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Ranunculus californicus  California buttercup
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Ranunculus californicus

(California buttercup)

Cheerful harbinger of spring, this western native grows in vernally moist sites in a number of plant communities throughout California.  Easy to grow perennial,  sports bright green succulent foliage topped with slender stems 1 to 2 ft. tall and wide. A profusion of shiny, bright yellow blossoms bloom freely until soil dries out. Goes dormant with drought, returning in spring, often reseeding. Full sun to light shade. Excellent early pollen and nectar source, attractive to bees and other beneficials.
Ranunculus occidentalis  western buttercup
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Ranunculus occidentalis

(western buttercup)

Native to open woodlands, this buttercup often occurs under deciduous oaks and buckeyes or on edges of forests. Perennial, with basal foliage, the flower stems rise 12 to 20 inches with bright yellow shiny petals. Has been surprisingly adaptable. Does fine with moderate summer irrigation, where it stays evergreen and long blooming. Once established can be allowed to go summer dry, where it will go dormant after setting seed, and returning with the winter rains. 
Rhamnus alaternus 'Variegatus' variegated Italian buckthorn
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Rhamnus alaternus 'Variegatus'

(variegated Italian buckthorn)

A beautiful shrub with lovely variegated evergreen foliage growing 6 - 10 ft. or more tall and wide.An adaptable plant, it can be grown in full sun to light shade, given regular water to no summer water (once established) and is amenable to shaping and shearing as well as training into a single or multi-trunked tree. The flowers are small and hardly noticeable, it is grown for its form and first rate foliage.
Rhamnus (Frangula) californica  California coffeeberry
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Rhamnus (Frangula) californica

(California coffeeberry)

Description coming soon.
Rhamnus (Frangula) californica 'Ed Holm' dwarf California coffeeberry
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Rhamnus (Frangula) californica 'Ed Holm'

(dwarf California coffeeberry)

Prized by gardeners for it's low, dense habit and shiny, leathery leaves.  This special selection of coffeeberry was discovered along Skyline Dr. in the northern Santa Cruz Mountains.  Clusters of small, creamy flowers are produced from spring through fall and are followed by penny-sized, deep purple fruits.  Over time, 'Ed Holm' will reach a height of up to 3 ft. and a width up to 6 ft..  Plant in full sun to light shade.  Protect from the hot afternoon sun in hot areas and give moderate to infrequent irrigation.  The blossoms are a favorite of bees. 
Rhamnus (Frangula) californica 'Eve Case' California coffeeberry
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Rhamnus (Frangula) californica 'Eve Case'

(California coffeeberry)

This well known cultivar of coffeeberry was introduced to the trade in 1975 by Saratoga Horticultural Foundation. A handsome evergreen with broad leathery leaves growing to 6 ft. tall and wide, though mature specimens can reach 8 ft. or more tall under ideal circumstances. The small yellow-green flowers are not showy but attract an array of pollinators. The berries start out green and age to burgundy-black and are attractive to small mammals and birds. A larval food source for pale swallowtail butterfly. Adaptable, grows in sun to light shade. Drought tolerant but appreciates occasional summer water.
Rhamnus (Frangula) californica 'Leatherleaf' California coffeeberry
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Rhamnus (Frangula) californica 'Leatherleaf'

(California coffeeberry)

Another fine Roger Raiche selection, this coffeeberry cultivar is well worth growing. The leaves are particularly dark and broad with a mounding habit growing 5 - 6 ft. tall and wide. The tiny flowers attract a wide array of pollinators. Larval food source for pale swallowtail butterfly. The handsome fruits go green to red to black and are enjoyed by small mammals and birds. Plant in sun to light shade. Drought tolerant once established though occasional summer watering is helpful. An adaptable and useful shrub for both formal and naturalistic plantings.
Rhamnus (Frangula) californica 'Mound San Bruno' California coffeeberry
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Rhamnus (Frangula) californica 'Mound San Bruno'

(California coffeeberry)

Selected by Roger Raiche on San Bruno Mountain in San Mateo County, this is one of the most reliable coffeeberries. Grows 6 ft tall and wide, with narrow leaves and a compact habit. For full sun to part shade, will accept water, but is quite drought tolerant once established. Flowers are loved by pollinators, especially bees. A larval food source for the pale swallowtail butterfly. Provides black juicy fruit in the fall for thrushes, jays, mockingbirds, robins, bandtailed pigeon and purple finch. May grow to as much as 8 ft. tall with moderate water and good drainage in cooler areas.
Rhamnus (Frangula) californica 'Salt Point' California coffeeberry
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Rhamnus (Frangula) californica 'Salt Point'

(California coffeeberry)

A beautiful selection of our native coffeeberry from the northern Sonoma Coast featuring a very dense and mounding habit. Here at the nursery this cultivar has slowly grown to 6 ft. tall and wide. Provide full sun to partial shade and moderate to occasional water when established. Produces black, juicy fruits in the fall for thrushes, jays, mockingbirds, robins, bandtailed pigeon and purple finch. Flowers attractive to pollinators, especially bees. Used as a larval food source by the pale swallowtail butterfly.
Rhamnus (Frangula) californica 'Seaview' dwarf California coffeeberry
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Rhamnus (Frangula) californica 'Seaview'

(dwarf California coffeeberry)

This highly sought after selection of our native coffeeberry stays low and compact only reaching 2 – 3 ft tall and up to 6 ft wide. The tidy, deep green leaves form dense rosettes with small cream-colored flowers appearing from spring through summer. Deep purple “berries” form dense clusters in the summer and fall. Enjoys full sun to moderate shade and moderate to occasional water once established.  An excellent habitat plant for bees and birds.
Rhamnus (Frangula) californica - large, inland form  California coffeeberry
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Rhamnus (Frangula) californica - large, inland form

(California coffeeberry)

Handsome native evergreen shrub with small greenish-yellow flowers followed by showy dark-colored berries. Seed from this crop was collected from tall, upright shrubs on a hot inland site. Growing 8 ft. or more tall, coffeeberries thrive in full sun to light shade. They are drought tolerant once established, but would appreciate occasional deep summer waterings. A good choice for hedgerows and habitat gardens, coffeeberry provides food and nectar for a wide array of beneficial insects, birds and wildlife.
Rhamnus (Frangula) californica ssp. occidentalis  Western California coffeeberry
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Rhamnus (Frangula) californica ssp. occidentalis

(Western California coffeeberry)

Description coming soon!
Rhamnus (Frangula) californica ssp. tomentella  serpentine coffeeberry
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Rhamnus (Frangula) californica ssp. tomentella

(serpentine coffeeberry)

This distinctive species of coffeeberry features blue-grey leaves with velvety, silver undersides and grey, fuzzy stems. The somewhat open form grows 6 to 10 ft tall and wide. Clusters of small cream-colored flowers appear from winter through spring and are a favorite of bees. The deep purple fruits which follow are highly prized by birds. While native to serpentine soils, this coffeeberry should thrive anywhere with decent drainage. Provide full sun to light shade and give occasional irrigation once established. The grey stems contrast beautifully with the shiny, dark green leaves of Ceanothus ‘Yankee Point’. 
Rhamnus (Frangula) purshiana  cascara
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Rhamnus (Frangula) purshiana

(cascara)

Native to moist places from Mendocino County northwards and throughout the Sierra Nevadas, this medium sized deciduous tree is distinctive for its shiny, green leaves with strong venation. Ranges in height from 15 to 30 ft. tall. Bees are attracted to the clusters of small, cream-colored flowers and birds enjoy the dark purple berries which follow. Plant in riparian zones or in areas where it can receive regular moisture. Give full sun to part shade. Requires protection from the afternoon sun in the hottest areas.
Rhododendron macrophyllum  California rose-bay
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Rhododendron macrophyllum

(California rose-bay)

One of the glories of our coastal redwoods forests, this evergreen rhododendron features clusters of large flowers in the spring which can range in color from deep rose to pale pink. Native from the Big Sur Coast north to Washington. In the wild, this open branched, big leaved shrub can reach a height of 13 feet. Plants in the garden tend to be much smaller, not usually exceeding 8 feet with a slightly narrower width. While somewhat temperamental in cultivation, success can be achieved with dappled shade, well draining soil rich in organic matter and moderate to regular water. Deer resistant.
Rhododendron occidentale  western azalea
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Rhododendron occidentale

(western azalea)

A much sought after and admired native deciduous shrub found in moist places and stream banks in many plant communities throughout California.  Leafs out in the spring with bright green foliage on a shrubby framework 3-6 ft. or more tall and wide.  Glorious displays of fragrant azalea flowers in dense terminal clusters appear in late spring and can be pure white to pale pink often with yellow or orange markings.  Needs decent light to bloom well but appreciates light shade, acid soils and regular water. Deer resistant
Rhododendron occidentale x  'Irene Koster'
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Rhododendron occidentale x 'Irene Koster'

A beautiful hybrid Rhododendron involving our western azalea, introduced by a Dutch nursery in 1895. This is a deciduous shrub with massive displays of sweetly scented funnel-shaped blossoms in late spring. The large showy trusses have flower buds with dark-pink stripes that open to a light rose-pink with a splash of yellow-orange on it’s upper petals. Grows 6 -8 ft. tall by 4 - 6 ft. wide in part shade with regular to moderate watering. Prefers humus rich acidic soils with good drainage. The fragrant flowers attract an array of pollinators including butterflies. 
Rhus integrifolia  lemonade berry
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Rhus integrifolia

(lemonade berry)

This sturdy native shrub or small tree is highly valued for its evergreen foliage and as a source of food for birds, bees and butterflies. Round, serrated, leaves, flatter than those of the sugar bush, cover this plant from head to toe. In late winter to early spring, white to pink flower clusters emerge, followed by sticky, reddish fruits. Ranging in height and width from 4 to 20 ft., lemonade berry is very tolerant of pruning, either into a small tree or a low hedge. Cold hardy to about 20 degrees. Plant in full sun to part shade. Will be very drought tolerant once established. Fire resistant. Deer resistant.
Rhus ovata  sugar bush
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Rhus ovata

(sugar bush)

Handsome evergreen shrub native to dry slopes away from the coast in Southern California, Baja, and Arizona. A durable shrub thriving in hot, rocky conditions in full sun to part shade where it will be completely drought tolerant once established. Grows 4 - 10 ft. tall and wide. A profusion of dense flower clusters are rosy tinted in bud opening to white with a pinkish blush. Small reddish fruits follow that are coated with a sugary secretion that tastes lemony. Excellent subject for hot, dry inland conditions. Good for birds, bees and butterflies. Fire resistant. Deer resistant.
Rhus trilobata  basket bush
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Rhus trilobata

(basket bush)

An arching, mounding native shrub related to sugar bush and lemonade berry. Early spring brings a profusion of soft yellow flowers followed by orange-red fruits relished by wildlife. The leaves turn shades of yellow, orange and red in the fall. Plant in sun to light shade where it is drought, cold and heat tolerant. Useful addition to the naturalistic garden, as a shrubby groundcover, along seasonally moist streams, and for erosion control. Used by the native people for basketry.
Ribes aureum  golden currant
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Ribes aureum

(golden currant)

Tall, spreading, deciduous shrub 3 to 8 ft. tall and wide. Offers light green foliage with delicate clusters of bright yellow flowers in early spring. Adaptable to sun or shade, but best with light shade and moderate summer water. Tends to spread from suckers and can be controlled with pruning. Berries attract many birds including grosbeak and mockingbirds.
Ribes bracteosum  blue currant
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Ribes bracteosum

(blue currant)

Native from Mendocino County northwards, this deciduous shrub is distinctive for its long, upright inflorescences and large, shiny leaves up to eight inches wide. As many as fifty of the soft orange, saucer-shaped flowers can occur on a single stem in the spring followed by small blue fruits in late summer. In shaded, moist conditions the blue currant can reach a height and width of about six feet but can get larger in cool, wet areas along the coast. Combine with other plants of the redwood forest such as ferns, sorrel and wild ginger.
Ribes californicum  California gooseberry
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Ribes californicum

(California gooseberry)

Plant description coming soon.
Ribes divaricatum  spreading gooseberry
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Ribes divaricatum

(spreading gooseberry)

Native to coastal scrub, moist woods and shady canyons of the Pacific coast from British Columbia south through much of coastal California. This gooseberry is perhaps the most tasty of all of our native Ribes. The berries have the added benefit of being free of thorns. Forms an arching shrub 3-5 ft. tall and wide with thorns at the leaf nodes. The tiny flowers are composed of reddish sepals and white petals that dangle beneath the branches and are attractive to hummingbirds. The small, blue-black berries are relished by birds. Plant in light shade with some summer moisture. Will tolerate full sun near the coast. Useful as a barrier, hedgerow or habitat plant where it provides excellent food and thorny cover for birds.
Ribes indecorum  white flowered currant
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Ribes indecorum

(white flowered currant)

Native to Southern California chaparral and coastal scrub plant communities from Santa Barbara County to Northern Baja. This vase shaped deciduous shrub features thick, aromatic, scalloped leaves and grows 6 feet or so tall and wide. Small clusters of white flowers cover the stems in November and attract hummingbirds, bees and butterflies. The fruits that follow are very appealing to birds. Plant in sun to light shade. Little to no summer water is required once established. While this currant is often summer deciduous, a little extra water will help it to retain most of it's leaves all year long.
Ribes malvaceum  chaparral currant
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Ribes malvaceum

(chaparral currant)

Chaparral currant is a tough and durable native shrub 4 to 6 ft. tall. This deciduous shrub will grow in full sun to light shade and is quite drought tolerant. Flowers early, often midwinter with dangling clusters of pink blossoms. Good early nectar source for hummingbirds. Berries attract many birds including grosbeak and mockingbirds.

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Ribes malvaceum 'Cupertino Rose'

(chaparral currant)

Chaparral currant's flowers can range from white to pink to nearly red in color. This selection carries flower clusters that were the darkest to be found in this population from the foothills of the Santa Cruz Mts. west of Cupertino. The buds are dark pink and the dangling racemes when fully open read medium pink. Deciduous shrub 4-6 ft tall and wide with a very early bloom season often beginning in November, which provides an excellent early source of nectar for hummingbirds. The pendulous clusters of berries that follow are relished by birds. Tolerates full sun along the coast with some shade inland and occasional to little summer water. 
Ribes malvaceum 'Dancing Tassels' chaparral currant
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Ribes malvaceum 'Dancing Tassels'

(chaparral currant)

A dazzling selection by Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden from San Clemente Island. Blooming in winter over a long period with the longest dangling flower clusters we’ve seen in the species. Pendulous flower clusters are dusty pink in bud, opening to white and soft pink when fully open. Growing 6 ft. or more tall, this deciduous, vase shaped shrub has gray-green foliage with a pungent resinous fragrance. Peeling red-brown bark and clusters of blue-black berries add to its beauty and appeal. Chaparral currant blooms earlier and is more sun and drought tolerant than the popular pink flowering currant, Ribes sanguineum glutinosum. Plant in full sun to light shade with little to no water once established. An outstanding early nectar source for hummingbirds.
Ribes menziesii  canyon gooseberry
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Ribes menziesii

(canyon gooseberry)

A gooseberry of low elevation forests, growing to around 4-5 ft. tall with an open, arching habit. Bright green scalloped leaves with pale undersides are set on spiny stems. The charming flowers are small but sweet, with maroon sepals and white petals dangling beneath the thorny branches offering nectar to hummingbirds. The spiny red fruits that follow are decorative and attractive to birds. Often found on the edge or in openings of forests, the canyon gooseberry does best with light shade. It is drought tolerant especially near the coast, though it appreciates occasional summer water. An excellent habitat plant that provides shelter and food for a wide variety of birds.  
Ribes odoratum 'Crandall' clove-scented currant
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Ribes odoratum 'Crandall'

(clove-scented currant)

Native to the Midwest and high plains this shrub looks similar to our native Ribes aureum. Growing 4 - 6 ft. tall and wide with light green, lobed leaves on spineless branches. Fragrant yellow flower clusters have a spicy carnation-like fragrance and are followed by abundant and flavorful black fruits. The rich, sweet-tart fruits are similar to the European black currant and can be used in jams and jellies. Eye-catching red leaves in the fall. Plant in full sun to partial shade with moderate to occasional summer water.
Ribes roezlii  Sierra gooseberry
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Ribes roezlii

(Sierra gooseberry)

The Sierra gooseberry's natural range is far beyond the Sierras, with varieties growing in the mountains of northern, southern and central California. Forms an arching shrub of thorny branches with pretty, little scalloped leaves, 2 - 4 ft. tall and wide. Pendant flowers are made up of burgundy-red sepals and small white to pink petals with protruding stamens, looking something like miniature fuchsias. Custom built for hummingbirds. In spring, showy, rounded fruits covered with prickles follow the flowers, starting out green and ripening to red, spiny globes which are relished by birds. This charming shrub is a lovely addition to the woodland garden where they receive light to moderate shade and are drought tolerant once established. Needs good drainage.
Ribes sanguineum v. glutinosum 'Cal Flora White' white flowering current
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Ribes sanguineum v. glutinosum 'Cal Flora White'

(white flowering current)

A Cal Flora Nursery original, a chance seedling in our nursery landscape. We watched this seedling develop into an elegant, seven foot, vase shaped shrub. The five inch pendulous racemes dangle from the branch tips and are pure white. Give flowering currants light or part shade except along the immediate coast where they grow in full sun. Moderate to occasional water once established. Hummingbird and bumblebee favorite. Birds enjoy the fruits.  
Ribes sanguineum v. glutinosum 'Claremont' pink flowering currant
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Ribes sanguineum v. glutinosum 'Claremont'

(pink flowering currant)

Distinctive for its extra long, pendulous racemes of pink flowers with white centers. This Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden selection of the pink flowering currant is particularly vigorous, featuring abundant floral displays in early spring. Will attain a height and spread of 6 - 8 ft over time.  Best with light shade and a little summer water. Important early nectar source for bumblebees and hummingbirds. Berries attract many birds including grosbeak and mockingbirds.
Ribes sanguineum v. glutinosum 'Heart's Delight' pink flowering currant
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Ribes sanguineum v. glutinosum 'Heart's Delight'

(pink flowering currant)

A coastal Marin County selection of one of the West's choicest native shrubs. Deciduous, grows 6 ft. tall or more. In early spring it produces long drooping racemes of deep rosy-pink blossoms. Best with light shade inland, humusy soil and some summer water. Hummingbirds love the flowers and the berries attract many birds including robins, grosbeak and mockingbirds.
Ribes sanguineum v. glutinosum 'Inverness White' white flowering currant
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Ribes sanguineum v. glutinosum 'Inverness White'

(white flowering currant)

Selected by Roger Raiche on Inverness Ridge in Marin County. Distinguished from other white flowering cultivars in that the pure white blossoms develop a rosy cast as they fade. Deciduous shrub about 6 ft. tall by 6 ft. wide. Best with a little shade, woodsy soil and a little summer water. Berries attract many birds including grosbeak and mockingbirds.
Ribes sanguineum v. glutinosum 'Monte Bello' pink flowering currant
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Ribes sanguineum v. glutinosum 'Monte Bello'

(pink flowering currant)

This Cal Flora introduction was discovered in the hills west of Cupertino in the Santa Cruz Mountains. Long clusters of deep pink flowers make this selection of the pink-flowering currant stand out from other forms. In late winter and spring the flowers emerge on bare stems followed by rounded, maple-like leaves. This deciduous shrub has a vase-like shape, reaching a height of up to 10 ft. over time and a width of at least 6 ft. Provide full sun near the coast and light shade inland. Needs moderate to occasional irrigation once established. A great plant for hummingbirds and a wide array of pollinators. Birds enjoy the fruits.
Ribes sanguineum v. glutinosum 'Tranquillon Ridge' pink flowering currant
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Ribes sanguineum v. glutinosum 'Tranquillon Ridge'

(pink flowering currant)

A Native Sons Nursery selection from Tranquillon Ridge in Santa Barbara County, found growing under a canopy of Bishop pines. Super vigorous and very large, up to 10 ft. tall with extremely long racemes of dark pink flowers in the early spring. The racemes have an appealing shape, tapering to a point at the end of their long pendant flower clusters. Best with some shade even in coastal gardens where it’s drought tolerant. Occasional deep waterings are best in hot inland areas. Berries attract many birds including grosbeak and mockingbirds.    
Ribes sanguineum v. sanguineum 'Barrie Coate' red flowering currant
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Ribes sanguineum v. sanguineum 'Barrie Coate'

(red flowering currant)

This selection of red flowering currant is a knock out in bloom. An early bloomer often starting in February with short racemes of nodding clusters of very deep rosy-pink, nearly red blossoms. Clusters of blue-black fruits follow and are enjoyed by birds. This deciduous shrub will grow 6 foot tall by 4 foot wide. Plant in sun to light shade with afternoon shade in hot regions and moderate to occasional summer water. An excellent early source of nectar for hummingbirds.
Ribes sanguineum v. sanguineum 'Brocklebankii' golden-leaved red flowering currant
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Ribes sanguineum v. sanguineum 'Brocklebankii'

(golden-leaved red flowering currant)

A distinctive shrub with gorgeous golden foliage on 5 ft. tall stems. Pendulous racemes of pink flowers in early spring just as the leaves are emerging are a favorite of hummingbirds. The leaves will scorch in the hot sun so part shade is best, especially during the hottest time of day. This cultivar prefers even moisture, recenting drought stress. 
Ribes sanguineum v. sanguineum 'Elk River Red' red flowering currant
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Ribes sanguineum v. sanguineum 'Elk River Red'

(red flowering currant)

This selection of the red flowering currant is from the Pacific Northwest. A deciduous shrub growing 6 ft. or more tall. Early spring brings eye catching bright rosy-red blossoms in drooping clusters. A wonderful early nectar source for hummingbirds. Plant in cool sun or light shade inland with occasional to moderate summer water. Berries attract many birds including grosbeak and mockingbirds.

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Ribes sanguineum v. sanguineum 'King Edward VII'

(red flowering currant)

Deep pink flower tassels adorn this native deciduous currant in early spring, providing a vivid splash of color to an awakening landscape. The pendulous flower clusters are followed by scalloped, deep green leaves, creating a useful texture to pair with Iris, Ceanothus and ferns. ‘King Edward VII’ has a very upright vase shape, reaching between 5 to 7 ft. tall and 4 to 5 ft. wide. Provide full sun in cooler climates and a little shade elsewhere, especially in the afternoon. Needs moderate to occasional irrigation. The flowers provide an excellent nectar source for bees, butterflies and hummingbirds while the deep purple fruits are enjoyed by birds. A sturdy selection.
Ribes sanguineum v. sanguineum  'White Icicle' white flowering currant
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Ribes sanguineum v. sanguineum 'White Icicle'

(white flowering currant)

This selection of flowering currant is from the University of British Columbia Botanic Garden. Flowers in early spring are pure white on long racemes. Foliage is bright green. Compact habit, 6 - 8 ft. tall. Light shade in hot regions with occasional summer water. Berries attract many birds including grosbeak and mockingbirds.
Ribes speciosum  fuchsia-flowered gooseberry
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Ribes speciosum

(fuchsia-flowered gooseberry)

One of California’s showiest gooseberry, blooming in late winter - early spring with charming bright red, pendant, fuchsia-like flowers. The thorny branches are arching and grow 4 - 6 ft. tall and wide. Best with light shade and needs no irrigation once established. Occasional summer water keeps most of the leaves green through the summer, but will go summer dormant with dry conditions. An excellent choice for under native oaks. The flowers attract hummingbirds and the spiny fruits attract many birds including grosbeak and mockingbirds. Deer resistant.
Ribes viburnifolium  Catalina perfume
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Ribes viburnifolium

(Catalina perfume)

Native to Santa Catalina Island, this Ribes is unique for the genus, being evergreen and low growing. Leathery, dark green, glossy leaves with a spicy fragrance on red stems forms a spreading shrubby groundcover to 2- 3 ft. tall. Small clusters of interesting star-shaped maroon flowers decorate the arching branches in late winter to early spring. Requires part shade and is drought tolerant once established. Adaptable to a variety of soil types including heavy clay. Tip pruning is recommended to encourage a dense growth habit. Deer resistant.
Ribes x gordonianum  currant
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Ribes x gordonianum

(currant)

A special hybrid flowering currant created in England by Donald Beaton in 1837 between our western U.S. Ribes sanguineum and the central U.S. Ribes odoratum. The fragrant flowers hang in dense dangling clusters in late spring and produce a dazzling color display with warm coppery red on the outside and yellow on the inside. The green maple-like leaves are deciduous.  Robust and spreading, this currant grows to about 6 ft. tall and 8 ft. wide.  Provide full sun to light shade and give moderate water.  
Romneya coulteri  matilija poppy
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Romneya coulteri

(matilija poppy)

A shrub-like perennial. Extremely vigorous once established. Flowers crinkly white petals with yellow centers (fried eggs) at the top of long, gray-foliaged stems. Plant where its size and spreading won't be a problem and prune severely in winter. Height 4 -7 feet. Full sun. Drought and deer tolerant.
Rosa californica  California wild rose
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Rosa californica

(California wild rose)

Thicket forming deciduous shrub native to moist places throughout the state. Good screen or living fence. 3 - 5 ft. tall and spreading. Fragrant single pink blossoms followed by attractive red fruits. Provides erosion control as well as food and cover for wildlife. Prefers full sun and moist soils.
Rosa gymnocarpa  wood rose
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Rosa gymnocarpa

(wood rose)

Delicate, native rose of woodlands, growing 3 - 4 ft. tall. Sprinkled with sweetly fragrant single pink flowers followed by small red rose hips. Best in woodsy shade where it tolerates drought. Bees, butterflies and other pollinators are attracted to rose blossoms and the fruits are enjoyed by birds.
Rosa nutkana  Nootka rose
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Rosa nutkana

(Nootka rose)

Named for the Nootka Sound in Alaska where it was originally described,California is the southern end of this shrub's range. Forms prickly thickets to 6 feet tall with light green foliage. Super fragrant, 2-3 inch single pink flowers appear in summer followed by showy red hips.Favors moist sites in full sun to light shade.Rose thickets provide excellent habitat value, offering food and cover for birds and small mammals,pollen and nectar for many beneficial insects as well as a larval food source for a number of butterflies.
Rosa spithamea  Sonoma rose
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Rosa spithamea

(Sonoma rose)

Description coming soon!
Rosmarinus officinalis 'Boule' rosemary
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Rosmarinus officinalis 'Boule'

(rosemary)

This rosemary is grown for its interesting and unique growth habit. Growing 2 ft. tall and wide, forming a dense mound with arching outer branches, which are highly effective spilling over a wall,  bank planting, or container.  A rugged evergreen with aromatic foliage,  best in full sun with little to no water once established.  Medium blue flowers in early spring are attractive to bees. Deer resistant.
Rosmarinus officinalis 'Mozart' rosemary
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Rosmarinus officinalis 'Mozart'

(rosemary)

A fine selection of rosemary by the late nurseryman Ed Carman. Mounding to around 3 ft. tall by 6 ft. wide with bright blue flowers late winter and spring. Tough and versatile, rosemary is an aromatic, sun loving, drought and deer tolerant shrub.
Rubus calycinoides 'Emerald Carpet' creeping raspberry
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Rubus calycinoides 'Emerald Carpet'

(creeping raspberry)

Vigorous evergreen ground cover with handsome dark green heavily textured lobed leaves.  Forms a durable and adaptable weed smothering mat 6 inches to 1 ft. tall by 6 ft. wide.  Small white flowers are pretty but don't make an impressive display.  Best with part shade, moderate to occasional watering.

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Rubus leucodermis

(blackcap raspberry)

West coast native found in open or wooded places from British Columbia south to California.Forms an arching deciduous shrub 3-4 foot tall and wide.The stems and back of the leaves are covered in a beautiful white bloom,white flowers are followed by tasty red to purple fruits.Tolerates many soil types,preferring some moisture and a little shade from the hottest sun.Excellent habitat plant where the the prickly shoots and thorny canes provide safe cover for birds, flowers that attract a wide array of pollinators and tasty berries are a favorite of animals of all sorts.
Rubus parviflorus  thimbleberry
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Rubus parviflorus

(thimbleberry)

Thimbleberry is a deciduous native shrub with handsome large pale green velvety leaves. Small clusters of pretty white single flowers in spring and early summer followed by thimble-shaped mild-flavored edible berries in mid summer. Grows 3 - 6 ft. tall and spreading. Needs part shade and moisture.
Rubus parviflorus 'Dr. Stasek' double-flowered thimbleberry
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Rubus parviflorus 'Dr. Stasek'

(double-flowered thimbleberry)

Bob Hornback found this interesting form of thimbleberry. Instead of the usual single white flowers, this cultivar offers double flowers. The extra petals are a nice touch against the background of large velvety leaves. Thimble-shaped edible berries follow which are mild flavored but sweet and much enjoyed by birds. Grows 3 - 6 ft. tall and spreading. Needs part shade and moisture.
Rubus spectabilis  salmonberry
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Rubus spectabilis

(salmonberry)

Native to moist places in and about the woods of coastal Northern California. Forms an upright shrub that arches at the tips, growing easily 6 ft. by 6 ft. Dark green foliage with weak prickles can form a dense hedge. The dark pink flowers resemble small single rose blossoms and are followed by showy orange-red berries that look like salmon eggs. Wildlife relishes the fruit, people too, though they aren’t as tasty as blackberries. Grows best with summer water and some shade.
Rubus ursinus  California blackberry
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Rubus ursinus

(California blackberry)

Not to be confused with the weedy non-native Himalaya berry that has taken over acres in northern California. The native blackberry when happy can form a good sized patch, growing as much as 3 ft. tall by 6 ft. wide depending on available moisture. This thorny, spreading evergreen has excellent habitat value. The berries are widely used as a food source for wildlife. Offers excellent escape and nesting cover and is good for erosion control. People relish the berries and its fruits are highly prized for pies and jam. Best with some shade and moisture, but is drought tolerant once established.
Rudbeckia californica  California coneflower
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Rudbeckia californica

(California coneflower)

Large, bold perennial native to montane seeps and meadows where they receive regular moisture. The big leafy clumps can become very large growing 3 foot tall or more. Midsummer brings showy yellow daisies on tall stems with a distinctive long central cone and a skirt of three inch yellow petals. Plant in sun to light shade with regular water. Highly attractive to bees and other pollinators.  
Rudbeckia nitida 'Herbstsonne' coneflower
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Rudbeckia nitida 'Herbstsonne'

(coneflower)

A large and beautiful perennial featuring flower stalks reaching up to 7 ft. tall. Bright yellow daisies with raised central cones sit atop these elegant stems in summer and into fall. Deeply lobed, dark green leaves flank the stems and form a tall mat at their base. Over time this coneflower will spread to from a striking drift. Looks great with grasses, Joe Pye weed, and Verbena bonariensis. Coneflowers are excellent pollinator plants and birds love the seeds. Needs sun and regular to moderate irrigation. May need staking. This plant goes completely dormant in the winter, only to emerge with vigour in the spring. Deer resistant.
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