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Madia elegans  elegant tarweed
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Madia elegans

(elegant tarweed)

Native ANNUAL growing 3-4 ft. tall with multi branching aromatic stems. Cheerful bright yellow daisies top the stems in the summer and can be solid yellow or may have a maroon spot at the base of each petal. Tarweeds are an important late nectar source for butterflies, bees and other beneficial insects. The seeds are relished by small mammals and birds, especially finches. Native to grasslands and open forests, well adapted to clay soils and full sun, perfectly adapted to our long, dry summers.
Madia (Anisocarpus) madioides  woodland madia
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Madia (Anisocarpus) madioides

(woodland madia)

A quiet perennial, native to woods and coniferous forests of California from sea level to 4000 ft. Dark green, narrow leaves are covered with soft hairs and forms a sturdy, low, perennial clump. The bright yellow daisies top 8-10 inch flower stems over a long period, from late spring into summer. Able to thrive in dry shady conditions. May seed about in a friendly way.
Maianthemum dilatatum  false lily of the valley
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Maianthemum dilatatum

(false lily of the valley)

This lush, lily relative is native to coastal forests of Northern California to Alaska. When happy, spreads by underground root stocks to form broad mats of heart-shaped, glossy, green leaves with parallel veins. Bears clusters of tiny white flowers followed by red, translucent berries. Dies back to the ground in winter. Loves shade and moisture. Competes well with tree roots.
Maianthemum (Smilacina) racemosum  fat false Solomon's seal
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Maianthemum (Smilacina) racemosum

(fat false Solomon's seal)

Choice herbaceous perennial native to moist woodlands in California and throughout North America. Forms robust clumps of arching branches 2-3 ft. tall. The branch tips carry dense panicles of sweetly fragrant, white, star-shaped flowers in late spring. Clusters of red berries follow in summer and fall. A lovely addition to the shade garden where it thrives in well drained, woodsy soil with some summer moisture. In cooler coastal environments can go summer dry once established. This lily family member slowly spreads to form striking clumps which die back to the ground in the winter. An elegant and long lived beauty.
Maianthemum (Smilacina) stellatum  slim false Solomon's seal
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Maianthemum (Smilacina) stellatum

(slim false Solomon's seal)

Native to California and much of North America, this woodlander makes a worthy and useful addition to the shade garden. Spreading by stout rhizomes forming colonies of lush, green foliage one foot to 18 inches tall. Small, white, star-shaped flowers top the slender stems in the spring and early summer. Berries follow that are often striped with purple or black, eventually turning red. Thrives in shade with moisture but tolerates dryish conditions once established. Can grow in quite a bit of light as long as there is moisture. A variety of insects seek nectar or pollen from the flowers and woodland song birds love the berries.
Malacothamnus fasciculatus 'Casitas' chapparal bush mallow
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Malacothamnus fasciculatus 'Casitas'

(chapparal bush mallow)

Plant description coming soon.
Malacothamnus fremontii  fremont's bush mallow
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Malacothamnus fremontii

(fremont's bush mallow)

A fast growing, thicket forming, native shrub with silvery white, felted foliage 4 - 6 ft. tall and spreading. A profusion of pale-pink, cup-shaped flowers decorate the branch tips in summer. A tough and adaptable shrub for sunny dry areas, appreciating occasional summer water once established. Useful on banks or other challenging sites. Host plant for the Painted Lady and West Coast Lady butterfly. An excellent nectar source for orioles. Deer often seem to leave it alone.
Malacothamnus palmeri var. lucianus  Santa Lucia bush mallow
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Malacothamnus palmeri var. lucianus

(Santa Lucia bush mallow)

From the hot valleys of the Santa Lucia mountains in central California comes this rare form of the native bush-mallow. Deep pink, cup-shaped flowers appear in late spring and early summer above the fuzzy, light green leaves. Reaches a height of about 6 ft and slowly spreads to form colonies. Give full sun to light shade and provide little to no water once established. A good choice for hot, dry banks with Toyon, Ceanothus and Manzanita. An excellent nectar source for orioles. Deer seem to leave it alone.
Marah fabacea  wild cucumber, California manroot
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Marah fabacea

(wild cucumber, California manroot)

Description coming soon.
Marah oregana  coast man-root, wild cucumber
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Marah oregana

(coast man-root, wild cucumber)

A native perennial vine found in coastal counties from Santa Clara, California to British Columbia. Growing from a massive, enlarged tuber in forest edges and riparian habitats. The lush-green, palmate leaves with spiraling tendrils clamber along the ground and climb and sprawl over shrubs and trees. White, star-like flowers bloom in the spring and are favored by native bees as well as honeybees. The flowers lead to showy, inflated, bright-green, fruits with soft spines. The generic name Marah comes from the Hebrew word for bitter, in reference to all parts of the plants being extremely bitter to taste. Completely herbaceous, dying back to the woody root in late summer or fall, returning in the spring. Best with part shade. Quite drought tolerant but will accept moderate irrigation. Probably deer resistant. 
Marrubium bourgaei 'All Hallow's Green' false dittany
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Marrubium bourgaei 'All Hallow's Green'

(false dittany)

A first rate foliage plant with beautiful chartreuse, textured leaves, growing into a low mound around 18 inches tall and wide. This small, neat, perennial grows in full sun to light shade and is drought tolerant once established. Summer brings tiny, pale yellow-green flowers in ball like clusters attractive to pollinators. Likes good drainage. Useful in a sunny border or rock garden. Deer resistant.  

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Melica californica

(California melic grass)

Here is a tough and handsome bunchgrass native to the grasslands and oak woodlands of northern and central coast ranges and the Sierra Nevada foothills. Bright green blades grow about one foot tall. The flower spikes are made up of glistening papery bracts and grow 2 - 4 ft. tall. The ornamental flowering culms remain attractive even after this grass has gone dormant, and is also useful as a “cut” in floral arrangements. Tolerant of many soil types, though it requires good drainage. Plant in full sun to light shade where it is very drought tolerant. Deer resistant.

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Melica harfordii

(woodland melic)

A lovely and useful grass native to dryish slopes and canyons of coniferous forests from central California to British Columbia. Forms a loose vertical clump with slightly arching stems 2 to 4 ft. tall. The delicate, narrow flower spikes add a sparkling effect to the woodland garden. Useful in lightly shaded plantings, where it is drought tolerant especially in cooler areas like western Sonoma County. It would benefit from occasional water during the dry season in warmer regions. Adds a nice vertical touch, as a specimen or in mass. Deer resistant.

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Melica imperfecta

(small-flowered melicgrass)

Native to dry hillsides, chaparral and open woodlands of southern and central California. This dainty native perennial grass grows 1 - 3 ft. tall in flower with narrow, glossy leaves at its base. The slender flower panicles provide a delicate effect, starting out cream and aging to beige. Grows best in cool sun or part shade and responds to some irrigation. Goes dormant if allowed to go summer dry once established, turning green with the winter rains. Useful for lightly shaded meadow plantings and stabilizing slopes. Deer resistant.

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Melica torreyana

(Torrey's melic)

At its best in winter and early spring, this little northern California bunchgrass is a perfect mound of soft green blades. In full bloom it can reach 1 - 3 ft. tall, followed by typical melic fruit resembling small brown rice grains held close to the stem. Grows in sun and shade in nature but performs best/longest in the garden in part shade. Will go semi-summer dormant with drought. Deer resistant.
Mimulus  'Changeling' monkeyflower
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Mimulus 'Changeling'

(monkeyflower)

           
Mimulus  'Creamsicle' monkeyflower
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Mimulus 'Creamsicle'

(monkeyflower)

This is one of Phil's first hybrid monkeyflowers using Mimulus bifidus from Bowman Lake in the Sierra Nevada (thanks to Ted Kipping).  'Creamsicle' blossoms are a beautiful shade of pastel orange with a white throat and dark orange nectar guides giving it a two toned affect.  It has proved long lived in both Fulton and Sebastopol.  It has the useful characteristic of sprouting new growth from the base so that old growth can be pruned away. Best with light shade and good drainage. Keep the soil on the dry side in summer and fertilize minimally. The flowers provide nectar for hummingbirds.  
Mimulus  'Eleanor' monkeyflower
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Mimulus 'Eleanor'

(monkeyflower)

The shrubby monkey flowers are native, floriferous subshrubs that bloom spring through the summer. Best with good drainage, light shade and careful watering. They do not flourish with drip irrigation and are best with occasional deep watering once established. Monkey flowers can be brittle and pinching helps produce a good scaffold for these profusely blooming plants. The selection ‘Eleanor’, introduced by Yerba Buena Nursery, offers an abundance of soft orangey-yellow blossoms edged in white. Growing around 3 foot tall and wide. Monkey flowers are deer resistant and are a larval food source for the painted lady and checkerspot butterfly.
Mimulus   'Fiesta Marigold' monkeyflower
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Mimulus 'Fiesta Marigold'

(monkeyflower)

This monkeyflower hybrid is a selection from plant breeder Richard Persoff, part of his trade marked Jelly Bean series. Selected for it's large and frilly, brick-red blossoms edged in orange, on compact plants 18 inches to 2 feet tall and wide. Valued for their long bloom, monkeyflowers perform best with good drainage and sun to light shade. Drought tolerant, but some occasional summer water is helpful. Monkeyflowers benifit from pinching to produce a nice shape and strong structure to hold the abundant blossoms. Highly attractive to bees and hummingbirds. Deer resisitant.       

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Mimulus 'Georgie Red'

(monkeyflower)

This hybrid monkey flower is the result of a breeding program by Ball Horticultural Co. using both wild and commercial material. Compact habit, growing 1-2 ft. tall and wide with large deep brick red flowers that have an apricot edge to the frilly petals. Monkeyflowers prefer good drainage in sun to light shade with occasional deep watering. Humming bird favorites and deer resistant.  
Mimulus  'Jelly Bean Lemon' monkeyflower
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Mimulus 'Jelly Bean Lemon'

(monkeyflower)

Another selection from the Jelly Bean series of hybrid monkeyflowers. Dark green compact foliage grows 18 inches to 2 ft. tall and wide. Glowing, lemon-yellow, frilly flowers over a long period decorate the branch tips. Valued for their long bloom period, monkeyflowers perform best with good drainage and sun to light shade. Drought tolerant, but some occasional summer water is helpful. These short lived perennials benifit from pinching to produce a nice shape and strong structure to hold the abundant blossoms. Nice in containers too. Highly attractive to bees and hummingbirds. Deer resisitant. 
Mimulus   'Jelly Bean Orange' monkeyflower
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Mimulus 'Jelly Bean Orange'

(monkeyflower)

'Jelly Bean Orange' is another selection from the Jelly Bean Series of hybrid monkey flowers. Chosen for it's compact habit and heavy display of large, bright-orange frilly blossoms. Monkey flowers are a useful group of free flowering, drought tolerant, native sub-shrubs that bloom spring through summer. Best with good drainage, light shade and careful watering. Monkey flowers do best with an occasional deep watering in the summer and pinching to form good support for the profuse blossoms.  Bees, butterflies and hummingbirds work the flowers and the painted lady and checkerspot butterflies use it as a larval food source. Deer resistant.             
Mimulus  'Peach Hybrid' monkeyflower
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Mimulus 'Peach Hybrid'

(monkeyflower)

This dependable Mimulus hybrid is one of the oldest in our collection.  It has large orange frilly blossoms.  Grows 2-3 ft. tall and blooms profusely in the spring and summer often into autumn. Drought tolerant shrub which can grow in sun to light shade and benefit from pinching back to form a strong framework for floral display and to keep compact. They require good drainage and respond to occasional watering, but resent drip irrigation systems that deliver water on a regular basis.  Deer resistant.  Larval food source for painted lady and checkerspot butterfly.
Mimulus  'Phil's White' monkeyflower
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Mimulus 'Phil's White'

(monkeyflower)

This monkeyflower opens pale yellow-ivory and fades to white. It's a cross between the lovely but cold tender White Verity hybrid and Mimulus bifidus from Bowman Lake in the Sierra Nevada (thanks to Ted Kipping). It has proved long lived in both Fulton and Sebastopol. It has the useful characteristic of sprouting new growth from the base so that old growth can be pruned away. Best with light shade and good drainage. Keep the soil on the dry side in summer and fertilize minimally. The flowers provide nectar for hummingbirds.
Mimulus  'Trish' monkey flower
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Mimulus 'Trish'

(monkey flower)

Another hybrid monkeyflower developed by Richard Persoff, sporting large rosy-pink flowers. Floriferous, drought tolerant, native sub-shrub growing 1 - 2 ft. tall and wide. Best with good drainage, light shade and careful watering. Best with occasional deep watering in the summer and pinching to form good support for the abundant flowers. Bees, butterflies and hummingbirds work the flowers, painted lady and checkerspot butterflies use it as a larval food source. Deer resisitant.    

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Mimulus 'U.C. Hybrid'

(monkeyflower)

Monkeyflowers are floriferous native sub-shrubs that bloom spring into summer. The cultivar 'U.C.Hybrid' is very vigorous with burnt orange colored flowers. Requires good drainage, full sun along the coast with  light or part shade inland. They benefit from pinching to form a strong framework to support it's floriferous branches. Best kept on the dry side with occasional deep summer waterings. Hummingbird, butterflies and bees enjoy the flowers, larval food source for checkerspot and painted lady butterflies. Deer resisitant.
Mimulus aurantiacus  sticky monkeyflower
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Mimulus aurantiacus

(sticky monkeyflower)

This is the monkeyflower you find in the hills and along the coast around here. Grows 2 - 3 ft. tall with buff orange tubular flowers. Full sun near coast, light shade inland. Good drainage, keep on the dry side and fertilize minimally. Benefits from annual trimming. Larval food source for the common checkerspot and buckeye butterflies. The flowers provide nectar for hummingbirds.  Deer resistant.
Mimulus aurantiacus 'Ted's Yellow' sticky monkeyflower
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Mimulus aurantiacus 'Ted's Yellow'

(sticky monkeyflower)

Grows 2 - 3 ft. tall with yellow tubular flowers. Full sun near coast, light shade inland. Good drainage, keep on the dry side and fertilize minimally. Benefits from annual trimming. Larval food source for the common checkerspot and buckeye butterflies. The flowers provide nectar for hummingbirds.  Deer resistant.
Mimulus  bifidus 'Esselen' monkeyflower
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Mimulus bifidus 'Esselen'

(monkeyflower)

We have been impressed with this fine selection from Big Sur, which offers compact habit, shiny green foliage and broad bright-orange flowers over a long period. Plant in sun to light shade with little to occasional summer water. Bees, butterflies and hummingbirds all work the flowers and it is a larval food source for the Checkerspot butterfly. Deer resistant.
Mimulus cardinalis  scarlet monkeyflower
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Mimulus cardinalis

(scarlet monkeyflower)

Native to wet areas throughout the West, this robust perennial can easily grow to 2 ft. tall and wide. Tubular scarlet flowers are a hummingbird favorite and are very showy. Plant in sun to part shade with ample water. Perfect beside a pond, stream or water feature. Trim as needed to keep tidy. The flowers provide nectar for hummingbirds.
Mimulus cardinalis 'Santa Cruz Island Gold' monkeyflower
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Mimulus cardinalis 'Santa Cruz Island Gold'

(monkeyflower)

An interesting color form of a streamside native found on Santa Cruz Island. Rather than the usual scarlet tubular flowers, this monkeyflower has golden orange blossoms with a band of yellow with red dots at the base of the petals. Plant in sun to part shade with regular water. Perfect beside a pond, stream or water feature. Does well in containers too. Trim as needed to keep tidy. A hummingbird favorite.
Mimulus dentatus  coastal monkeyflower
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Mimulus dentatus

(coastal monkeyflower)

Native to coastal streams and wet shady places in Humboldt and Del Norte Counties, north to British Columbia.Handsome bright green leaves with toothed margins,6-15 inches high spreading by slender rhizomes to form perennial patches.Late spring and summer brings funnel shaped bright yellow flowers with tiny red dots in the throat, which bloom over a long period. Excellent for any moist shady spot where the cheerful blossoms brighten.A good container plant too.
Mimulus guttatus  common monkeyflower
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Mimulus guttatus

(common monkeyflower)

This monkeyflower is native to wet places throughout the west. Forms mats of foliage topped with flowering stems of cheerful bright yellow tubular flowers. Regular water, sun to light shade. Seeds about when happy. The flowers provide nectar for hummingbirds.
Mimulus  hybrids  monkeyflower
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Mimulus hybrids

(monkeyflower)

Over the years we have accumulated a collection of beautiful Monkeyflower hybrids offering an amazing range of colors. From pure white to ivory, different shades of yellow and orange to reds and purple. Blooming profusely in the spring and summer often into autumn, these drought tolerant shrubs make colorful additions to the garden where they can grow in full sun on the coast to part shade inland. Growing 2-3 ft. tall and wide, they benefit from pinching to form a strong framework to support their flower display and keep the brittle plants compact. They require good drainage and respond to occasional watering, but resent drip irrigation systems that deliver water on a regular basis. Deer resistant.Larval food source for painted lady and checkerspot butterfly.            
Mimulus lewisii  Lewis' monkeyflower
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Mimulus lewisii

(Lewis' monkeyflower)

Plant description coming soon.
Monardella macrantha 'Marian Sampson' scarlet coyote mint
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Monardella macrantha 'Marian Sampson'

(scarlet coyote mint)

A choice native perennial forming low mats of fragrant dark green shiny leaves. Mid to late spring brings spectacular heads of scarlet tubular flowers which are hummingbird magnets. Well suited for rock garden or container use where good drainage can be provided along with occasional summer water. Appreciates light shade in hot regions. The cultivar ‘Marian Sampson’ is a vigorous and disease resistant selection, but still likely to be short lived, lasting 2 to 4 years. Fantastic accent plant which is deer resistant and attractive to butterflies and hummingbirds.
Monardella villosa  coyote mint
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Monardella villosa

(coyote mint)

Plant description coming soon.
Monardella villosa 'Soulajule' coyote mint
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Monardella villosa 'Soulajule'

(coyote mint)

Smaller than our cultivar 'Russian River', this coyote mint reaches a height of about 10 inches with fragrant leaves and dense heads of lavender-pink flowers in late spring and summer.Forms small colonies over time as the branches touch the ground and root.Best in full sun though light shade is helpful inland.Will enjoy occasional irrigation once established but does not require it.Attracts bees, butterflies and other beneficials and is deer resistant.Discovered near Soulajule Reservoir in Marin County.
Monardella villosa ssp. franciscana 'Pomo Canyon' coyote mint
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Monardella villosa ssp. franciscana 'Pomo Canyon'

(coyote mint)

This low growing, dense selection of our native coyote mint was discovered near the mouth of the Russian River. Large, round, deeply veined leaves colored dark blue-green give this groundcover a lush appearance. In summer, soft lavender flowers which look like pincushions cover the plant. Reaches a height of up to 12 inches and spreads fairly quickly to form drifts. Provide full sun to light shade and moderate to infrequent irrigation. A stellar plant for bees, butterflies and hummingbirds. Coyote mint is not a true mint and won’t spread invasively by roots. Deer resistant.
Monardella villosa ssp. franciscana 'Russian River' coyote mint
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Monardella villosa ssp. franciscana 'Russian River'

(coyote mint)

Our own selection of coyote mint from a rocky slope along the lower Russian River. Although Monardella is sometimes difficult in cultivation, this plant has proven to be vigorous. Grows 12 to 18 inches tall with ball-like clusters of pinkish-purple above the fragrant evergreen foliage. Good for a dry sunny site. Attracts bees and butterflies. Deer resistant.
Monardella villosa ssp. villosa 'Mark West' coyote mint
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Monardella villosa ssp. villosa 'Mark West'

(coyote mint)

This sweet little coyote mint hails from the dry, inland hills above the Mark West watershed in North East Santa Rosa. It is more compact than the ‘Russian River’ selection, mounding to about 1’ high and spreading to 3’ across. The aromatic foliage is a light minty green, and the round lavender-pink flower heads bloom from late spring through summer. Best with a bit of protection from the hot afternoon sun, this coyote mint is great to tuck under a large, upright, drought tolerant shrub, such as manzanita or Ceanothus. Drought tolerant once established, but blooms best with occasional deep soaks. Needs good drainage. Like other coyote mints, it is a butterfly and native bee magnet. Deer resistant.
Muhlenbergia capillaris  pink muhly
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Muhlenbergia capillaris

(pink muhly)

This beautiful grass is grown for the stunning haze of purple-pink flower panicles in late summer. Clumping grass 2 - 3 ft. tall, native to southeastern U.S. Best in full sun with some summer water. Cut back late winter to encourage fresh new growth. Deer resistant.
Muhlenbergia dubia  pine muhly
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Muhlenbergia dubia

(pine muhly)

A half size version of the popular deer grass, Muhlenbergia rigens, with many of its attributes - only smaller. Evergreen foliage 12 - 18 inches tall. Narrow flower spikes on erect stems to 3 ft. tall. Adaptable, plant in full sun to light shade, little to moderate summer water. Heat and drought tolerant. Deer resistant too.

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Muhlenbergia emersleyi

(bull grass)

A handsome grass that forms dense mounds of gray-green blades about 2 ft. long. The showy flowers rise another foot above the foliage and are purplish-gray and dense. Useful as a specimen or in groups. Full sun, light shade, decent drainage. Tolerates heat, cold, wind, and drought. Deer resistant.
Muhlenbergia lindheimeri
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Muhlenbergia lindheimeri

Choice evergreen grass with beautiful blue-gray blades that have a graceful arching habit to around 3 ft. tall. Purplish flower spikes rise another 1 - 2 1/2 ft. above the foliage. Prefers full sun with good drainage with moderate to little summer water. Has performed well on our mounded up clay soil with very little summer water. Deer resistant.
Muhlenbergia rigens  deer grass
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Muhlenbergia rigens

(deer grass)

Versatile, adaptable, large native grass forms dense clumps 3 to 4 ft. tall and wide. This striking grass is useful as a specimen and wonderful planted in mass. Plant in full sun to light shade.Tolerates moist or dry soils and performs well in clay soils. Extensive root system makes it excellent for soil stabilization.Good habitat value offering seeds for songbirds and is a larval food source for a number of butterflies species.Deer resisitant.

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Myrica hartwegii

(Sierra sweet bay)

From Sierran streambanks comes this sweet bay, a cousin of our local wax myrtle.  Rare in nature, this deciduous shrub can reach a height and width of up to 5 ft. Soft, lance-shaped leaves of gray-green flank the stems. Small red flowers appear in the spring. Enjoys dappled shade and good drainage. Requires regular irrigation. Plant with indian rhubarb, western columbine and ferns for a taste of the mountains in your own garden. Thought to be deer resistant.
Myrica (Morella) californica  Pacific wax myrtle
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Myrica (Morella) californica

(Pacific wax myrtle)

Native evergreen shrub with clean looking shiny foliage 15 ft. or more tall. Useful screen, clipped or informal hedge or even trained as multi-trunked small tree. An adaptable plant for sun to light shade, with moderate to occasional water. Its waxy berries attract flickers, robins and finches. Fairly deer resistant.
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