds which follow. An excellent groundcover for hot, dry banks requiring no irrigation once established. Needs full sun and good drainage. Likely to be deer resistant.

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Ceanothus divergens ssp. confusus

(Rincon Ridge ceanothus)

A species of special concern due to it's limited distribution in the wild and continued habitat loss. The Rincon Ridge ceanothus is worth considering for those hot inland gardens where some of the more commonly available coastal ceanothus may not be as long lived. Forms a low growing mound of decumbent stems with small holly-like leaves usually under a foot tall. Flowers in dense clusters in early spring are lavender-purple. Plant in sunny areas with good drainage and little to no water once established. Ceanothus are wonderful additions to the habitat garden attracting a wide array of wildlife. This species is likely to be deer resistant.

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Ceanothus foliosus

(wavyleaf ceanothus)

Not commonly found in the trade, this rugged shrub is native to dry slopes of the Coast Ranges nearly throughout the state. Grows to around 3 ft. tall by 6 ft. wide, with glossy wavy-edged leaves and brilliant blue flower clusters in the spring. Perfectly suited for dry banks and slopes in hot summer areas where it tolerates heat, drought and even winter cold. Not tolerant of summer water once established.  Excellent for the habitat garden where it provides nectar to pollinators, larval food for moths and butterflies and cover and seed for birds.
Ceanothus gloriosus var. exaltatus 'Emily Brown' Navarro ceanothus
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Ceanothus gloriosus var. exaltatus 'Emily Brown'

(Navarro ceanothus)

One of the earliest blooming California lilacs. A low spreading evergreen shrub 2 - 4 ft. tall, 8 - 10 ft. wide with dark green hollylike leaves. Flowers of dark violet blue in 1 inch clusters cover the shrub in early spring. Sun and drought tolerant. Shrubby ceanothus provide seeds eaten by bushtits, mockingbirds, quail and finches, as well as cover for birds. Deer resistant.
Ceanothus gloriosus var. gloriosus 'Anchor Bay' Point Reyes ceanothus
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Ceanothus gloriosus var. gloriosus 'Anchor Bay'

(Point Reyes ceanothus)

This Point Reyes ceanothus grows 1 - 2 ft. high or more and spreads 8 ft. wide or more with an attractively dense and luxuriant appearance. The evergreen foliage is dark green and holly-like in shape. Flowers of blue-violet cover the plant in spring. Sun to light shade. Drought tolerant along the coast - a little extra water inland but will tolerate up to moderate irrigation. Ceanothus are great additions to the habitat garden offering food and cover for birds and nectar for bees and butterflies. This species is somewhat deer resistant.    

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Ceanothus gloriosus var. gloriosus 'Heart's Desire'

(Point Reyes ceanothus)

One of the lowest growing ceanothus, under one foot tall and spreading three or more feet wide. The small, holly-like leaves line stems which tightly hug the ground. Performs better than most ground cover ceanothus on relatively hot inland sites. Flowers of lavender-blue appear in early spring. Sun, decent drainage, moderate to little summer water once established. Ceanothus are excellent additions to the habitat garden offering flowers for pollinators and seeds for birds. Deer resistant.
Ceanothus griseus 'Kurt Zadnik' Carmel ceanothus
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Ceanothus griseus 'Kurt Zadnik'

(Carmel ceanothus)

Selected by Roger Raiche of the UC Berkeley Botanic Garden from the northern Sonoma Coast. Grows about 3 ft. tall and 10 - 15 ft. wide. The flower buds are very dark with beautiful rich indigo blue flowers, perhaps the darkest of any ceanothus. This fine selection is a prolific bloomer and works well to cover large banks in a hurry. Low to moderate irrigation. Shrubby ceanothus provide seeds eaten by bushtits, mockingbirds, quail and finches, as well as cover for birds.
Ceanothus griseus var. horizontalis 'Diamond Heights' Carmel ceanothus
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Ceanothus griseus var. horizontalis 'Diamond Heights'

(Carmel ceanothus)

Grown for its beautiful golden variegated foliage, this low growing shrub spreads 3 - 5 ft. wide and up to 1 ft. high. Scant, light blue flowers in spring contrast nicely with the yellow foliage. Best with light shade in warmer regions. Enjoys some summer water though drought tolerant once established. Discovered from a colony of cultivated Carmel ceanothus in San Francisco in the area known as Diamond Heights.
Ceanothus griseus var. horizontalis 'Yankee Point' Carmel ceanothus
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Ceanothus griseus var. horizontalis 'Yankee Point'

(Carmel ceanothus)

An energetic bright green shrub growing up to 3 ft. tall and spreading rapidly to 10 - 12 ft. wide. Powder blue flowers in the spring. A good evergreen weed-smothering groundcover for full sun to light shade. Drought tolerant but appreciates an occasional summer watering and will accept moderate water. Tolerant of hot interior locations as long as some shade and irrigation are provided. Ceanothus are great additions to the habitat garden offering food and cover for birds and nectar for bees and butterflies.
Ceanothus hearstiorum  Hearst ceanothus
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Ceanothus hearstiorum

(Hearst ceanothus)

A rare species with limited distribution in San Luis Obispo County. One of the lowest of the ceanothus, up to 12 inches tall and 6 ft. wide. Often completely flat with a star-like pattern of growth. Medium-blue flowers sit atop the narrow, wrinkled leaves in spring. Sun to light shade. More shade tolerant than most Ceanothus, making it a suitable option for under the dappled shade of oaks. Drought tolerant but will accept occasional irrigation. Excessive irrigation will shorten the life of this species. Provide good drainage.

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Ceanothus incanus

(coast whitethorn)

A common and widespread Ceanothus found in the coast ranges of northern California but rarely cultivated in gardens. Probably best suited to conditions similar to where it would be found in the wild. Sunny slopes, canyons, the dappled shade in woodlands, with decent drainage, no to little summer water and full sun to light shade. Growing 5-10 ft. tall with arching rigid branches, whitish bark, stout twiggy spines and evergreen oval leaves of grey-green. Plumes of fragrant white flowers in the spring attract a wide array of insects, birds and butterflies.  
Ceanothus integerrimus  deer brush
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Ceanothus integerrimus

(deer brush)

Deer brush is an excellent addition to the dry garden, featuring an abundance of blue, white or even pink flower plumes in late spring. One of the few deciduous species, displaying soft flat leaves which fall in autumn and reemerge in spring. Deer brush is an open upright shrub, growing 5 - 12 feet tall with many different growth habits. A variable species found in a wide range of habitats throughout the state. Often used in restoration for it's rugged qualities and ability to deal with summer heat and winter cold. This crop, grown from seed collected near Lake Sonoma has white flowers. Plant in full sun to light shade with good drainage. Little to no summer water once established.  

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Ceanothus maritimus 'Point Sierra'

(Santa Barbara ceanothus)

An excellent choice for a small scale ground cover, this rare Ceanothus is found on coastal bluffs and low hills in northern San Luis Obsipo County. Even though it is native to the coast it does surprisingly well inland. Smaller and slower growing than most Ceanothus, it blooms very early often beginning in late January or early February. 'Point Sierra' was selected from Arroyo de la Cruz by Native Son's Nursery. Grows 2-3 ft. tall and wide with small, thick, leathery leaves and a dense mounding habit looking almost like Cotoneaster. Rounded clusters of blue-violet flowers from dusty white buds in late winter provide an early nectar source for pollinators of all sorts. A natural for coastal areas in full sun but has proven durable inland when it is provided a little shade. Tolerates heavy soils. Drought tolerant once established. Somewhat deer resistant.
Ceanothus maritimus 'Popcorn' Santa Barbara ceanothus
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Ceanothus maritimus 'Popcorn'

(Santa Barbara ceanothus)

This groundcover or small specimen shrub blooms clean white flowers in late winter. In spite of its coastal origin it has been long-lived and very drought tolerant here in Fulton. Up to 3 ft. tall by 5 ft. wide. Provide sun to light shade and decent drainage.
Ceanothus maritimus 'Valley Violet' Santa Barbara ceanothus
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Ceanothus maritimus 'Valley Violet'

(Santa Barbara ceanothus)

Valley Violet ceanothus is a tough and reliable shrub introduced by the UC Davis Arboretum as an "Arboretum All-Star", one of their 100 top recommended plants. This relatively small Ceanothus grows 2 ft. tall by 4 ft. wide with small leathery leaves and gorgeous dark-violet flowers in early spring. Though native to coastal bluffs of San Luis Obispo County, it performs well in both coastal and inland situations. In hot inland sites it may be best with a little afternoon shade. Drought tolerant once established. For a Ceanothus it is slower growing and has proven to be long lived and tolerant of many soil types. A wide array of pollinators are attracted to it's flowers. Deer resistant.
Ceanothus parryi  Parry's ceanothus, ladybloom
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Ceanothus parryi

(Parry's ceanothus, ladybloom)

Nicknamed ladybloom, this ceanothus is underused in California gardens. Native to chaparral plant communities in the coast ranges of California and Oregon. Upright habit with arching branches growing 8-12 ft tall with dark green narrow leaves. Long, narrow flower clusters of medium to deep blue blossoms in the spring. A useful screen, specimen or informal hedge in full sun with little to no water once established. Tolerant of inland heat and conditions. Ceanothus are great additions to the habitat garden offering food and cover for birds and nectar for bees and butterflies.
Ceanothus rigidus 'Snowball' Monterey lilac
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Ceanothus rigidus 'Snowball'

(Monterey lilac)

A good selection for a dry sunny hillside or as a cascading plant for a wall. A densely mounding shrub 3 - 5 feet tall and wide. Covered with ball-like clusters of white flowers in late winter. Plant in full sun with occasional to no summer water once established. Ceanothus are great additions to the habitat garden offering food and cover for birds and nectar for bees and butterflies. Deer resistant.  
Ceanothus thyrsiflorus  blue blossom
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Ceanothus thyrsiflorus

(blue blossom)

One of the larger ceanothus, forming a good sized shrub or small tree 6-25 ft. tall. Shiny, bright green leaves and good sized clusters of flowers which can range from pure white to pale blue, sky blue through rich darker shades of blue in the spring. Easy, fast growing. Can be trained into a single trunk if desired. Useful as a specimen tree, background shrub or informal hedge. Drought tolerant when established. Ceanothus are fantastic habitat plants providing food and cover for a wide range of creatures. Bees and other pollinators frequent the flowers as do butterflies. Several butterflies and moths use it as a larvel food source. Bushtits, mockingbirds, quail and finches eat the seeds.  
Ceanothus thyrsiflorus 'El Dorado' variegated blue blossom
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Ceanothus thyrsiflorus 'El Dorado'

(variegated blue blossom)

Fast growing upright evergreen shrub 6 - 10 ft. tall and wide. Dark green foliage with golden yellow variegation is a nice foil for the medium blue flowers in spring. Plant in full sun along the coast, some shade for hot interior sites. Drought tolerant once established. Occasional summer irrigation can be helpful, but allow soil to dry between waterings. Good for an informal hedge. An excellent habitat plant.

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Ceanothus thyrsiflorus 'Oregon Mist'

(blue blossom)

Blue blossom ceanothus grows in chaparral and woodland plant communities of the outer coast ranges, from Santa Barbara, California to southern Oregon. Selected by Xera Plants, 'Oregon Mist' hails from the northern most part of it's range, suggesting superior cold hardiness.  Growing 8 - 15 ft. tall and wide with deep-green shiny leaves and baby-blue flowers in narrow clusters, blooming in mid to late spring. This fast growing evergreen makes a fine stand alone specimen or as part of a shrubby border or screen, where its particularly dense form can be used to great effect. Plant in sun to light shade where it will be drought tolerant once established. An excellent addition to the habitat garden where it provides food and cover for a wide array of insects and birds. 
Ceanothus thyrsiflorus 'Skylark' California lilac
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Ceanothus thyrsiflorus 'Skylark'

(California lilac)

Valued for its compact habit and late flowering, this selection offers clusters of dark blue flowers on short stems appearing just as other ceanothus are finishing their show. 4 - 5 ft. tall and 6 - 7 ft. wide with shiny evergreen foliage. This would be a ceanothus to try in hot areas. 'Skylark' is believed to be a cross between Ceanothus thyrsiflorus and C. velutinus. Shrubby ceanothus provide seeds eaten by bushtits, mockingbirds, quail and finches, as well as cover for birds.

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Ceanothus thyrsiflorus 'Snow Flurry'

(California lilac)

A beautiful large shrub or small tree 12 ft. (or more) tall and wide. Rich deep green foliage and profuse clusters of radiant pure white flowers in the spring. Adaptable, dependable and garden tolerant. Does well in coastal and inland situations. Best in full sun. 'Snow Flurry' is drought tolerant, but would appreciate a little summer water in hot regions. Not tolerant of very cold winter conditions. Selected from the Big Sur coast. Shrubby ceanothus provide seeds eaten by bushtits, mockingbirds, quail and finches, as well as cover for birds.
Ceanothus velutinus  snowbrush ceanothus
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Ceanothus velutinus

(snowbrush ceanothus)

Valued for its compact habit and late flowering, this selection offers clusters of dark blue flowers on short stems appearing just as other ceanothus are finishing their show. 4 - 5 ft. tall and 6 - 7 ft. wide with shiny evergreen foliage. This would be a ceanothus to try in hot areas. 'Skylark' is believed to be a cross between Ceanothus thyrsiflorus and C. velutinus. Shrubby ceanothus provide seeds eaten by bushtits, mockingbirds, quail and finches, as well as cover for birds.

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Ceanothus x delileanus 'Gloire de Versailles'

East meets west with this hybrid Ceanothus, combining an Eastern U.S. species with a Mexican species for lovely results. Glossy green leaves on red stems form a rounded shrub 6 ft. or so tall. Large panicles of smokey-blue flowers bloom over a long period, late spring, summer and sometimes into autumn, which are highly attractive to bees and butterflies. Plant in sunny areas with decent drainage and moderate summer water. Appreciates a little afternoon shade in hot summer areas. Benefits from an annual trim to maintain a dense habit. Semi-evergreen.  
Ceanothus x delileanus 'Topaz' ceanothus
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Ceanothus x delileanus 'Topaz'

(ceanothus)

This non-native ceanothus is one of the French hybrids, similar to Ceanothus 'Gloire de Versailles'. They are the result of crosses between a Mexican species (C. coeruleus) and C. americanus from the eastern U.S.. In Europe they are espaliered for cold protection and tend to be fully deciduous. Here they can be grown as free-standing summer blooming pyramidal shrubs growing to 6 ft. tall and wide. The flower color is richer than 'Gloire de Versailles', a frosted blue or light indigo. Provide sun to light shade and moderate to infrequent irrigation. A hard pruning in late fall will encourage stronger flowering and keep a more compact form.
Ceanothus x pallidus 'Marie Simon' ceanothus
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Ceanothus x pallidus 'Marie Simon'

(ceanothus)

A valuable but underutilized, semi-deciduous shrub with long blooming big, billowy pink flower clusters late spring to mid-summer. Grows 3 to 5 ft. tall and wide with handsome red stems. This French hybrid from the early 19th century is well used in mixed flower borders or with roses and other shrubs. Responds well to a hard cutting back while dormant which will help keep this shrub more compact. Provide moderate to occasional irrigation.
Cephalanthus  occidentalis  button willow
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Cephalanthus occidentalis

(button willow)

Button willow is a large deciduous shrub, at times becoming treelike, growing 6-12 ft. (infrequently as much as 20 ft.) tall and wide. It lines waterways in foothills and warm interior valleys. Smooth, glossy bright- green leaves clothe this shrub during the growing season, turning yellow in the autumn. Creamy white flowers are arranged in spherical heads with protruding styles which give the flowers a pincushion-like appearance.  The summer blooming, fragrant flowers are extremely rich in nectar and attract bees, butterflies and other pollinators.  The globe-like fruits persists into winter and attract birds. Plant in sun to light shade with regular summer water or continuously moist or wet soils.  An excellent habitat plant offering food and cover for a wide array of insects and birds.
Cercis occidentalis  western redbud
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Cercis occidentalis

(western redbud)

Beautiful in all its seasons, the native redbud is well worth growing. Highly ornamental multi-trunked shrub or small tree 6 - 20 ft. tall and wide. Masses of brilliant rose-purple blossoms in early spring followed by conspicuous long seed pods that start out lime green and age to purple-brown. The rounded heart-shaped leaves emerge apple green and develop to bluish-green. In colder areas, the leaves take a nice fall color of yellow or red. The smooth silvery-gray branches are picturesque in the winter landscape. Plant in full sun to light shade with good drainage. Drought tolerant. Important nectar and pollen source for bees. Attracts hummingbirds too.
Cercocarpus betuloides  mountain mahogany
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Cercocarpus betuloides

(mountain mahogany)

Mountain mahogany is an adaptable, semi-evergreen native shrub (8 to 15 ft. high and wide) or small tree with charming birch-like leaves set against silver-grey bark. Small, honey-scented flowers appear in spring followed by seeds with intriguing silky, curled, feather-like tails. The open habit contrasts nicely with evergreen shrubs or rock walls where its pleasing silhouette can be seen. Flowers are attractive to bees. Mountain mahogany is one of those rare native shrubs which can easily be pruned for narrow garden beds. Grows on dry slopes in chaparral or at the edges of woodlands. Provide full sun to light shade. It is surprisingly adaptable to diferent water regimes, from moderate irrigation to no water once established. Somewhat deer resistant.
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana  Lawson's cypress
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Chamaecyparis lawsoniana

(Lawson's cypress)

Plant description coming soon.

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Cheilanthes lanosa

(hairy lip fern)

Small, evergreen, rock and crevice dwelling fern with olive-green woolly fronds and chestnut-brown stipes, native to the Eastern United States. Grows 6 - 8 inches tall, slowly spreading by creeping root stocks 12 - 15 inches wide. Loose and gritty, well drained soils a must, otherwise easy to grow in bright or part shade. This dryland fern requires moderate to occasional water in western gardens. Excellent rock garden subject. Good in containers too.  

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Chilopsis linearis

(desert willow)

A beautiful summer blooming deciduous shrub, native to desert washes and oases where it grows in gravelly soils and intense heat.  Forms a large multi-branched shrub or small tree with narrow willow-like leaves .  Terminal clusters of showy trumpet-shaped flowers in summer come in shades of white, to pink and lavender with contrasting lines and dots in the throat and attract hummingbirds and butterflies. Long narrow bean-like pods follow and hold on into winter when the shrub is leafless.  Desert willow requires hot climates, plenty of sun and heat,  good drainage and occasional deep summer watering to thrive.  Avoid cool coastal conditions and heavy wet soils with cold winter temperatures.  Grows fast when happy with no pest or disease problems, demanding little and providing graceful habit, dappled shade, and showy summer flowers.
Chlorogalum pomeridianum v. pomeridianum  soap plant
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Chlorogalum pomeridianum v. pomeridianum

(soap plant)

Known for their large fibrous bulbs historically used by Indians and early settlers for soap, food and to stupefy fish. Long, wavy-margined leaves form a rosette in winter followed in late spring by tall, airy flower stems bearing small white flowers that open in the late afternoon and evening. Great in naturalistic settings in full sun to light shade. Needs to go summer dry once established. Larval food source for the Western Brown Elfin butterfly.
Cirsium occidentale  cobweb thistle
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Cirsium occidentale

(cobweb thistle)

A beautiful NATIVE and NON-WEEDY thistle. Forms a  rosette of gray woolly and spiny leaves the first year. A BIENNIAL, flowering occurs the second year with tall spikes of showy maroon-red flowers with cobweb hairs on the bracts. A striking plant for sunny areas with good drainage and low to no irrigation. An excellent addition to the habitat garden where it attracts bees, butterflies and hummingbirds. Butterflies such as the painted lady and the mylitta crescent depend on cobweb thistle as a larval food source. Deer resistant.
Cistus  'Gordon Cooper' rockrose
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Cistus 'Gordon Cooper'

(rockrose)

This rockrose is a vigorous spreader, growing 2-3 ft. tall by 6 ft. wide. The flowers are white with a crimson spot at the base of each petal. Rockroses are sun loving, fast growing, and tolerant of aridity, poor soils, wind and salt spray. Good erosion control for dry banks. Rockroses do NOT like over watering or hard pruning. Deer often leave rockroses alone.

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Cistus 'Sunset'

(rockrose)

Evergreen, drought tolerant shrub with bright rose-pink flowers. The main show is in late spring, but scattered blooms appear over a long period. Mounding to around 3 ft. tall and 6 ft. wide. Annual light shearing will help keep it dense.  Needs full sun and low water once established. Considered deer resistant.
Cistus aguilari  rockrose
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Cistus aguilari

(rockrose)

Fast growing tall rockrose 6 - 8 ft. tall and 4 - 6 ft. wide. Good evergreen informal screen. Scarlet tinted buds open to large (to 4 inches across!) white beautiful crepe-papery flowers in spring. Full sun, most soils, moderate to litttle water. Needs good drainage if they are to be watered. Some pruning/shearing right after bloom can help keep growth denser. Formerly sold as Cistus ‘Blanche’. Somewhat deer resistant.
Cistus hirsutus v. psilosepalus  hairy rockrose
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Cistus hirsutus v. psilosepalus

(hairy rockrose)

Rockroses are known for their showy flower display in the spring. This variety blooms almost contiuously spring through fall. Compact evergreen shrub 4 ft. tall by 5 ft. wide, topped with white blossoms about two inches wide. Sun and drought tolerant. Deer often do NOT eat them.

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Cistus monspeliensis 'Vicar's Mead'

(rockrose)

Sun loving drought tolerant shrub grows around 4 ft. tall by 4 ft. wide. Blooms in the spring with one inch soft yellow flowers that have a pleasing rose-like fragrance. Rockroses require good drainage, full sun with little to no water once established. Deer often leave rockroses alone.
Cistus palhinhae  rockrose
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Cistus palhinhae

(rockrose)

A striking rockrose with shiny, deep-green, fragrant foliage. Large white flowers with bright yellow centers decorate the shrub spring into summer and are attractive to pollinators. Grows up to 3-1/2 ft. tall and wide in full sun. Drought and deer tolerant.  
Cistus psilosepalus  rockrose
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Cistus psilosepalus

(rockrose)

Plant description coming soon.
Cistus salviifolius  sageleaf rockrose
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Cistus salviifolius

(sageleaf rockrose)

This rockrose is an excellent and dependable bank or groundcover for rough situations. Once established it’s very drought tolerant. A wide spreading shrub to 2 ft. tall by 6 ft. wide covered with 1 1/2 inch white flowers in spring. Best in full sun with good drainage. Often deer resistant.

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Clarkia amoena ssp. whitneyi

(Whitney's Clarkia)

Nearly extinct in the wild, this beautiful ANNUAL was found in coastal communities in Mendocino and Humboldt Counties. Growing 3 ft. tall and wide,  the branched leafy stems are topped with a long succession of 3 inch cup- shaped flowers.  The large flowers are light lavender-pink with whitish areas at the base of the petals.  Clarkias make excellent garden plants needing very little and giving much in return.  Plant in full sun to light shade, as a filler among trees or shrubs, in mixed flower border or meadow planting. A little water while flowering will extend their show.   Good container subject too.  Excellent cut flowers.  Seems to be deer resistant.  Attractive to bees and butterflies.

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Clarkia rubicunda ssp. blasdalei

(ruby chalice Clarkia)

Central coast native ANNUAL with gorgeous lavender-pink cupped shaped flowers with dark red centers. Growing 18 inches- 2 1/2 ft.  tall and wide with a long progression of flowers from late spring into summer. Excellent garden subject for full sun to very light shade, tolerating tough conditions and a wide variety of soil types. Responds to a little extra water during flowering to extend the show. Attractive to bees and butterflies though not a deer favorite. Excellent cut flower.
Clematis lasiantha  chaparral clematis
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Clematis lasiantha

(chaparral clematis)

This deciduous native vine climbs over shrubs and trees in full sun to part shade. Produces a wealth of one inch, creamy-white flowers in spring and summer followed by large fluffy attractive seed heads. Use clematis to adorn a pergola or archway, or to train up trees or other structures. Plant in full sun to light shade. Little water once established. Generally deer resistant.
Clematis ligusticifolia  virgin's bower
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Clematis ligusticifolia

(virgin's bower)

Native to riparian areas where the vining stems will climb and weave their way up and over shrubs and trees. Large masses of fragrant, small creamy-white flowers bloom in summer. Beautiful, silvery, feather-like fruits follow and are as attractive as the blossoms. The intricately divided leaves on long stems can climb 20 - 30 ft. Full sun to light shade with regular to moderate summer water. Deciduous. Generally deer resistant.

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Clematis montana 'Grandiflora'

(anemone clematis)

Very vigorous and hardy deciduous vine. Wonderful in early spring when it is covered with masses of pure white anemone-like single flowers with a sweet fragrance. Easily climbs to 30 ft.. Prune to rejuvenate or control size immediately after bloom. Will grow in full sun to some shade with moderate to occasional water. Generally deer resistant.

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Clematis montana 'Rubens'

(anemone clematis)

A wonderful deciduous vine growing 20 ft. or more tall with beautiful crimson new growth maturing to bronzy green. Early spring brings a fantastic display of sweetly fragrant 2 inch pink anemone-like blossoms. Clematis prefer rich, well draining soils in full sun to light shade with regular water. They appreciate root protection which can be provided by mulching or planting a ground cover or low shrub to cover the root area. They will also need the support of a fence, trellis, arbor, or tree to use as a framework for their twining stems. Generally deer resistant.

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Comarostaphylos diversifolia

(summer holly)

Looking something like a toyon but closely related to manzanita, this handsome evergreen is a useful landscape subject. Native to chaparral communities near the coast in Southern California where it usually grows on north facing slopes. Growing slowly 6-15 ft. or more tall with shredded red bark and shiny dark green foliage. Creamy-white urn-shaped flowers in racemes bloom March-May are attracive to hummingbirds and pollinators. The dark-red rough textured fruits in summer are enjoyed by many kinds of birds. Grow as an upright shrub or with selective pruning can be trained into a small tree. Useful as a specimen, background screen or informal hedge in full sun to light shade with good drainage. Will except summer water only with good drainage and is drought tolerant once established.  
Cornus  'Midwinter Fire' coral twig dogwood
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Cornus 'Midwinter Fire'

(coral twig dogwood)

Grown for its stunning winter-long display of glowing apricot to coral stems. Fall leaf color can be a lovely pinky-peach. Can grow to 10 ft. tall and will spread vigorously by suckering stems. Shearing the plant to the ground occasionally will keep it more manageable. Full sun to bright shade and regular water. 
Cornus alba 'Elegantissima' variegated Tatarian dogwood
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Cornus alba 'Elegantissima'

(variegated Tatarian dogwood)

Pretty in all it's seasons. Foliage is a soft cool gray-green, margined in white. Compliments other greens well and provides a cool appearance to the summer garden. Flowers which appear in April to May are small flat clusters of white. The vibrant dark red-purple stems add a wonderful structure and color to the winter garden. About 5 ft. tall. Grow in light shade with regular water. Cut to the ground in late winter every 3 years or so for renewal.
Cornus glabrata  browntwig dogwood
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Cornus glabrata

(browntwig dogwood)

The bluish-white fruits of this species are reputed to be especially good for attracting birds. Small creamy white flowers appear in spring on subtly beautiful arching branches. A type of stream dogwood, it forms thickets with time, 6 - 10 ft. tall. Deciduous. Prefers moisture and some shade. Western tanager and warblers eat the flowers. Grosbeak, Northern oriole, flickers, spotted towhee, Western bluebird, robins, mockingbirds, bandtailed pigeon, waxwing and quail eat the fruits. A great plant for stream restoration.
Cornus nuttallii  Pacific dogwood
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Cornus nuttallii

(Pacific dogwood)

Spectacular native tree with pleasing horizontal branching, gorgeous white flowers, handsome fruits and good fall color.  An elegant specimen tree though notoriously challenging in cultivation. Easiest to grow within it's native range. Dislikes poor drainage, fertilizing, pruning, and injury to the tender bark.  Drought tolerant in shady, cool situations but enjoys occasional to moderate water in fast draining soils. Once established it can become a show stopping specimen in a wooded garden, under high branching trees, along stream courses and slopes with eastern or northern exposure. Birds relish the red fruits.      
Cornus sericea 'Flaviramea' yellowtwig dogwood
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Cornus sericea 'Flaviramea'

(yellowtwig dogwood)

This thicket-forming dogwood is grown for it’s beautiful yellow stems most admired in the winter season when it’s leafless. Thrives in moist places in full sun to light shade. Small creamy white flowers in flat topped clusters appear in spring. Grows 6 ft. tall and spreads with time to form an attractive drift. The white fruits are loved by birds.
Cornus sericea 'Hedgerow's Gold' redtwig dogwood
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Cornus sericea 'Hedgerow's Gold'

(redtwig dogwood)

A striking selection of redtwig dogwood, discovered near the Deschutes River in Eastern Oregon and introduced by Hedgerows Nursery. The large leaves of soft green have a broad, irregular, bright golden edge. In autumn the leaves turn an attractive ruby color. Forms a thicket that easily reaches 6 ft. tall by 6 ft. wide. The red stems stand out in the winter landscape after the leaves have fallen. Flat topped cluster of white flowers appear in spring and are followed by small white fruits enjoyed by birds. Best with regular water, good light and protection from the hot afternoon sun.
Cornus sericea ssp. occidentalis  western redtwig dogwood
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Cornus sericea ssp. occidentalis

(western redtwig dogwood)

Redtwig dogwood is a spreading shrub growing 6 ft. or more tall, forming broad thickets along creeks and rivers. The beautiful red stems stand out in the winter landscape once they loose their leaves in the fall. Flat topped flower clusters are creamy white and are followed by clusters of white fruits. Often takes on nice fall color before loosing it's leaves. Plant in full sun to light shade with regular to moderate watering. Does great on heavy clay soils and is a very good soil stabilizer. An excellent habitat plant where it provides food and cover. The fruits are very popular with birds. At the nursery, bluebirds and mockingbirds compete aggressively for the fleshy white fruits. 
Cornus sericea ssp. occidentalis 'Tomales Bay' western redtwig dogwood
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Cornus sericea ssp. occidentalis 'Tomales Bay'

(western redtwig dogwood)

This selection of the native creek dogwood is from Tomales Bay, Marin County, where it forms broad clumps 6 ft. or more tall and wide. The beautiful red stems stand out in the winter landscape. Flat topped flower clusters are creamy white followed by small white fruits. Good fall color. Plant in full sun to light shade and give regular irrigation. Western tanager and warblers eat the flowers. Grosbeak, Northern oriole, flickers, spotted towhee, Western bluebird, robins, mockingbirds, bandtailed pigeon, waxwing and quail eat the fruits.

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Cornus sessilis

(black fruit dogwood)

Native to moist ravines and stream banks of the coast ranges and the Sierra Nevada Mts.. This deciduous shrub or small tree grows 5-10 ft. or more tall and wide. Beautiful shiny, jade green leaves with prominent lateral veining decorate the graceful green barked stems. Small, yellow flowers appear early as it leafs out in the spring and are followed by oval fruits. Fruit color changes as it matures from greenish-white to yellow, red and finally shiny black which attract a wide range of fruit eating birds. Foliage can take on pretty tones of yellow and red in the autumn. Thrives in moist shady locations, but will grow well with just part shade and moderate to occasional summer water once established.

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Corydalis cheilanthifolia

(fern-leaved corydalis)

Often mistaken for a fern, this bleeding heart relative is an easy to grow, carefree perennial for the woodland garden. Growing 8 - 10 inches tall and wide, the ferny foliage is topped with clusters of yellow 1/2 inch long tubular flowers in spring. A wonderful addition to the woodland garden with moderate to regular moisture. Will seed about if happy.
Corylus cornuta ssp. californica  western hazelnut
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Corylus cornuta ssp. californica

(western hazelnut)

Western hazelnut is a handsome, open, multi-stemmed shrub native to forests from Santa Cruz in California northwards to British Columbia. Winter deciduous with decorative dangling catkins in late winter. The soft, somewhat hairy leaves turn yellow in the fall. Small amounts of tasty nuts are produced in late summer and are relished by wildlife and people. Part shade with some moisture but will tolerate fairly dry conditions once established. Grows 4 - 10 ft. tall. Somewhat deer resistant.
Crataegus douglasii  western hawthorn
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Crataegus douglasii

(western hawthorn)

Western hawthorn occurs in wet meadows or borders of forests in northern California. A large deciduous shrub or small tree 6 - 20 ft. tall with reddish-brown bark and formidable thorns. Small white flowers in flat topped clusters in late spring are followed by red fruits that ripen to black. The fruits are highly attractive to birds. Plant in full sun to partial shade with regular to moderate water. This shrub tends to sucker and could be encouraged to form a thicket. Or, amenable to pruning, it can be trained into a slender tree.
Cyclamen hederifolium  hardy cyclamen
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Cyclamen hederifolium

(hardy cyclamen)

Native to the Mediterranean regions of Europe, this tough and durable perennial is perfectly adapted to our California climate where it thrives in light shade and dryish conditions. Prolific fall bloomer with white to pink "v" shaped blossoms with swept back petals on 4-6 inch stems. Heart shaped leaves follow often with beautiful patterns variegation forming clumps to around 6 inches tall by a foot or so wide.  The foliage grows through the winter and spring going dormant with the dryness of summer, waiting to remerge with flowers in early autumn. Plant in light shade with moderate to infrequent summer water and woodsy, well drained soils.  Quite drought tolerant in coastal areas. Perfect for the rock garden, under trees and shrubs and a fine container subject too.  
Cynoglossum grande  Western hound's tongue
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Cynoglossum grande

(Western hound's tongue)

From woodlands throughout Northern and Central California comes this alluring bluebells relative. Dainty flower clusters ranging in color from periwinkle blue to lavender appear on slender stalks in the spring. The leaves are what gives this plant its name: grey-green and tongue-shaped, emerging in the winter from basal roots. Plant in bright shade and don’t water once established. Needs decent drainage. Once this plant goes to seed it will go dormant, re-emerging in late winter. A great accent plant for under the dry shade of deciduous oaks.

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Danthonia californica

(California oatgrass)

California oatgrass is a native bunchgrass found throughout mountains and coast ranges in both open and partly shaded areas. Forms dense leafy tufts with flower stalks of nodding spikelets to 1 1/2 ft. tall. Not to be confused with the invasive alien wild oats, this native makes a good basic grass for a meadow planting. Withstands trampling and traffic. Good for soil stabilization. Sun to very light shade. Little to no summer water once established. Deer resistant.
Darmera peltata  umbrella plant, indian rhubarb
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Darmera peltata

(umbrella plant, indian rhubarb)

Native to mountain streamsides of Northern California and Oregon. A spectacular plant for pond, stream, moist woodland, or anywhere there is regular moisture and lightly shaded conditions. The lovely pink flower clusters on tall naked stems are the first to emerge in the spring. Next the very large bright green round leaves on sturdy stalks unfurl, reaching a height of up to 4 ft.. The foliage turns yellow in the fall and dies back to chunky rhizomes in the winter. A bold and beautiful flowering and foliage plant. Does well in containers too. 
Darmera peltata - dwarf form  umbrella plant, indian rhubarb
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Darmera peltata - dwarf form

(umbrella plant, indian rhubarb)

This is a surprising dwarf form of the moisture loving umbrella plant. The normally large round leaves of this species are dramatically reduced in height and width in this novel selection. Only about 1 1/2 ft. tall with leaves 8 - 10 inches wide. Deep pink flower clusters, unusually dark for the species, emerge on slender stems in spring and are soon followed by the bright green leaves. The foliage turns yellow in the fall and dies back to chunky rhizomes in the winter. A nice compact alternative for the smaller garden with part shade and regular moisture. Does well in containers. 

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Delosperma 'Kelaidis'

(aka 'Mesa Verde')

Vigorous, cold tolerant succulent from South Africa. This hybrid from the Denver Botanic Garden grows 2 inches tall by 1 - 2 ft. wide. Blooms over a long period - spring through fall, with 1 1/2 inch pale salmon-pink flowers. Full sun to light afternoon shade. Good drainage with moderate summer water. Excellent container plant too.

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Delosperma congestum 'White Nugget'

A clump forming hardy succulent from South Africa. Forms tight mats of closely packed foliage which spread slowly. Abundant flowers are soft white with yellow centers and bloom over a long period in mid spring. Requires good drainage, full sun and occasional water.  Afternoon shade in hot areas is helpful. An excellent rock garden or container subject.

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Delosperma nuigenum 'Basutoland'

(ice plant)

Thanks to the Berkeley Botanic Garden for sharing this ground hugging perennial from South Africa. Forms a dense, flat mat of succulent leaves 2 to 3 ft. wide. Cheerful golden yellow one inch flowers decorate the bright green foliage in the spring. A tough and durable groundcover for sun to very light shade, good drainage and moderate to little water once established. An excellent choice for a rock garden or container. Drought tolerant.

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Delosperma sphalmanthoides

A real cutie, growing only 1/2 inch high by 8 inches wide. The tiny plump gray-green succulent leaves form a small mat with an early spring show of bright pinkish-purple flowers. An excellent rock garden item with good drainage, full sun to light afternoon shade in hottest areas and moderate to little summer water. Good container plant too.
Dendromecon harfordii  island bush poppy
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Dendromecon harfordii

(island bush poppy)

A beautiful and much sought after shrub native to California’s Channel Islands. Growing 6 - 10 ft. tall with bluish-gray foliage and a showy display of brilliant yellow poppy blossoms - spring into early summer, with scattered flowers throughout the year in mild climates. Requires full sun, good drainage, and little to no irrigation once established.
Dendromecon rigida  bush poppy
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Dendromecon rigida

(bush poppy)

This is our local bush poppy, growing 4 - 8 ft. tall with bluish-gray foliage and a showy display of brilliant yellow poppy blossoms from spring into early summer. Scattered flowers may be seen throughout the year in mild climates. The leaves are narrower than those of the island bush poppy and the plant has a more open form. Requires full sun, good drainage, and little to no irrigation once established.
Deschampsia cespitosa ssp. cespitosa  tufted hairgrass
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Deschampsia cespitosa ssp. cespitosa

(tufted hairgrass)

Tufted hairgrass has a large natural distribution, in both the northern and southern hemispheres, in high elevation mountains as well as lower elevations along the coast. The seed for this crop is from coastal Sonoma County, a good choice for low elevation gardens. Forms a deep-green bunch of finely textured blades up to one foot tall with airy flower panicles extending two foot or more above the foilage. Useful framework among wildflowers or with perennials and shrubs. Sun to light shade and a little summer water. Deer resistant.
Deschampsia cespitosa ssp. holciformis  coastal hairgrass
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Deschampsia cespitosa ssp. holciformis

(coastal hairgrass)

This native coastal hairgrass is a versatile garden subject. Forms deep green bunches, 6 to 8 inches high with golden flower stalks just under 2 ft. tall. Useful framework among wildflowers or with perennials and shrubs. Sun to light shade and a little summer water. Deer resistant.

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Deschampsia cespitosa ssp. holciformis 'Jughandle Creek Dwarf'

(coastal hairgrass)

A University of California Berkeley Botanic Garden selection from coastal Jughandle Creek, Mendocino County. This hairgrass has very short, stout blades and flower stalks and is under 6 inches overall. It would make a handsome, naturally low meadow. Well adapted for west of the Laguna (in Sonoma County), needing a little shade and summer moisture inland. Deer resistant.

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Deschampsia cespitosa ssp. holciformis 'Jughandle'

(coastal hairgrass)

This form of tufted hairgrass from the Mendocino Coast has a different look than those farther south. The bright green blades are relatively broad and stiff. The flower stalks are 1 1/2 to 2 ft. tall with panicles which emerge greenish then turn golden. A natural for along the coast, a little shade and moisture inland. Deer resistant.

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Deschampsia cespitosa ssp. holciformis 'Marin'

(coastal hairgrass)

  An unusually low growing form of the coastal hairgrass, selected by Mostly Natives Nursery in Tomales. Grows just 2-3 inches high and spreads to about one foot wide, forming evergreen, fine bladed bunches. A natural for coastal areas in full sun where it is well adapted, inland plantings requires a little afternoon shade and some summer water. Deer resistant.  
Deschampsia elongata  slender hairgrass
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Deschampsia elongata

(slender hairgrass)

Graceful fine-textured perennial bunch grass, native to partly shaded, seasonally moist areas in California. Features bright green blades and gently arching flower stalks 12-18 inches tall. Yellowish-green in spring, turns soft gold in summer. Deer resistant.
Dicentra formosa  western bleeding heart
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Dicentra formosa

(western bleeding heart)

Ferny foliage makes a lacy groundcover in shady areas. Clusters of pendulous, pink, heart-shaped flowers in spring and into summer. Will spread rapidly when happy, enjoying moist but not soggy woodland conditions. Tolerates dry shade where it goes dormant with drought.  Early nectar source for hummingbirds and bumble bees.  Deer resistant.
Dicentra formosa 'Aurora' white bleeding heart
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Dicentra formosa 'Aurora'

(white bleeding heart)

East meets west with this lovely cultivar bred by the late German nurseryman, Ernst Pagels. A hybrid involving our western native Dicentra formosa and the eastern U.S. native, Dicenta eximia combining the attributes of both. Beautiful blue-grey, ferny foliage 10 - 12 inches tall and spreading. Blooms prolifically in the spring to early summer with elegant white dangling blossoms. A beautiful addition to the woodland garden requiring light shade with moderate water once established. Goes dormant with summer drought. Flowers appeal to bumblebees and hummingbirds. Deer resistant.    

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Dichondra donelliana

(California ponysfoot)

Dichondra is a small genus of flowering plants in the morning glory family that form a thick, mat-like ground cover of rounded leaves, once popular as lawn substitutes. This native species is uncommon in the nursery trade and in gardens, but has potential worth exploring. Native to California coastal plant communities on open slopes and moist grasslands, it forms a flat, perennial ground cover with tidy, rounded leaves, densely packed along creeping stems. The flowers are tiny and greenish-white, not real showy but interesting. An obvious application would be a small scale ground cover or meadow planting in areas with some moisture. Could be a candidate for green roofs or walls, where a low and spreading plant is the ticket. Plant in full sun on the immediate coast, otherwise light shade is necessary. Moderate summer water.        

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Digitalis obscura

(sunset foxglove)

Native to the mountains of Spain and Northern Africa, this rugged perennial tolerates more sun and dryer conditions than many foxgloves. Flowering stems rise 1-2 ft. above the rosettes of narrow evergreen foliage. The tubular, pendulous flowers come in sunset colors of coppery orange, yellow and rusty red covered with fuzzy hairs and often sporting dark venation. Grow in full sun in coastal areas to light shade in hotter regions with moderate to occasional water. Attractive to bees and hummingbirds. Deer resistant.
Dodecatheon hendersonii  broad-leaved shooting star
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Dodecatheon hendersonii

(broad-leaved shooting star)

Plant description coming soon.
Dudleya  'Frank Reinelt' liveforever
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Dudleya 'Frank Reinelt'

(liveforever)

The beautiful Dudleya ‘Frank Reinelt’ will form dense mounds 6 - 8 inches tall with silvery finger-like leaves. Slender stalks appear in late spring and display flowers of soft yellow. They make handsome specimens in a rock garden or perform as a striking groundcover in mass plantings mixed with other coastal bluff plants like red buckwheat, seaside daisy, and sea thrift. Avoid over-watering and control snails. Full sun to light shade with good drainage.

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Dudleya Seedlings from 'Frank Reinelt'

(liveforever)

These seedlings from the beautiful Dudleya ‘Frank Reinelt’ will form dense mounds 6 - 8 inches tall with silvery finger-like leaves. They make handsome specimens in a rock garden or perform as a striking groundcover in mass plantings mixed with other coastal bluff plants like red buckwheat, seaside daisy, and sea thrift. Avoid over-watering and control snails. Full sun to light shade with good drainage.
Dudleya brittonii  giant chalk Dudleya
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Dudleya brittonii

(giant chalk Dudleya)

A Baja California native. Useful and very dramatic in containers or well-drained rock gardens. Likes a protected and sunny microclimate where cold air and winter wet can drain away. Ejoys a little afternoon shade in hotter climates. Develops up to 1 1/2 ft. wide rosettes with fleshy chalk-covered leaves. Yellow flowers sit atop tall stalks in late spring and early summer.
Dudleya cymosa  canyon liveforever
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Dudleya cymosa

(canyon liveforever)

This charming succulent is in native to California where it grows in between rocks on inland cliffs in sun or bright shade. Best in the garden in a rock wall or terra-cotta pot with some afternoon shade. Height in flower is under one foot. The yellow to orange flowers are attractive to hummingbirds. Occasional to infrequent water in the ground. In pots, let dry out between waterings.
Dudleya edulis  mission lettuce
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Dudleya edulis

(mission lettuce)

Native to rocky slopes and ledges below 3900’ in Southern Coastal California, the Peninsular Ranges, and Northern Baja California. This Dudleya forms clustering rosettes of dainty, light green, pencil-like leaves. In summer, tall stalks of fragrant, pale yellow flowers rise high above the foliage. Growing about a foot tall (with flowers) by one foot wide. Plant in well drained soil and cool full sun to part shade inland. A delicate accent in a rock garden or amongst coastal plants, also fine in containers. Known as “mission lettuce” for its fleshy raw leaves, once considered a delicacy.
Dudleya farinosa  bluff lettuce
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Dudleya farinosa

(bluff lettuce)

Native to sea bluffs in central and northern California. Rosettes of fleshy leaves are chalky grey or bright green and often red tipped. Candelabra-like clusters of light yellow flowers on thick stalks appear in summer. Provide part shade away from the coast. Excellent for rock garden, walls or containers, where good drainage and a little summer water can be provided.
Dudleya  farinosa - Noyo River form  bluff lettuce
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Dudleya farinosa - Noyo River form

(bluff lettuce)

  Perched on the cliffs of the Noyo River are beautiful rosettes of bluish-white succulents known as bluff lettuce. This special form from the Mendocino coast was selected by Matt Teel for it's small and compact stature, striking color and flat leaves. The foliage reaches a height of about 4 inches and slowly spreads to make small colonies. Yellow flowers sit atop slender pink stalks rising 8 inches off the ground. Provide protection from the afternoon sun in inland sites and plant in well-draining soil. Excellent in containers where it only needs occasional water.  

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Dudleya pulverulenta

(chalk liveforever)

Large, broad, chalky-white leaves forming rosettes up to two ft. wide make this Dudleya one of our most sought-after native succulents. A multitude of tubular red flowers appear in late spring and early summer on stalks reaching from 1.5 to 3 ft. tall. Fleshy, heart-shaped bracts line the stems. Plant in bright shade or provide morning sun and afternoon shade. Needs excellent drainage and infrequent irrigation. Plant at an angle to prevent water from gathering around the base in winter. A gravel mulch around the plant can help stabilize soil temperature and prevent excessive dehydration. Good container plant.

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Echeveria cultivars

Attractive evergreen clumping succulents, forming rosettes of waxy leaves with graceful flowers of yellow, orange, pink or rose on arching stems in late spring/summer. Not commonly found in true hot desert conditions, many echeverias originated in high, cold, plateaus of Mexico, the Peruvian Andes, tropical areas of South America, and a few in Texas. They are drought tolerant, but appreciate water while actively growing in summer, provided they dry out in between. Well drained soil is very important. Many are situated on mountains and rocky cliffs, giving them resistance to cold, and allowing any water collected in the middle of the rosette to drain off. Not typically frost hardy, they withstand cold (to 20 degrees) if kept protected (from frost) and dry (stop watering in late fall then begin sparingly in the spring). Many do well if grown under the protection of eaves or tall shrubs or trees, in a bright spot.  Flowers are long-lived in arrangements. Fantastic in containers, grouped with other succulents.
Elymus californicus  California bottlebrush grass
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Elymus californicus

(California bottlebrush grass)

California bottlebrush grass is a tall robust grass with broad, bright green blades and nodding brushlike flower spikes. Uncommon in the wild it can be found in coastal counties on shaded banks and wooded areas, including redwood forests. Displays 3 - 6 ft. tall flower stalks with low foliage up to 1 ft. high. Provide moderate to infrequent irrigation. Deer resistant.

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Elymus glaucus

(blue ryegrass)

A stiffly upright clump-forming grass with blue-green blades native to much of the western U. S.. The flowers form bristle-tipped narrow, vertical spikes, rising 2-3 feet tall. Easy to grow and a strong reseeder for full sun to light shade. Summer water keeps plants green longer, will go dormant with drought. Adaptable. Deer resistant.

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Elymus triticoides

(creeping wild rye)

Spreading, turf forming, perennial grass found in somewhat moist areas in many plant communities throughout California. An important restoration species useful for holding soil and enhancing wildlife habitat value. Growing 1-3 ft. tall and spreading widely with an extensive network of rhizomatous roots which both hold soil and help prevent exotic weed establishment within their dense mats of roots and foliage. Slender blue-green blades are topped with narrow flower spikes. Excellent for moist bottom land and riparian areas where it can grow in full sun to light shade and tolerates many soil types. Will tolerate some drought in heavier soils. May be too vigorous for small gardens.
Elymus (Leymus) condensatus 'Canyon Prince' giant ryegrass
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Elymus (Leymus) condensatus 'Canyon Prince'

(giant ryegrass)

Beautiful selection from the Channel Islands off Southern California. Lovely silver-blue blades 2 1/2 to 3 ft. tall and spreading. Sun to very light shade, moderate to little water. Tolerates heavy soil. Spreads by rhizomes, vigorously and invasively. Best to use where a large patch is desired.  Drought and deer tolerant.
Encelia californica 'El Dorado' bush sunflower
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Encelia californica 'El Dorado'

(bush sunflower)

Plant description coming soon.
Epilobium  'Chaparral Silver' California fuchsia
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Epilobium 'Chaparral Silver'

(California fuchsia)

This California fuchsia that we obtained from another grower appears to be identical to our ‘Roger’s U. C. Hybrid’ - same lovely gray foliage 12 -18 inches tall, spreading, with narrow red tubular flowers that the hummingbirds love. Provide full sun. Flowers best with occasional deep watering. Pruning plants down to a few inches in late autumn helps to rejuvenate them for the following year.
Epilobium  'Roger's U.C. Hybrid' California fuchsia
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Epilobium 'Roger's U.C. Hybrid'

(California fuchsia)

A California fuchsia that is upright in habit with narrow silver-gray foliage and slender trumpet-shaped blossoms of orange-red. Reaches a height of about 1 1/2 ft. and spreads easily. Very similar to the selections ‘Carman’s Gray’  and ‘Chaparral Silver’. Flowers best with occasional deep watering. Hummingbird favorite. Pruning plants down to a few inches in late autumn helps to rejuvenate them for the following year.
Epilobium  'Schieffelin's Choice' California fuchsia
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Epilobium 'Schieffelin's Choice'

(California fuchsia)

This California fuchsia grows close to the ground - 8 inches tall with arching flower stalks. Gray foliage makes a wonderful foil for the bright orangey-red tubular flowers which appear summer through fall. Believed to be a cross between E. septentrionale and E. canum. Provide full sun to very light shade. One of the more drought tolerant selections but flowers best with occasional deep watering. Hummingbird favorite. Pruning plants down to a few inches in late autumn helps to rejuvenate them for the following year. Perhaps more deer resistant than other California fuchsias.
Epilobium canum 'Bowman's Hybrid' California fuchsia
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Epilobium canum 'Bowman's Hybrid'

(California fuchsia)

This California fuchsia has distinctive narrow, olive-green foliage and an upright habit about 2-3 ft. tall and spreading widely. The orange-red tubular flowers are petite but profuse. Plant in sunny areas. Flowers best with occasional deep watering. Pruning plants down to a few inches in late autumn helps to rejuvinate them for the following year. Hummingbird favorite.
Epilobium canum 'Brilliant Smith' California fuchsia
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Epilobium canum 'Brilliant Smith'

(California fuchsia)

This California fuchsia grows 8 inches or so tall with wide green leaves. Especially large red tubular flowers appear in summer and continue into fall. 'Brilliant Smith' is one of the reddest California fuchsias. The habit of this plant can be improved with shearing in the winter. Flowers best with occasional deep watering. Hummingbird favorite.
Epilobium canum 'Calistoga' California fuchsia
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Epilobium canum 'Calistoga'

(California fuchsia)

Phil Van Soelen’s selection of California fuchsia from the Palisades east of Calistoga. Forms a spreading mat of unusually wide, fuzzy, gray leaves. The flowers are the typical hummingbird attracting orange-red trumpet shape and appear on stalks reaching up to 18 inches high. For sunny areas. Flowers best with occasional deep watering. Pruning plants down to a few inches in late autumn helps to rejuvenate them for the following year.
Epilobium canum 'Carman's Grey' California fuchsia
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Epilobium canum 'Carman's Grey'

(California fuchsia)

Plant description coming soon.
Epilobium canum 'Catalina' California fuchsia
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Epilobium canum 'Catalina'

(California fuchsia)

An outstanding selection of California fuchsia growing 3 ft. tall or more. This may be the tallest cultivar available, sometimes reaching as much as 5 ft. tall. The foliage is silvery-gray with an abundance of large, brilliant orangey-red tubular flowers late summer through fall. This species from southern California is particularly drought tolerant. Hummingbird favorite. Flowers best with occasional deep watering. Pruning plants down to a few inches in late autumn helps to rejuvenate them for the following year.
Epilobium canum 'Cloverdale' California fuchsia
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Epilobium canum 'Cloverdale'

(California fuchsia)

This form of California fuchsia was selected by U.C. Santa Cruz Arboretum from along the Russian River north of Cloverdale. Low, slightly mounding fuzzy olive-green foliage with an abundance of orangey-red tubular flowers the hummingbirds love. Usually stays bellow one ft. in height. 'Cloverdale' is one of the most orange selections of California fuchsia. Plant in full sun. Flowers best with occasional deep watering. Pruning plants down to a few inches in late autumn helps to rejuvenate them for the following year.
Epilobium canum 'Coral Canyon' California fuchsia
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Epilobium canum 'Coral Canyon'

(California fuchsia)

Plant description coming soon.
Epilobium canum 'Everett's Choice' California fuchsia
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Epilobium canum 'Everett's Choice'

(California fuchsia)

A low, spreading form of Californica fuchsia staying below one ft. in height. Distinctive for it's fuzzy, gray-green foliage with many scarlet tubular flowers from summer through to fall. Good for sunny areas, though tolerates light shade. Flowers best with occasional deep watering. Attracts hummingbirds. Pruning plants down to a few inches in late autumn helps to rejuvenate them for the following year.
Epilobium canum 'Garrison Canyon' California fuchsia
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Epilobium canum 'Garrison Canyon'

(California fuchsia)

This local selection of California fuchsia comes from the high banks of Rogers Creek, a seasonal creek in the hills above Mark West, in Sonoma County. Great for hot inland sites, this tough perennial forms a low, loose, floriferous mat over time. Orange-red tubular flowers bloom in abundance from early summer through fall.  Full sun to part shade with occasional deep watering in the summer. Hummingbird favorite. 

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Epilobium canum 'John Bixby'

(California fuchsia)

A Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden introduction, 'John Bixby' is a chance seedling of Epilobium 'Everett's Choice'. Forming a broad patch with a dense rounded form of grey-green foliage 12 -18 inches tall or more.  Showy, vivid red-orange tubular flowers put on a spectacular display from summer into fall and are highly attractive to hummingbirds. Vigorous perennial, spreading by underground rhizomes to form large colonies. Plant in full sun to light shade with occasional deep watering for best appearance. Cutting plants down after flowering rejuvinates them for the following year.  
Epilobium canum 'Liz's Choice' California fuchsia
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Epilobium canum 'Liz's Choice'

(California fuchsia)

This selection of California fuchsia features particularly large, trumpet-shaped, scarlet flowers atop stems reaching 3 ft. tall. The flowers, blooming from summer into fall, are a favorite of hummingbirds and bees. The lance-shaped leaves are a pewter green, providing a striking contrast to the brilliant flowers. It spreads over time to create small colonies. Trim plants down to about 4 inches in winter for vigorous, tidy growth the next year. Provide moderate to infrequent irrigation and full sun. This beautiful cultivar was selected by Milo Baker Chapter CNPS Fellow Liz Parsons.
Epilobium canum 'Marin Pink' California fuchsia
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Epilobium canum 'Marin Pink'

(California fuchsia)

California fuchsias are appreciated for their abundant tubular flowers that bloom in late summer and fall, predominantly in different shades of orange-red. This unusual selection has beautiful PINK tubular flowers produced on sage green mounds of foliage to about 2 ft. tall and spreading by underground rhizomes. Vigorous and easy to grow in full sun to very light shade. Touted as drought tolerant, they will survive dry conditions but will thrive with occasional summer water. Beautiful against a rock wall, in dry stream beds, or naturalistic plantings where they have some room to spread. Hummingbird favorite. Pruning plants down to a few inches in late autumn helps to rejuvenate them for the following year.
Epilobium canum 'Solidarity Pink' California fuchsia
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Epilobium canum 'Solidarity Pink'

(California fuchsia)

A California fuchsia color breakthrough discovered in the Sierra foothills. Forms a loose, billowy plant 10 - 12 inches tall with flesh pink colored tubular blossoms. Looks great spilling over walls. Sun to light shade. Flowers best with occasional deep watering. Hummingbird favorite. The habit of this plant can be improved with shearing in the winter.
Epilobium canum 'Summer Snow' California fuchsia
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Epilobium canum 'Summer Snow'

(California fuchsia)

Known for their abundant showy red flowers, this variety offers surprising clean-white blossoms on low growing green foliage up to 10 inches tall. Spreading by underground rhizomes, this mat forming perennial grows in full sun to light shade with occasional to little summer water once established. Perfect in naturalistic plantings, on slopes amongst boulders, dry creek beds or rock walls. California fuchsias bloom heavily late summer into fall and their tubular flowers are hummingbird favorites. The habit of this plant can be improved with shearing in the winter.
Epilobium septentrionale 'Select Mattole' California fuchsia
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Epilobium septentrionale 'Select Mattole'

(California fuchsia)

This California fuchsia forms tidy, low, 6 inch high mats of beautiful silver foliage with a matte finish. Late summer through fall brings orangey-red tubular flowers which attract hummingbirds. A somewhat redder flowering selection. Spreading by underground rhizomes, this Epilobium increases a little less vigorously than the others. Full sun to light shade. More shade tolerant than most California fuschias. Needs more water than most Epilobiums. Pruning plants down to a few inches in late autumn helps to rejuvenate them for the following year.

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Epilobium septentrionale 'Wayne's Silver'

(California fuchsia)

The silver leaves and bright red trumpet-shaped flowers make this California fuchsia a knockout in the native garden.  Only getting about 10 inches tall and slowly spreading to form drifts, this is a great ground cover for full sun to light shade. A little shade in hot interior areas may be required. This selection spreads less aggressive than most other California fuchsia. Provide moderate to occasional irrigation once established. Looks best if sheared to the the ground every winter for healthy, vigorous growth the next spring. VERY similar to 'Select Mattole'. A favorite of hummingbirds and bees.
Epipactus gigantea  stream orchid
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Epipactus gigantea

(stream orchid)

Here’s a native orchid that’s easy in cultivation. In time it will form a colony producing many flower stems. Each stem holds several interesting orchid blossoms of subtle orange tones 12 - 18 inches tall. Dies back to the ground in winter. Best with good drainage and regular to moderate moisture (NOT soggy soils) and dappled shade part of the day. Wonderful addition to the woodland garden, around pond or near streams. Good in containers too.
Epipactus gigantea 'Serpentine Night' stream orchid
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Epipactus gigantea 'Serpentine Night'

(stream orchid)

The stream orchid is found in perennial streams, seepages, or other permanently moist places in California. Spreads by runners and will form a colony producing many flower stems. Each stem holds several orchid blosssoms of subtle orange tones 12 - 18 inches tall. The cultivar ‘Serpentine Night’ has wonderful dark purple foliage, emerging in the spring almost black. As the season progresses the color changes to dark bronze then bronzy green. Goes dormant in winter. Best with good light but may need afternoon shade in hot areas. Easy to grow with regular to moderate water. Excellent in containers.
Equisetum hymale v. robustum  horsetail
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Equisetum hymale v. robustum

(horsetail)

Horsetail’s wonderful form can be very useful in the landscape BUT BEWARE of its invasive nature. Best confined to containers where its slender, hollow stems can rise 4 ft. tall or more. Sun to light shade, regular water. Deer resistant.
Ericameria arborescens  goldenfleece
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Ericameria arborescens

(goldenfleece)

Native to chaparral regions throughout California, this tall, billowy shrub stands out with its soft and narrow, bright green leaves and, in the summer and early fall, clusters of small yellow flowers. Goldenfleece reaches 6 ft. or more tall with a width of around 4 ft. A wonderful accent plant for the dry garden, especially when combined with dark-foliaged plants such as ceanothus, toyon and manzanitas. Prefers full sun and excellent drainage. Very drought tolerant once established. Excellent for bees and butterflies. Deer resistant.
Ericameria ericoides  mock heather
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Ericameria ericoides

(mock heather)

Native to sand dunes from Long Beach north to Bodega Bay, this low shrub resembles a heather, covered with clusters of small yellow daisies in late summer and fall. Reaching a height of up to 3 feet and spreading to 4 feet, making it an ideal shrub for the smaller garden. Needs occasional water in interior locations and full sun to light shade. Requires well-draining soil. Plant with Ceanothus, low manzanitas and pacific reed grass for a taste of the coast in your own garden.Excellent late season nectar source for bees and butterflies. A light winter pruning will help keep it dense and compact. Said to be deer resistant.
Erigeron  'Olga'
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Erigeron 'Olga'

A fine seaside daisy hybrid introduced by Siskiyou Rare Plant Nursery in Oregon. Forms a tidy, dense mat of dark green foliage. Lavender daisies rise 12 inches above the compact foliage late spring into summer. Plant in full sun along the coast, part shade inland with moderate to occasional summer water. This compact grower is perfect for small spaces, troughs or containers. Bee and butterfly favorite.
Erigeron  'W.R.' seaside daisy
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Erigeron 'W.R.'

(seaside daisy)

The "W. R." stands for the late Wayne Roderick, whom we can thank for many fine plant introductions. This hybrid involves the seaside daisy, Erigeron glaucus and some other native species more tolerant of heat. The lavender daisies sit on slender stalks about 10 inches above low rosettes of narrow leaves. The flowers bloom over a long period in summer and are very attractive to pollinators of all sorts. Provide full sun to part shade and moderate to occasional irrigation. Their seeds are favored by juncos and finches.
Erigeron glaucus  seaside daisy
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Erigeron glaucus

(seaside daisy)

Low growing native perennial to 1 ft. tall with lovely, lavender, daisy-like flowers blooming over a long part of the year. Native to coastal dunes and bluffs, but does well inland with some afternoon shade and a little extra summer water. A natural along the coast where it thrives with little to no summer water and tolerates wind and salt spray. Good nectar source for butterflies and many different pollinators. Their seeds are favored by juncos and finches.
Erigeron glaucus 'Bountiful' seaside daisy
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Erigeron glaucus 'Bountiful'

(seaside daisy)

Forms a lush mound of foliage 10 inches - 1 ft. tall by 2 ft. wide. Exceptionally floriferous and long blooming, 'Bountiful' offers masses of lavender daisies with yellow centers held above loose rosettes of green foliage. It slowly spreads to form drifts which combine wonderfully with Iris and low grasses.  A natural along the coast where it grows in full sun and is drought tolerant. Appreciates some afternoon shade and summer water inland. A reliable and easy to grow perennial. Butterfly and bee favorite. Their seeds are favored by juncos and finches.
Erigeron glaucus 'Cal Flora' seaside daisy
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Erigeron glaucus 'Cal Flora'

(seaside daisy)

This seedling appeared at the base of a decorative pot planted with Erigeron glaucus ‘Cape Sebastian’. The seedling's foliage and form appears to be intermediate between Erigeron glaucus 'Cape Sebastian’ and Erigeron glaucus 'Bountiful'. It has a nice dense habit, though a bit taller than ‘Cape Sebastian', with larger and darker flowers held just above the foliage at about 10 inches in height. A natural along the coast where it thrives with little to no summer water once established and tolerates wind and salt spray. In hotter inland conditions give some afternoon shade and additional summer water. Good pollen and nectar source for bees and butterflies. Their seeds are favored by juncos and finches.
Erigeron glaucus 'Cape Sebastian' seaside daisy
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Erigeron glaucus 'Cape Sebastian'

(seaside daisy)

This selection of the West Coast native seaside daisy is from Oregon, just north of the California border. A compact and dense mound up to 6 inches high, topped with lavender daisies over a long period. Full sun near coast, light shade in hot regions. Best with moderate to occasional summer water in hotter climates. A favorite of pollinators. Their seeds are favored by juncos and finches. 
Erigeron glaucus 'White Lights' white seaside daisy
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Erigeron glaucus 'White Lights'

(white seaside daisy)

This unusual white flowering form of seaside daisy was discovered along a coastal bluff in Sonoma County by Roger Raiche. It has been a long bloomer, starting in spring and continuing into autumn. Reaches a height of up to 1 ft. and spreads to form a small clump. Prefers sun, decent drainage, and is drought tolerant once established. A little shade and moderate to occasional water is best in hot inland sites. A member of the sunflower family, seaside daisies are excellent sources of both nectar and pollen for butterflies, bees and other pollinators. Their seeds are favored by juncos and finches.
Eriodictyon californicum  yerba santa
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Eriodictyon californicum

(yerba santa)

Plant description coming soon.
Eriogonum  arborescens  Santa Cruz Island buckwheat
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Eriogonum arborescens

(Santa Cruz Island buckwheat)

A large, shrubby buckwheat with narrow, pale green foliage and sturdy, flat-topped inflorescences of creamy white to pink flowers. The flowers age over time, eventually turning reddish brown, remaining ornamental for a long period. Grows 3 to 4  ft. tall and slightly wider. Normal to very lean well-drained soils. Especially drought tolerant along the coast, may need infrequent summer water inland and possibly a little afternoon shade. Buckwheats are excellent additions to habitat gardens, providing pollen and nectar for bees and butterflies and seeds for many creatures. Deer resistant.
Eriogonum crocatum  saffron buckwheat
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Eriogonum crocatum

(saffron buckwheat)

A rare buckwheat grown for its beautiful gray, felty foliage and bright, clear yellow flowers. The yellow flowers open from brown buds and then age to a dark rusty brown. Grows 1 - 2 ft. tall and wide, this perennial requires full sun and good drainage. Little to no summer water once established. This Ventura County, California native is hardy to about 15°F. Good nectar source for bees and butterflies. Deer resistant.
Eriogonum fasciculatum  California buckwheat
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Eriogonum fasciculatum

(California buckwheat)

This adaptable buckwheat is a native of central and southern California. It is a pioneer plant capable of surviving and colonizing some of the hottest driest sites. These attributes are very useful in a garden setting but it should not be planted in or adjacent to wildlands where it may escape and displace local natives. Small native shrub, forming a broad mound 2 - 3 ft. high and about 3 ft. wide. Flower clusters are creamy white to pink, turning an attractive rust color with age. Good erosion control plant - best in a well drained, sunny site. Flowers attractive to bees and butterflies. Deer resistant.
Eriogonum fasciculatum 'Warriner Lytle' California buckwheat
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Eriogonum fasciculatum 'Warriner Lytle'

(California buckwheat)

An interesting form of California buckwheat introduced by the Theodore Payne Foundation. Grows quickly into a low and spreading evergreen groundcover clothed with small, needle-like leaves, 18 inches tall and 6 to 8 feet wide. From late spring to early fall, tight clusters of creamy-whitish pink flowers appear which are very attractive to bees and butterflies. As the flowers go to seed they gradually turn dark russet and are attractive to seed eating birds and mammals. Excellent for dry slopes where it will grow in full sun to light shade with good drainage. Quite drought tolerant once established. Deer resistant.  
Eriogonum giganteum  St. Catherine's Lace
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Eriogonum giganteum

(St. Catherine's Lace)

Native to the Channel Islands of Southern California, this buckwheat can grow to be a very large, mounding shrub with gray felted leaves 3 - 4 ft. tall or more. The flower stalks have large, flat sprays of cream-colored to pale pink flowers in summer and are prized by arrangers of dried bouquets. Flowers are attractive to bees and butterflies and birds enjoy the seeds. Best in sunny well-drained sites. Drought tolerant but in hot inland situations they look best with occasional deep waterings in summer.
Eriogonum grande var. rubescens  red buckwheat
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Eriogonum grande var. rubescens

(red buckwheat)

Small, choice, native perennial for a sunny spot. A low mound of grey-green foliage with flower stems up to a foot tall with flat heads of intense rosy-pink. Buckwheats have substantial wildlife value, providing pollen and nectar for bees and butterflies, larval food for butterflies, seeds for birds and cover for many creatures.  Drought tolerant once established. An excellent rock garden plant.
Eriogonum heracleoides  Wyeth buckwheat
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Eriogonum heracleoides

(Wyeth buckwheat)

Plant description coming soon.
Eriogonum latifolium  coastal bluff buckwheat
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Eriogonum latifolium

(coastal bluff buckwheat)

Native to our coastal bluffs, this perennial forms neat mounds of silvery white foliage under 1 ft. tall. Flowers develop in dense pom-poms and are creamy white to pinkish. Tolerates sun, wind and drought once established but needs decent drainage. Provide occasional summer irrigation to keep them looking their best. Buckwheats have substantial wildlife value, providing pollen and nectar for bees and butterflies, larval food for butterflies, seeds for birds and cover for many creatures. Deer resistant.
Eriogonum nudum  naked buckwheat
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Eriogonum nudum

(naked buckwheat)

  Few natives are as excellent a source of nectar for bees and butterflies as the buckwheats. This widely distributed species is known for its elegant flower displays on naked stems rising one to three feet above low mounds of grey-green leaves. Naked buckwheat has flower pom-poms ranging in color from white to pink set on slender stems in open clusters up to twelve inches wide. Blooms from late spring into early autumn. Provide full sun to very light shade in soil with decent drainage. Drought tolerant once established. Generally deer resistant.  
Eriogonum nudum 'Ella Nelson's Yellow' naked buckwheat
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Eriogonum nudum 'Ella Nelson's Yellow'

(naked buckwheat)

The naked buckwheat has the widest distribution of all the buckwheats, occurring from the coast to timberline in the mountains. This interesting seed strain was collected by Eric Nelson along the middle fork of the Eel River in Mendocino County and named for his grandmother. Instead of the more common white or pink flowers of the species, this strain has beautiful yellow flowers. The spoon shaped leaves which form a low rosette are grey green on top and white and wooly beneath. Late spring brings a multitude of small, bright yellow flowers carried on the bare, leafless stems 12-18 inches above the foliage. Best on well drained soils in full sun where they are drought tolerant once established. Buckwheats are highly attractive to nectar feeding insects. Deer resistant.

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Eriogonum parvifolium 'Moss Landing'

(seacliff buckwheat)

Native to coastal bluffs of the central and south coast. Forms a mounding shrub 2 ft. or more tall by 2 – 3 ft. wide with thick, dark green, triangular shaped leaves often with a reddish tinge, and white and woolly beneath. Round pom-poms of white to pink flowers over a long period late spring and summer, fade to an attractive russet brown. A natural for coastal areas where it grows fast in full sun with good drainage and is very drought tolerant once established. Inland, a little afternoon shade is recommended. Looks great on slopes or draping over walls.  An important pollinator plant, appealing to a wide array of insects. In its native range, the rare and endangered El Segundo blue butterfly relies exclusively on this species in all stages of its life cycle. Deer tolerant.        

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Eriogonum umbellatum

(sulphur flower buckwheat)

Intense yellow flowers in flat-topped clusters sit atop short stems above grey to green foliage. Ranging in height from 10 to 18 inches, this highly variable and widely distributed California native is an excellent addition to the drought tolerant garden. Provide decent drainage and occasional to no irrigation once established. Full sun to light shade. Just like all buckwheats, this species is loved by bees and butterflies. The foliage is deer resistant but they may nibble the flowers.
Eriogonum umbellatum var. aureum 'Kannah Creek' golden sulphur flower buckwheat
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Eriogonum umbellatum var. aureum 'Kannah Creek'

(golden sulphur flower buckwheat)

Selected from the Kannah Creek region of Western Colorado, this durable perennial will make a fine addition to the dry garden. Forms low mats of leathery leaves 12-24 inches wide, which turn shades of red and purple in the autumn. Masses of bright yellow flowers on stalks 12-15 inches tall appear late spring to early summer and deepen in color to orange as they age. Plant in full sun to light shade with occasional to little water. Drought tolerant once established. Buckwheats attract an array of beneficial insects, provide pollen and nectar for bees and butterflies and seeds for birds.
Eriogonum umbellatum var. polyanthum 'Shasta Sulphur' sulphur flower buckwheat
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Eriogonum umbellatum var. polyanthum 'Shasta Sulphur'

(sulphur flower buckwheat)

A striking selection of the sulphur flower buckwheat. Great choice for a dry sunny border or rock garden with decent drainage. Grows 1+1/2 ft. tall by 2 ft. broad. Smothered with clusters of intensely yellow flowers in spring which fade to orange russet then coppery brown. Needs full sun to bright shade and is drought tolerant once established. Buckwheats have substantial wildlife value, providing pollen and nectar for bees and butterflies, larval food for butterflies, seeds for birds and cover for many creatures. Deer resistant.
Eriogonum vimineum  wicker buckwheat
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Eriogonum vimineum

(wicker buckwheat)

Here is an ANNUAL buckwheat found throughout much of California, growing on gravely and volcanic soils. Summer brings showy domes of rose-pink flowers held on wiry stems 18 inches above small clumps of basal leaves. Buckwheats are excellent for attracting beneficial insects providing pollen and nectar for bees and butterflies and seeds for birds. Plant in full sun with little water once established. Good container plant too.

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Eriophyllum confertiflorum

(golden yarrow)

Native to dry sites in many plant communities of California. Forms a mound of pale green, finely cut foliage with woolly undersides 12-24 inches tall. Late spring and summer brings domes of bright golden yellow daisies in dense heads. Tough little shrublet for the dry garden in full sun where its interesting fine-textured foliage provides a useful contrast to grasses and bold-leaved shrubs and perennials. The flowers provide nectar to bees and butterflies. Needs good drainage.
Eriophyllum lanatum 'Horseshoe Cove' woolly sunflower
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Eriophyllum lanatum 'Horseshoe Cove'

(woolly sunflower)

This western native grows on rocky slopes and bluffs over a wide range of plant communities in California, Oregon and Washington. This low dense coastal selection forms a mat of woolly, bright green foliage just a few inches tall and 1-2 ft. across, topped with cheerful golden yellow daisies rising to 6 inches tall, late spring and summer. The flowers are attractive to bees, butterflies and other beneficial insects. Plant in full sun to light shade inland with good drainage and moderate summer water.
Eriophyllum lanatum 'Siskiyou' woolly sunflower
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Eriophyllum lanatum 'Siskiyou'

(woolly sunflower)

An extremely variable species ranging from the immediate coast to the high mountains of California and into Oregon. The cultivar 'Siskiyou' is a Siskiyou Rare Plant Nursery selection. Lush gray-green woolly foliage forms low mats up to 10 inches and 2-3 feet wide. Blooms over a long period, spring into fall with cheery 2 inch golden-yellow daisies. This tough perennial will thrive in full sun to light shade, decent drainage and moderate to infrequent summer water once established. The open faced daisies are an excellent sources of pollen and nectar and make good platforms for insects to perch, attracting butterflies, bees and other insects.      

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Eriophyllum staechadifolium

(lizard tail)

This native perennial is perfect for coastal environments where it tolerates full sun, wind, salt spray and drought. Forms leafy mounds 1 - 3 ft. tall and wide. The foliage is dark green above and silvery beneath with flower heads densley packed with tiny golden-yellow daisies over a long period. Drought tolerant but appreciates occasional summer waterings. Excellent for pollinators.  
Erysimum concinnum  Point Reyes wallflower
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Erysimum concinnum

(Point Reyes wallflower)

Plant description coming soon!
Erysimum franciscanum  San Francisco wallflower
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Erysimum franciscanum

(San Francisco wallflower)

This rare and threatened species makes its home in the sand dunes and hills of the San Francisco Bay area.  Development has seriously impacted its native habitat.  Fragrant, four-petaled flowers ranging in color from creamy white to yellow rise up to 18” above dark green foliage in the spring and early summer.  Thrives with good drainage and occasional water once established.  Plant this special wallflower in full sun with other small perennials such as buckwheats, checkermallows and coyote mint. Attractive to butterflies.      

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Erysimum menziesii

(Menzie's wallflower)

  A rare species native to sand dunes along the north coast of California. Forms tight mounds of narrow leaves 8-12 inches tall and wide.  Bright-yellow fragrant flowers bloom in late spring and will continue into summer with a little additional summer watering. The fragrant flowers are butterfly favorites. Adaptable and can seed about if happy, though not weedy. Requires good drainage, full sun, to light shade inland, with moderate to occasional summer water. Said to be deer tolerant.   
Erysimum menziesii var. yadonii  Yadon's wallflower
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Erysimum menziesii var. yadonii

(Yadon's wallflower)

Menzies’ wallflower is a rare plant found in coastal dune plant communities from Humboldt County to Monterey County. The variety yadonii has a limited distribution on the Monterey Coast.  A short lived perennial which forms a rosette of dark-green fleshy spoon-shaped leaves. Dense clusters of bright-yellow fragrant flowers bloom in the spring. A natural along the coast where it will thrive in sun with good drainage and moderate to infrequent water. Light shade in hot regions. A perfect companion with other coastal bluff plants such as seaside daisy, sea thrift, Douglas Iris or checkerbloom. Bee and butterfly favorite.

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Erythronium oregonum

(giant fawn lily)

The giant fawn lily adds a delicate accent in the spring to the bright shade garden featuring starlike flowers of creamy-white with yellow centers. Reaching to a height of about 1 ft when in bloom with low, broad leaves attractively mottled. This bulb will slowly increase to form little clumps, ideal for the forest rock garden. Provide good drainage and water infrequently during it's summer dormancy. 
Eschscholzia californica - cream colored flowers  cream colored California poppy
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Eschscholzia californica - cream colored flowers

(cream colored California poppy)

Smaller in stature than the typical robust orange forms of California poppy, this perennial fits into plantings nicely without overwhelming. Low foliage is ferny and finely dissected and topped with cup-shaped blossoms that are a lovely shade of cream to pale yellow. Best in full sun with dryish conditions. Given the opportunity may seed about. Flowers provide pollen that is favored by native bees, bumbles and honey bees.  
Eschscholzia californica var. maritima  California poppy coastal form
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Eschscholzia californica var. maritima

(California poppy coastal form)

This is the perennial, coastal form of California poppy. Low growing and spreading with beautiful, finely cut, blue-gray foliage. Abundant flowers are golden yellow with orange centers, blooming over a long period, especially in mild climates. Plants retreat to leafy rosettes in winter. Best in full sun where they are drought tolerant, but a little summer water can extend their bloom period. Seeds about if happy.