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Echeveria cultivars

Attractive evergreen clumping succulents, forming rosettes of waxy leaves with graceful flowers of yellow, orange, pink or rose on arching stems in late spring/summer. Not commonly found in true hot desert conditions, many echeverias originated in high, cold, plateaus of Mexico, the Peruvian Andes, tropical areas of South America, and a few in Texas. They are drought tolerant, but appreciate water while actively growing in summer, provided they dry out in between. Well drained soil is very important. Many are situated on mountains and rocky cliffs, giving them resistance to cold, and allowing any water collected in the middle of the rosette to drain off. Not typically frost hardy, they withstand cold (to 20 degrees) if kept protected (from frost) and dry (stop watering in late fall then begin sparingly in the spring). Many do well if grown under the protection of eaves or tall shrubs or trees, in a bright spot.  Flowers are long-lived in arrangements. Fantastic in containers, grouped with other succulents.
Echinacea purpurea 'Magnus' purple coneflower
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Echinacea purpurea 'Magnus'

(purple coneflower)

Easy to grow, long blooming perennial, native to central and southeastern United States. The selection 'Magnus' won awards for its distinctive, large and vigorous form and broad, non-drooping petals of rosy-purple surrounding a prominent central cone. The daisy-like flowers bloom profusely from early to late summer and are favored by bees, butterflies and hummingbirds. An excellent cut flower. If left, the seed heads are relished by birds. Grows 2 - 3 ft. tall x 1 - 2 ft. wide in full sun to very light shade with moderate summer water. Deer resistant.
Elymus californicus  California bottlebrush grass
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Elymus californicus

(California bottlebrush grass)

California bottlebrush grass is a tall robust grass with broad, bright green blades and nodding brushlike flower spikes. Uncommon in the wild it can be found in coastal counties on shaded banks and wooded areas, including redwood forests. Displays 3 - 6 ft. tall flower stalks with low foliage up to 1 ft. high. Provide moderate to infrequent irrigation. Deer resistant.
Elymus elymoides  squirrel-tail grass
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Elymus elymoides

(squirrel-tail grass)

A species of wild rye, this tough, native, widespread, perennial grass, sports distinctive seed heads with a bottlebrush or squirrel tail appearance. Super adaptable and willing to withstand a wide range of soil types and depths. Even tolerates serpentine soils. Able to make a living in full sun where it is extremely drought tolerant. Grows one foot to 18 inches tall with shimmering, purple-toned flower spikes that age to beige, bristly, seed heads. A dependable re-seeder, perfect for sunny, low water using landscapes and erosion control. Host plant for a number of butterfly and moth species including the woodland skipper. Deer resistant.

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Elymus glaucus

(blue ryegrass)

A stiffly upright clump-forming grass with blue-green blades native to much of the western U. S.. The flowers form bristle-tipped narrow, vertical spikes, rising 2-3 feet tall. Easy to grow and a strong reseeder for full sun to light shade. Summer water keeps plants green longer, will go dormant with drought. Adaptable. Deer resistant.

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Elymus spicatus

(bluebunch wheatgrass)

Native to mountainous regions of the western US, where it lives in many plant communities. Grows to around 3 ft. tall with blue-gray blades and blooms in early summer. Narrow flower spikes have long awns that bend at right angles to the stem. Widely used in revegetation for its adaptability where it grows in many soil types, except for high alkalinity or excessive moisture. Plant in full sun to light shade, where it will be drought tolerant once established. Host to a number of butterfly and moth species. Deer resistant.  
Elymus (Leymus) condensatus 'Canyon Prince' giant ryegrass
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Elymus (Leymus) condensatus 'Canyon Prince'

(giant ryegrass)

Beautiful selection from the Channel Islands off Southern California. Lovely silver-blue blades 2 1/2 to 3 ft. tall and spreading. Sun to very light shade, moderate to little water. Tolerates heavy soil. Spreads by rhizomes, vigorously and invasively. Best to use where a large patch is desired.  Drought and deer tolerant.
Elymus (Leymus) condensatus 'Lottie's Choice' giant wild rye
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Elymus (Leymus) condensatus 'Lottie's Choice'

(giant wild rye)

An exceptional form of giant wild rye selected by Roger Raiche from the Santa Lucia Mts. in southern Monterey County. A big, bold and beautiful native grass with stunning, wide, silver blades 4 ft. or more tall. Dense flower spikes rise on tall stems  to 7 ft. or more in the summer. Spreads slowly to form substantial clumps. A dramatic specimen that needs room to sprawl, and benefits from adjacent shrubs or structures to lean on. Cutting down old growth each spring will renew and showcase the gorgeous new stems and leaves. Best in full sun to light shade with moderate to infrequent water once established. Deer resistant.

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Elymus (Leymus) triticoides

(creeping wild rye)

Spreading, turf forming, perennial grass found in somewhat moist areas in many plant communities throughout California. An important restoration species, useful for holding soil and enhancing wildlife habitat value. Growing 2-3 ft. tall and spreading widely with an extensive network of rhizomatous roots which both hold soil and help prevent exotic weed establishment within their dense mats of roots and foliage. Slender blue-green blades are topped with narrow flower spikes 4-6 inches long. Excellent for seasonally moist bottom land and riparian areas where it can grow in full sun to light shade and tolerates many soil types. Will tolerate some drought in heavier soils. May spread too vigorously for small gardens.
Encelia californica  bush sunflower
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Encelia californica

(bush sunflower)

Cheery yellow daisies with purplish-brown centers cover this sunflower from late winter all the way into summer, making it one of our longest blooming natives. The 2-inch-wide blossoms make for stupendous cut flowers and are loved by bees and butterflies. Goldfinches enjoy the seeds which follow. This somewhat short-lived subshrub features dark green, diamond-shaped leaves and reaches about 3 – 4 ft. tall, spreading a little wider. Should reseed if the spent flowers aren’t removed. Enjoys full sun to light shade and occasional to infrequent irrigation with decent drainage to look its best. Native to generally coastal areas in southern California. While not especially cold sensitive, it will freeze if the temperature gets down to the mid 20s.
Encelia californica 'El Dorado' bush sunflower
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Encelia californica 'El Dorado'

(bush sunflower)

Plant description coming soon.

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Epilobium 'Bert's Bluff'

(California fuschia)

A Las Pilitas Nursery selection, named for the founder, Bert Wilson. This California fuchsia sports grey foliage, growing 2 -3 foot tall and spreading. Blooming in late summer, the bright orange-red, tubular flowers are beloved by hummingbirds, but visited by bees as well. This cultivar is reputed as being particularly tolerant of a wide range of soil conditions and growing environments. Plant in full sun with occasional deep summer watering.
Epilobium  'Chaparral Silver' California fuchsia
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Epilobium 'Chaparral Silver'

(California fuchsia)

This California fuchsia that we obtained from another grower appears to be identical to our ‘Roger’s U. C. Hybrid’ - same lovely gray foliage 12 -18 inches tall, spreading, with narrow red tubular flowers that the hummingbirds love. Provide full sun to bright shade. Flowers best with occasional deep watering. Pruning plants down to a few inches in late autumn helps to rejuvenate them for the following year.
Epilobium  'Roger's U.C. Hybrid' California fuchsia
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Epilobium 'Roger's U.C. Hybrid'

(California fuchsia)

A California fuchsia that is upright in habit with narrow silver-gray foliage and slender trumpet-shaped blossoms of orange-red. Reaches a height of about 1 1/2 ft. and spreads easily. Very similar to the selections ‘Carman’s Gray’  and ‘Chaparral Silver’. Flowers best with occasional deep watering. Hummingbird favorite. Pruning plants down to a few inches in late autumn helps to rejuvenate them for the following year.
Epilobium  'Schieffelin's Choice' California fuchsia
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Epilobium 'Schieffelin's Choice'

(California fuchsia)

This California fuchsia grows close to the ground - 8 inches tall with arching flower stalks. Gray foliage makes a wonderful foil for the bright orangey-red tubular flowers which appear summer through fall. Believed to be a cross between E. septentrionale and E. canum. Provide full sun to very light shade. One of the more drought tolerant selections but flowers best with occasional deep watering. Hummingbird favorite. Pruning plants down to a few inches in late autumn helps to rejuvenate them for the following year. Perhaps more deer resistant than other California fuchsias.
Epilobium canum 'Bowman's Hybrid' California fuchsia
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Epilobium canum 'Bowman's Hybrid'

(California fuchsia)

This California fuchsia has distinctive narrow, olive-green foliage and an upright habit about 2-3 ft. tall and spreading widely. The orange-red tubular flowers are petite but profuse. Plant in sunny areas. Flowers best with occasional deep watering. Pruning plants down to a few inches in late autumn helps to rejuvinate them for the following year. Hummingbird favorite.
Epilobium canum 'Brilliant Smith' California fuchsia
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Epilobium canum 'Brilliant Smith'

(California fuchsia)

This California fuchsia grows 8 inches or so tall with wide green leaves. Especially large red tubular flowers appear in summer and continue into fall. 'Brilliant Smith' is one of the reddest California fuchsias. The habit of this plant can be improved with shearing in the winter. Flowers best with occasional deep watering. Hummingbird favorite.
Epilobium canum 'Calistoga' California fuchsia
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Epilobium canum 'Calistoga'

(California fuchsia)

Phil Van Soelen’s selection of California fuchsia from the Palisades east of Calistoga. Forms a spreading mat of unusually wide, fuzzy, gray leaves. The flowers are the typical hummingbird attracting orange-red trumpet shape and appear on stalks reaching up to 18 inches high. For sunny areas. Flowers best with occasional deep watering. Pruning plants down to a few inches in late autumn helps to rejuvenate them for the following year.
Epilobium canum 'Carman's Grey' California fuchsia
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Epilobium canum 'Carman's Grey'

(California fuchsia)

Plant description coming soon.
Epilobium canum 'Catalina' California fuchsia
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Epilobium canum 'Catalina'

(California fuchsia)

An outstanding selection of California fuchsia growing 3 ft. tall or more. This may be the tallest cultivar available, sometimes reaching as much as 5 ft. tall. The foliage is silvery-gray with an abundance of large, brilliant orangey-red tubular flowers late summer through fall. This species from southern California is particularly drought tolerant. Hummingbird favorite. Flowers best with occasional deep watering. Pruning plants down to a few inches in late autumn helps to rejuvenate them for the following year.
Epilobium canum 'Cloverdale' California fuchsia
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Epilobium canum 'Cloverdale'

(California fuchsia)

This form of California fuchsia was selected by U.C. Santa Cruz Arboretum from along the Russian River north of Cloverdale. Low, slightly mounding fuzzy olive-green foliage with an abundance of orangey-red tubular flowers the hummingbirds love. Usually stays bellow one ft. in height. 'Cloverdale' is one of the most orange selections of California fuchsia. Plant in full sun. Flowers best with occasional deep watering. Pruning plants down to a few inches in late autumn helps to rejuvenate them for the following year.
Epilobium canum 'Coral Canyon' California fuchsia
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Epilobium canum 'Coral Canyon'

(California fuchsia)

Plant description coming soon.
Epilobium canum 'Everett's Choice' California fuchsia
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Epilobium canum 'Everett's Choice'

(California fuchsia)

A low, spreading form of Californica fuchsia staying below one ft. in height. Distinctive for its fuzzy, gray-green foliage with many scarlet tubular flowers from summer through to fall. Good for sunny areas, though tolerates light shade. Flowers best with occasional deep watering. Attracts hummingbirds. Pruning plants down to a few inches in late autumn helps to rejuvenate them for the following year.
Epilobium canum 'Garrison Canyon' California fuchsia
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Epilobium canum 'Garrison Canyon'

(California fuchsia)

This local selection of California fuchsia comes from the high banks of Rogers Creek, a seasonal creek in the hills above Mark West, in Sonoma County. Great for hot inland sites, this tough perennial forms a low, loose, floriferous mat over time. Orange-red tubular flowers bloom in abundance from early summer through fall.  Full sun to part shade with occasional deep watering in the summer. Hummingbird favorite. 

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Epilobium canum 'John Bixby'

(California fuchsia)

A Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden introduction, 'John Bixby' is a chance seedling of Epilobium 'Everett's Choice'. Forming a broad patch with a dense rounded form of grey-green foliage 12 -18 inches tall or more.  Showy, vivid red-orange tubular flowers put on a spectacular display from summer into fall and are highly attractive to hummingbirds. Vigorous perennial, spreading by underground rhizomes to form large colonies. Plant in full sun to light shade with occasional deep watering for best appearance. Cutting plants down after flowering rejuvinates them for the following year.  

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