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Papaver atlanticum  Moroccan poppy
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Papaver atlanticum

(Moroccan poppy)

A sweet little perennial poppy native to Morocco. Small clumps of soft green foliage topped with cup-shaped crepe-papery blossoms that are a wonderful shade of salmon. Each flower lasts a day and are followed by handsome seed pods. Blooms over a long period in the summer. Plant in full sun with good drainage. Gets by on little water. Tends to seed about.
Parthenocissus quinquefolia  Virginia creeper
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Parthenocissus quinquefolia

(Virginia creeper)

Vigorous vine that clings, drapes, or runs over the ground, fence, trellis or building. Fantastic RED fall color which is intense and dependable. Flowers are small and highly attractive to bees.The blue-black fruits that follow are very showy and enjoyed by birds. Tolerates any exposure with regular water.
Pectiantia ovalis  coastal miterwort
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Pectiantia ovalis

(coastal miterwort)

Plant description coming soon.
Penstemon  'Catherine de la Mare' penstemon
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Penstemon 'Catherine de la Mare'

(penstemon)

Beautiful electric blue tubular flowers blush purple as they age. Low (12 -18 inches tall) plant with a loose, open habit. Blooming begins in May and continues for a month or two. An easy and hardy penstemon requiring moderate water and sun to light shade. Wonderful for the front of borders. Adored by hummingbirds and bees.
Penstemon  'Enor' border penstemon
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Penstemon 'Enor'

(border penstemon)

Garden designer Kate Frey gave us this Border Penstemon along with high praise for it’s particularly long bloom season. Narrow tubes of rich burgundy flowers bloom throughout the summer. The compact, bushy foliage is deep-green and shiny with reddish stems, growing 2-3 foot tall and wide. Best in full sun with regular to moderate summer water. Hummingbird magnet.  
Penstemon  'Firebird' penstemon
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Penstemon 'Firebird'

(penstemon)

Easy to grow, long blooming perennial, forming a compact clump of dark green narrow leaves 2-3 ft. tall. Showy bright red tubular flowers bloom over a long period beginning in late spring and will continue into the summer. Cutting back spent flowers can lengthen flowering period. Plant in full sun with moderate watering. Drought tolerant along the coast, requiring summer water inland. Attractive to bees and hummingbirds.
Penstemon 'Chiapas'
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Penstemon 'Chiapas'

This Penstemon offers a unique growth habit, with strong erect stems rising to 4 or 5 ft. tall. No flopping here, this perennial forms a vertical tower of apple green, triangular leaves that are slightly sticky. Chubby, purple, open mouth flowers bloom along each stem tip in mid summer. Plant in full sun with moderate summer water. Bees, butterflies and hummingbirds are all attracted to it’s flowers. Deer resistant.  
Penstemon azureus  azure penstemon
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Penstemon azureus

(azure penstemon)

Native to the mountains of California and Oregon where it grows in woodland and chaparral plant communities. Forms a tidy mound of bluish-green leaves 1-2 ft. tall and wide with bright blue tubular flowers late spring into summer. Requires good drainage and sun to light shade. This species is drought tolerant but prefers occasional summer water and is more garden tolerant than most native Penstemons. Attractive to bees and hummingbirds.
Penstemon barbatus 'Coral Baby' beard lip Penstemon
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Penstemon barbatus 'Coral Baby'

(beard lip Penstemon)

This dazzling selection of Penstemon is from the Plant Select program of Colorado. Forms a tidy, compact mound of bright green foliage to around 15 inches tall by 12 inches or so wide. Late spring brings upright spikes of eye catching coral-pink tubular flowers which attract bees, butterflies and hummingbirds. Full sun with good drainage and moderate to occasional summer water.
Penstemon barbatus 'Red Riding Hood' beard lip penstemon
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Penstemon barbatus 'Red Riding Hood'

(beard lip penstemon)

Trumpet-shaped blossoms of coral-red arise on thick stems up to 2 ft. high on this Dutch selection of the beardlip penstemon. Originating from the American Southwest, this superlative species offers flowers from late spring to the end of summer, enticing hummingbirds, bees and butterflies into the garden. Light green, lanceolate leaves grow densely at the base and climb up the stout stalks. This selection has proven to be very garden tolerant, liking full sun and moderate to infrequent irrigation. 
Penstemon centranthifolius  scarlet buglar
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Penstemon centranthifolius

(scarlet buglar)

  Custom made for hummingbirds, this Penstemon sports an abundance of bright-red to orange-red tubular flowers from late spring into summer. Native to dry habitats in the North Coast Ranges south to Mexico and east to the Southern Sierra, growing in chaparral and openings in woodlands below 6000 ft. Thick, blue-green leaves form a rosette 1 – 2 ft. tall and wide. Long flower spikes rise 2 – 4 ft. above the waxy leaves with many narrow, tubular, scarlet blossoms. Likes full sun, lean soils and good drainage. Drought and cold tolerant. Hummingbird and butterfly favorite.
Penstemon davidsonii  Davidson's penstemon
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Penstemon davidsonii

(Davidson's penstemon)

Description coming soon.
Penstemon eatonii  firecracker penstemon
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Penstemon eatonii

(firecracker penstemon)

Adaptable and beautiful perennial native to the western United States including southeastern California. Narrow, leathery leaves form an evergreen rosette of foliage. Flower stalks rise 2-3 ft above the foliage. This form has brilliant red tubular flowers lining the erect stems in early summer. Requires good drainage, full sun to light shade and occasional to little summer water. Tolerates winter cold to 18 degrees and drought once established. Hummingbird favorite.
Penstemon heterophyllus  foothill penstemon
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Penstemon heterophyllus

(foothill penstemon)

Iridescent blue-purple tubular flowers in short spikes put on a good show over a long period in spring and early summer. The spent flower spikes should be cut off to encourage more blooming, better form, and longer life. Best in full sun with well drained soils and moderate to little water once established.  Hummingbird favorite.
Penstemon heterophyllus 'Blue Springs' foothill penstemon
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Penstemon heterophyllus 'Blue Springs'

(foothill penstemon)

A seed strain of a highly variable native penstemon. Attractive narrow, shiny, bluish-green leaves topped with dense spikes of narrow bell-shaped blossoms of bright blue. Flowers late spring to early summer, growing to around 1 to 1 1/2 ft. tall and wide. The spent flower spikes should be cut off to encourage more blooming, better form, and longer life. Best in full sun with good drainage and moderate to little summer water.
Penstemon heterophyllus 'Margarita BOP' foothill penstemon
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Penstemon heterophyllus 'Margarita BOP'

(foothill penstemon)

A fine selection of a native penstemon from Las Pilitas Nursery where this chance hybrid seedling was discovered at the “Bottom Of the Porch”. Forms a tidy mound 18 inches tall by 2 ft. or so wide. Iridescent blue-purple tubular flowers in short spikes put on a good show over a long period in spring and early summer. The spent flower spikes should be cut off to encourage more blooming, better form, and longer life. Best in full sun with well drained soils and moderate to little water once established.  'Margarita BOP' has proven particularly adaptable and has survived longer than other cultivars.  Hummingbird favorite.

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Penstemon newberryi

(mountain pride)

As the common name implies, this beauty is native to the mountains of California, Oregon and Nevada, where it grows in rocky habitats at high elevations.  Forms an evergreen mat, under a foot tall with thick, leathery leaves and gorgeous magenta-pink tubular flowers, in mid to late spring. Good drainage is a must for success and growing in a container is an option for those with heavy soils. Full sun to very light shade with occasional summer waterings. Can be challenging to cultivate, but well worth the extra effort. The showy flowers are highly attractive to hummingbirds and butterflies. Said to be deer resistant.
Penstemon parryi  Parry's penstemon
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Penstemon parryi

(Parry's penstemon)

An adaptable species from the desert southwest of the United States. Thick bluish-green foliage forms a low rosette up to 2 feet wide. Bright pink funnel-shaped flowers are produced in profusion on stems 1-3 ft. tall in spring. Good drainage and full sun with moderate to little water once established. Attracts bees, butterflies and hummingbirds.
Penstemon pinifolius 'Mersea Yellow' yellow pineleaf penstemon
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Penstemon pinifolius 'Mersea Yellow'

(yellow pineleaf penstemon)

Forms a tidy shrublet of attractive bright-green needle-like leaves, growing 12 - 18 inches tall and wide. This unusual color variant sports clear-yellow tubular flowers, which are rare in the genus Penstemon. Native to Arizona and New Mexico, this clump former requires good drainage, full sun with moderate to infrequent summer water. Blooming late spring to early summer, the tubular flowers are highly attractive to hummingbirds and butterflies.    
Penstemon spectabilis  royal penstemon
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Penstemon spectabilis

(royal penstemon)

A spectacular Penstemon native to dry, gravelly slopes of southern California and northern Baja. Demanding good drainage and full sun, this perennial grows 3 ft. or more tall with striking displays of lavender-purple tubular flowers. A challenging species with a sensational floral display, but can be short lived in northern California. Performs best in hot inland gardens. Take care not to over water. Highly attractive to hummingbirds as well as bees and butterflies.   

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Penstemon strictus

(Rocky Mt. penstemon)

Showy perennial, native to a number of states in the Rocky Mountains, where it grows in sage brush and coniferous forest communities. Forming large clumps of neat evergreen foliage 24 to 30 inches tall by 36 inches wide. Mid to late spring brings flowering stems 2 foot or so above the foliage with bright blue-purple tubular flowers. Considered one of the easier to grow, tolerating heavier soil and moisture better than many Penstemon species. Still, good drainage is best with little summer water once established. Plant in full sun to light shade in hot regions. Very cold tolerant. Penstemons are attractive to hummingbirds, bees and butterflies.  
Penstemon venustus  Venus penstemon, elegant penstemon
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Penstemon venustus

(Venus penstemon, elegant penstemon)

This jewel of the mountains displays richly toned, trumpet-shaped flowers of blue to lavender held on stalks reaching 1 – 3 ft. tall. Dark green, serrated leaves form a low mound up to 2ft. wide over time. Hummingbirds love the tubular flowers as do bees. Plant in full sun with excellent drainage and water infrequently. While native to much of the West, this penstemon doesn’t quite make it into California. 
Perideridia gairdneri  yampah
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Perideridia gairdneri

(yampah)

An interesting and rarely cultivated native perennial that grows in grasslands and meadows in central to northern California and the Sierra Nevada foothills. Narrow leaves emerge in the spring giving way to lovely 4 ft. tall flowering stems topped with umbels of delicate white flowers in the summer. Looks particularly nice in mass and livens up a meadow or grassland planting that may be waning in summer. Entice the anise swallowtail butterfly with a NATIVE larval food source. Plant in full sun to light shade with a little water. Allow to go dry after flowering.
Perideridia kelloggii  yampah
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Perideridia kelloggii

(yampah)

An interesting and rarely cultivated native perennial that grows in grasslands and meadows in central to northern California and the Sierra Nevada foothills. Narrow leaves emerge in the spring giving way to lovely 4 ft. tall flowering stems topped with umbels of delicate white flowers in the summer. Looks particularly nice in mass and livens up a meadow or grassland planting that may be waning in summer. Entice the anise swallowtail butterfly with a NATIVE larval food source. Plant in full sun to light shade with a little water. Allow to go dry after flowering.
Perovskia  atriplicifolia  Russian sage
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Perovskia atriplicifolia

(Russian sage)

Upright, shrubby perennial, reaching 3 – 4 foot tall and wide, spreading by underground stems. Greyish, lacy, aromatic foliage, producing spires of small violet-blue flowers in late spring and summer, which create a haze of soft color. Plant in full sun where it will be heat and drought tolerant once established. Beloved by pollinators, bees, butterflies and hummingbirds. Deer and rabbit resistant.  
Petasites palmatus  western coltsfoot
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Petasites palmatus

(western coltsfoot)

A west Sonoma County collection of a bold, beautiful and INVASIVE creekside native. Found in coastal regions in California north to Alaska, where it grows along shady creek banks. Beautiful,large palmate leaves spread from thick creeping rootstocks to form large colonies.Flowers before the foliage fully emerges in the spring with flat topped clusters of white to pink flowers on 1-2 ft. tall stems.Requires shade and plenty of water and is useful as a soil stabilizer.To control it's spreading nature use in containers or in contained areas. Dies back to the ground in the winter. Flowers attractive to a wide range of beneficial insects.
Petasites palmatus 'Golden Palms' golden western coltsfoot
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Petasites palmatus 'Golden Palms'

(golden western coltsfoot)

Here is an exciting introduction of the western coltsfoot with wonderful golden foliage. Native to streamsides in low elevation forests, the broadly palmate leaves spread by creeping rhizomes. Careful thought should be given to its placement as it can be invasive. This bold foliage plant is great in containers or contained areas with regular water and part shade. Dies back to the ground in winter.
Phacelia bolanderi  woodland phacelia
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Phacelia bolanderi

(woodland phacelia)

Easy to grow perennial for part shade and a little summer water. Native to slopes and canyons of coastal forests in northern California. Forms low mounds of soft foliage 6 - 8 inches tall by 2 ft. or so wide. Pretty powder blue-purple one inch flowers late spring into summer offer nectar to hummingbirds, bees, and butterflies. The seeds are enjoyed by songbirds. Though somewhat short-lived, it often reseeds. Appears to be deer resistant.
Phacelia californica  California phacelia
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Phacelia californica

(California phacelia)

A low elevation species inhabiting bluffs, open slopes, road cuts and canyons of our inner and outer Coast Ranges down through the central coast. Forms perennial clumps of crinkled gray leaves. Stout stems rise above the rosette one foot to 18 inches tall with large coils of lavender flowers. Excellent rock garden subject. Plant in sunny areas with good drainage where it will be drought tolerant, and will do fine with a little summer water. Phacelias are great for attracting bees and butterflies.
Phacelia campanularia  desert bluebells
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Phacelia campanularia

(desert bluebells)

This ANNUAL is endemic to washes in Southern California deserts.  Amazing, royal blue flowers make a show stopping display a top foliage 6-10 inches tall.  Surprisingly adaptable, requiring well drained soils , full sun and dryish conditions.  Excellent in containers too.  Bee favorite.

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Phacelia grandiflora

(large-flowered phacelia)

Native to southern California coastal sage scrub and chaparral communities, this native ANNUAL is often a fire follower. Fast growing to 3 ft. tall and topped with clusters of large fragrant blossoms of lavender- blue. Abundant nectar and pollen is highly attractive to bees and a great addition to the habitat garden. Plant in full sun with a little water to encourage long blooming. Often self sows.

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Phacelia tanacetifolia

(tansy leaf phacelia)

A robust ANNUAL increasingly used in agriculture as a pollinator attracting cover crop. This native covers the ground and flowers abundantly producing high quality pollen and nectar which is highly attractive to bees and beneficial insects. Fast growing frilly foliage grows 1-4 ft. tall and wide topped with clusters of small lavender-blue cup shaped flowers.  Sun to light shade, decent drainage and drought tolerant.  Occasional water during flowering will keep it going longer.
Philadelphus  'Belle Etoile' mock orange
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Philadelphus 'Belle Etoile'

(mock orange)

This is the much sought after true ‘Belle Etoile’ with abundant profuse clusters of white flowers with a mauve flush inside. Wonderfully fragrant. The new stems of this deciduous shrub are mahogany colored. Can grow to 6 ft. or so tall. Sun to light shade in hottest areas. Moderate to occasional summer water. Bee and butterfly favorite.
Philadelphus  'Desert Snow' mock orange
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Philadelphus 'Desert Snow'

(mock orange)

A very charming and useful mock orange, only reaching 4 ft. tall and wide.  Dainty, 4-petaled flowers which resemble dogwood blossoms cover the plant in late spring and perfume the air with their sweet fragrance.  For those who want a mock orange and have a small garden, this is the perfect option.  Provide moderate to occasional irrigation and full sun to light shade.  Protect from the hot afternoon sun in hot areas.  An excellent container plant.  Attracts pollinators and birds.
Philadelphus coronarius 'Aureus' golden sweet mock orange
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Philadelphus coronarius 'Aureus'

(golden sweet mock orange)

Sweetly fragrant flowers and gorgeous golden foliage combine for an elegant effect. Grows to around 6 ft. tall, the leaves emerge brilliant golden in the spring, fading to a pleasing lime-green by summer. Deliciously sweet white flowers delight the senses in late spring. Best with light shade and moderate water. Deciduous.
Philadelphus coronarius 'Variegatus' variegated sweet mock orange
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Philadelphus coronarius 'Variegatus'

(variegated sweet mock orange)

An elegant shrub with medium green leaves margined in creamy white. Sweetly fragrant white flowers in late spring delight the senses. Compact habit, growing to around 6 ft. tall. Best with a little shade and moderate to regular water. Deciduous.
Philadelphus lewisii 'Covelo' western mock orange
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Philadelphus lewisii 'Covelo'

(western mock orange)

Densely branched deciduous native shrub up to 8 ft. tall with light green foliage and shreddy brown bark. Softly fragrant pure white saucer-shaped blossoms in late spring attract bees and butterflies. Sun to light shade. Moderate to occasional summer water.
Philadelphus lewisii 'Goose Creek' western mock orange
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Philadelphus lewisii 'Goose Creek'

(western mock orange)

This native mock orange is a large deciduous shrub up to 8 ft tall and wide with sweetly fragrant white flowers in late spring and early summer. The cultivar 'Goose Creek' offers unique, fully double flowers, discovered near the Smith River in Del Norte County. Useful as a specimen or in mixed plantings. Sun to light shade, moderate to little water when established.
Philadelphus lewisii 'Marjorie Schmidt' western mock orange
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Philadelphus lewisii 'Marjorie Schmidt'

(western mock orange)

This native mock orange was selected by Roger Raiche and Ron Lutsko in Shasta County. It caught their eye while driving along Route 36 west of Red Bluff, as being larger-flowered and more floriferous than surrounding shrubs. Large deciduous shrub up to 8 ft tall and wide with fragrant white flowers in early summer. Sun to light shade, most soils, moderate to little water once established. Flowers attractive to bees and butterflies.
Phlomis  'Edward Bowles' Jerusalem sage
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Phlomis 'Edward Bowles'

(Jerusalem sage)

We have grown this sturdy perennial in our landscape for over 20 years. A hybrid between Phlomis fruticosa and P. russeliana, which forms a mound of large coarse leaves 3-4 tall by 5-6 ft. wide. The clear yellow flowers are in ball-like clusters on tall stems 3 - 4 ft. high. Dependable and adaptable, plant in full sun to light shade with moderate to occasional summer water. Deer resistant.
Phlomis fruticosa (shrubby species)  Jerusalem sage
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Phlomis fruticosa (shrubby species)

(Jerusalem sage)

A handsome and easy to grow shrub from the Mediterranean. Can reach 4 ft. tall and 4 ft. wide with textured aromatic foliage. Large golden-yellow two-lipped flowers in ball-shaped clusters bloom over a long period and will give a repeat performance if faded flowers are trimmed back. Plant in full sun to light shade with moderate to little water. Drought and deer tolerant.
Phlomis lanata  woolly Jerusalem sage
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Phlomis lanata

(woolly Jerusalem sage)

Endemic to Crete, this smaller Jerusalem sage forms a durable, compact, shrub 2 – 3 ft. tall by 4 foot or more wide. Rounded, woolly, sage-green leaves clothe stems that are covered in golden hairs. Blooms over a long period, from spring through fall with golden-yellow flowers in whorls just above the foliage. Plant in full sun where it will be drought tolerant once established. Bees and hummingbirds work the flowers. Deer and rabbit resistant. 
Phlomis purpurea  purple phlomis
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Phlomis purpurea

(purple phlomis)

Native to Spain, Portugal and Morocco, this tough perennial has beautiful grey-green woolly foliage. Growing 4-6 foot tall and wide, topped with whorls of rosy-lavender hooded blossoms in late spring-summer. Plant in full sun to light shade. Heat and drought tolerant along the coast but best with some summer water inland. This sage relative is pollinator friendly and deer resistant.
Phlomis russeliana  Jerusalem sage
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Phlomis russeliana

(Jerusalem sage)

A sturdy Mediterranean plant forming low mats of large heart-shaped leaves. Spikes with whorls of yellow flowers rise 3 feet above the bold foliage in spring.  An adaptable shrub which tolerates poor or heavy soils, full sun to light shade and are drought tolerant once established. Requires more water inland then along the coast. Can form a weed smothering ground cover. Pollinator friendly and deer resistant.
Physocarpus capitatus  western ninebark
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Physocarpus capitatus

(western ninebark)

Handsome, deciduous shrub favoring wooded streamsides in California. Grows vigorously 4 - 8 ft. tall and wide. After leafing out in the spring, the shrub looks spiraea-like, covered with small clusters of white flowers followed by red capsular fruits. Best with light shade and some summer water. Keep bushy and in bounds with pruning.
Physocarpus capitatus 'Tilden Park' prostrate western ninebark
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Physocarpus capitatus 'Tilden Park'

(prostrate western ninebark)

A prostrate form of the native ninebark from San Bruno Mountain. Makes a good groundcover about 3 ft. tall and spreading widely. Deciduous stems sprout beautiful green foliage with white flower clusters in spring. Sun to light shade with summer water, but will tolerate dryish conditions once established.
Physocarpus opulifolius 'Diablo' bronze ninebark
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Physocarpus opulifolius 'Diablo'

(bronze ninebark)

A gorgeous deciduous shrub growing 5 - 9 ft. tall and wide. The striking purple foliage is the perfect foil for the white, blushed pink flower clusters that appear in early summer. Plant in sun or shade, but good light is required to maintain foliage color. Best with regular to moderate summer water.
Physocarpus opulifolius 'Nugget' golden ninebark
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Physocarpus opulifolius 'Nugget'

(golden ninebark)

This eastern North American native shrub was selected by South Dakota State University for its densely compact habit, growing 6 ft. tall by 5 ft. wide. Foliage emerges vibrant glowing yellow in the spring maturing to yellow-green by summer. The yellow foliage color intensifies again before falling in autumn. Clusters of small white flowers in late spring and interesting peeling bark add to its charm. Best with regular to moderate summer water and protection from the hottest sun.
Picea sitchensis  Sitka spruce
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Picea sitchensis

(Sitka spruce)

Pinus contorta ssp. bolanderi  pygmy pine
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Pinus contorta ssp. bolanderi

(pygmy pine)

A close relative of the shore pine, the pygmy pine occurs in the coastal pygmy forests of Mendocino Co. This rare and threatened pine only reaches a height of about 6 ft in the acidic soils of its native habitat but acts more like the shore pine in a garden setting, reaching up to about 30 ft in time. The upward reaching stems are clad in short needles with small cones produced on the ends. Provide full sun near the coast and a little afternoon shade inland.  Needs moderate to occasional irrigation and decent drainage. Good container plant. Deer resistant.
Pinus contorta ssp. contorta  shore pine
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Pinus contorta ssp. contorta

(shore pine)

On windswept coastal bluffs from Mendocino Co. northwards resides this dense, picturesque shore pine. While small in stature on the weathered cliffs of our shoreline often reaching only 6-10 ft. in height, in a garden setting the shore pine is a small to medium sized tree, growing to about 30 ft. Short, dark green needles cover the stems with small cones. An excellent compact conifer for the medium sized garden or in a container where it stays more diminutive. Provide full sun and occasional deep irrigation once established. Needs decent drainage. Deer resistant.
Pinus contorta ssp. murrayana  lodgepole pine
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Pinus contorta ssp. murrayana

(lodgepole pine)

Plant description coming soon.
Pinus jeffreyi  Jeffrey pine
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Pinus jeffreyi

(Jeffrey pine)

The stately Jeffrey pine hales from high elevation areas in many mountains of California. Features long needles and a broad trunk developing deeply furrowed bark of orangy-red. Similar to the ponderosa pine but occurring at higher elevations and the bark has a distinct vanilla scent. The cones are also larger than those of the ponderosa and don’t have sharp, outwardly protruding scales, hence the affectionate name “gentle Jeffrey”. Features long needles and an open canopy, becoming a large tree over time. Not suitable for the small garden. The Jeffrey pine is the dominant pine of the Tahoe basin. Provide good drainage and full sun to light shade. Drought tolerant and deer resistant.
Pinus lambertiana  sugar pine
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Pinus lambertiana

(sugar pine)

Plant description coming soon.
Pinus muricata  Bishop pine
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Pinus muricata

(Bishop pine)

The Bishop pine is native to the northern California coast from Marin to Mendocino. A medium to large sized tree with a beautifully rounded crown and long, gray-green needles. Distinguished from the more southerly Monterey pine by its smaller cones which prick the hand when held. The Bishop pine often cohabitates with the redwood and other coastal conifers but should be drought tolerant once established except in interior locations where an occasional deep watering may be required. Can reach 100 ft in height over time. Deer resistant.
Pinus ponderosa  ponderosa pine
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Pinus ponderosa

(ponderosa pine)

When visiting the Sierra Nevada, one is likely to encounter this stately conifer. But many people don’t realize they can see the ponderosa pine in special places in Sonoma County and surrounding areas. Long, gray-green needles form bushy clusters at the ends of branches with cantaloupe-sized cones developing at the very tips. The bark at maturity is a colorful patchwork of orange-tan plates separated by deep grooves of dark brown. This pine can grow a couple of feet a year, eventually becoming a large tree not suited for the small garden. Provide full sun to light shade with occasional deep waterings when young. Needs decent drainage. Deer resistant.  
Pinus sabiniana  gray pine
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Pinus sabiniana

(gray pine)

When strolling in the foothills of California one is likely to encounter this distinctive pine emerging from the chaparral. Some people call it the ghost pine due to it's long gray needles set against dark, furrowed bark. The open, distorted crown casts a ghoulish silhouette at dusk when the mind plays tricks on the weary hiker. While fairly slow growing, the gray pine can reach a height of 80 ft or more in well-draining sites with ample sunlight. Native Americans prized the big, prickly cones for their large, edible seeds. Plant with manzanitas, toyon, goldenfleece and other drought tolerant shrubs.  
Plantago maritima  seaside plantain
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Plantago maritima

(seaside plantain)

From coastal bluffs up and down the California coast comes this charming little plantain. Starting in late spring and continuing through summer, small, greenish-yellow flowers flank the top of slender stems up to 6 inches tall. The dense rosettes of narrow, succulent leaves provide a striking accent in a rock garden or nestled in crevices between pavers or stones. A good container specimen. Recognized for its edible and medicinal uses. Plant in full sun to light shade. Tolerates low to regular moisture. May spread vigorously by seed.   
Platanus racemosa  California sycamore
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Platanus racemosa

(California sycamore)

This most Californian of trees from the southern and central parts of our state features stunning bark mottled white and grey on a large, sculptured trunk. The maple-like leaves create an open canopy on this stately tree which can reach up to around 80 ft. tall at maturity. Seeds are produced in fuzzy pom-poms dangling on short stems and are a great food source for birds. In autumn, the leaves can turn orangey-yellow before they drop, adding rare fall color to the California landscape. Makes its home in sunny, low-lying areas and canyons with moderate to occasional irrigation. A great shade tree for the large garden and a larval host for the Western tiger swallowtail butterfly. Deer resistant.
Poliomintha longiflora  Mexican oregano
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Poliomintha longiflora

(Mexican oregano)

A gem in the kitchen as well as the garden. Mexican oregano can grow 3 ft. tall and wide (ours has remained smaller). Blooms for a long period in the summer with lavender-pink tubular flowers. Full sun and a little water. Drought tolerant. Deer seem to leave it alone.
Polypodium californicum 'Sarah Lyman' California polypody
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Polypodium californicum 'Sarah Lyman'

(California polypody)

An interesting cultivar of the California polypody fern with finely divided leaves. A wonderful addition to the shade garden where it is perfectly adapted to our dry summers. With the first coolness of autumn the fiddleheads emerge and unfurl. Energetic bright green frilly foliage thrives all winter and into spring. Goes dormant late spring or early summer where it waits out the dry season returning dependably again in the autumn. Grows 12 to 15 inches tall and slowly spreads.
Polypodium glycyrrhiza  licorice fern
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Polypodium glycyrrhiza

(licorice fern)

Native to moist coastal forests from Monterey County to Alaska. This epiphytic fern enjoys shady environments where it grows on trees, logs and stumps, mossy rocks and slopes. The long, narrow, deeply lobed fronds spread by creeping rhizomes, which have a sweet licorice flavor and a history of use by various native American peoples. They grow happily in moist shady gardens, going summer dormant once conditions get too dry, returning with the autumn rains and coolness. Drought tolerant in somewhat coastal conditions. Good container subject. Deer resistant. 
Polypodium scouleri  evergreen polypody
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Polypodium scouleri

(evergreen polypody)

A choice species native to moist coastal forests of the western U.S. where this fern will grow on trees, rocks and logs. Beautiful, leathery, deeply lobed, evergreen fronds grow on creeping rhizomes to about 8-12 inches tall and slowly spreading. Requires good drainage with a humusy soil and some summer moisture, but not overly wet. Wonderful on rocks, cracks in walls, and logs in shady locations. Excellent in containers.  Makes a lovely hanging basket.
Polystichum munitum  western sword fern
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Polystichum munitum

(western sword fern)

The versatile western sword fern is an evergreen native fern from California to Alaska. In most gardens it will reach about three feet tall and wide.  In prime areas near the coast where moisture is readily available and cool temperatures prevail, this fern can get up to 5 feet tall and wide. Excellent for shady beds, along walls, as a large scale groundcover and mixed woodland planting. Best with humusy soil and regular to moderate water, but drought tolerant once established and tolerant of most soil types. Actually quite adaptable and deer resistant.
Populus tremuloides  quaking aspen
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Populus tremuloides

(quaking aspen)

From mountain meadows and hillsides across the Sierra Nevada comes this iconic native poplar. Smooth, white bark and rounded leaves which quake in the wind make this slender tree highly ornamental. Reaches a height of at least 20 ft. and spreads by underground roots to form groves. While the fall color may not be quite as stunning in lower elevation gardens as it is in the mountains, colder parts of our area will still see leaves of yellow, orange and red in the autumn. Easily grown at lower elevations, this form is reported to be particularly disease resistant. Needs full sun to light shade and regular to moderate irrigation once established. Lower irrigation should slow aspen’s ability to multiply.
Potentilla  gracilis  slender cinquefoil
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Potentilla gracilis

(slender cinquefoil)

Prolific displays of bright yellow flowers resembling buttercups make this little cinquefoil a hit from spring through autumn. Flowers are held on two foot stems above low mats of dissected,dark green leaves. Native to mountainous areas throughout California. Provide full sun to light shade and give occasional to regular moisture. Will spread slowly by seed if exposed soil is nearby. A favorite of bees and butterflies.Deer resistant.  
Prunella vulgaris v. lanceolata  self heal
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Prunella vulgaris v. lanceolata

(self heal)

Native to moist areas usually near coniferous forests and woodlands. Creeping perennial forms a low dense mat of foliage. Upright spikes of purple flowers over a long period summer - fall. Give some thought to placement because if happy it will reseed vigorously. Plant in full sun or light shade with regular water.
Prunus emarginata  bitter cherry
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Prunus emarginata

(bitter cherry)

Description will be available soon.
Prunus ilicifolia ssp. ilicifolia  hollyleaf cherry
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Prunus ilicifolia ssp. ilicifolia

(hollyleaf cherry)

Large evergreen native shrub 10 - 25 ft. tall and wide. Often used for background or screen plantings. Can be clipped into a formal hedge, pruned to be treelike, or left to it's own natural gumdrop-shaped habit. Glossy holly-like leaves with showy displays of creamy white flowers in narrow spikes late spring to early summer. Robins, finches, towhees, Cedar waxwings and mockingbirds eat its cherries. Plant in full sun to very light shade. Requires good drainage but is tolerant of heat, drought, wind and oak root fungus. Looks best with occasional deep waterings, but can tolerate very dry conditions once established. Excellent habitat value, offering food and cover. Generally deer resistant.
Prunus ilicifolia ssp. lyonii  Catalina cherry
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Prunus ilicifolia ssp. lyonii

(Catalina cherry)

Evergreen shrub or small tree. Creamy white flower spikes in March. Reddish purple half inch fruit is edible. Does best in well drained soil with occasional deep watering once established. Moderate growth rate to 10 ft. or more. Can also be trimmed into a 6 or 10 ft. hedge. Robins, finches, towhees, Cedar waxwings and mockingbirds eat its cherries.
Prunus virginiana v. demissa  chokecherry
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Prunus virginiana v. demissa

(chokecherry)

Large, deciduous shrub or small tree with red-purple bark and dark green foliage. Growing 8 foot or more tall and spreading slowly to form a thicket. Striking racemes of fragrant white flowers in the spring followed by dark red fruits which can be sweet but astringent. Foliage can take on nice fall color before dropping it’s leaves. Fabulous habitat plant drawing bees, butterflies and other pollinators to it’s flowers. Birds, especially bluebirds, adore the fruits and are known to swoop in and finish them off quickly. Where summers are hot, light or part shade is best, with regular to occasional water once established. They often grow where there is seasonal moisture in the spring, but somewhat dry as the season progresses.
Pseudotsuga menziesii  Douglas fir
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Pseudotsuga menziesii

(Douglas fir)

Plant description coming soon.
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