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Eriogonum latifolium  coastal bluff buckwheat
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Eriogonum latifolium

(coastal bluff buckwheat)

Native to our coastal bluffs, this perennial forms neat mounds of silvery white foliage under 1 ft. tall. Flowers develop in dense pom-poms and are creamy white to pinkish. Tolerates sun, wind and drought once established but needs decent drainage. Provide occasional summer irrigation to keep them looking their best. Buckwheats have substantial wildlife value, providing pollen and nectar for bees and butterflies, larval food for butterflies, seeds for birds and cover for many creatures. Deer resistant.
Eriogonum nudum  naked buckwheat
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Eriogonum nudum

(naked buckwheat)

  Few natives are as excellent a source of nectar for bees and butterflies as the buckwheats. This widely distributed species is known for its elegant flower displays on naked stems rising one to three feet above low mounds of grey-green leaves. Naked buckwheat has flower pom-poms ranging in color from white to pink set on slender stems in open clusters up to twelve inches wide. Blooms from late spring into early autumn. Provide full sun to very light shade in soil with decent drainage. Drought tolerant once established. Generally deer resistant.  
Eriogonum nudum 'Ella Nelson's Yellow' naked buckwheat
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Eriogonum nudum 'Ella Nelson's Yellow'

(naked buckwheat)

The naked buckwheat has the widest distribution of all the buckwheats, occurring from the coast to timberline in the mountains. This interesting seed strain was collected by Eric Nelson along the middle fork of the Eel River in Mendocino County and named for his grandmother. Instead of the more common white or pink flowers of the species, this strain has beautiful yellow flowers. The spoon shaped leaves which form a low rosette are grey green on top and white and wooly beneath. Late spring brings a multitude of small, bright yellow flowers carried on the bare, leafless stems 12-18 inches above the foliage. Best on well drained soils in full sun where they are drought tolerant once established. Buckwheats are highly attractive to nectar feeding insects. Deer resistant.

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Eriogonum parvifolium 'Moss Landing'

(seacliff buckwheat)

Native to coastal bluffs of the central and south coast. Forms a mounding shrub 2 ft. or more tall by 2 – 3 ft. wide with thick, dark green, triangular shaped leaves often with a reddish tinge, and white and woolly beneath. Round pom-poms of white to pink flowers over a long period late spring and summer, fade to an attractive russet brown. A natural for coastal areas where it grows fast in full sun with good drainage and is very drought tolerant once established. Inland, a little afternoon shade is recommended. Looks great on slopes or draping over walls.  An important pollinator plant, appealing to a wide array of insects. In its native range, the rare and endangered El Segundo blue butterfly relies exclusively on this species in all stages of its life cycle. Deer tolerant.        
Eriogonum umbellatum  sulphur flower buckwheat
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Eriogonum umbellatum

(sulphur flower buckwheat)

Intense yellow flowers in flat-topped clusters sit atop short stems above grey to green foliage. Ranging in height from 10 to 18 inches, this highly variable and widely distributed California native is an excellent addition to the drought tolerant garden. Provide decent drainage and occasional to no irrigation once established. Full sun to light shade. Just like all buckwheats, this species is loved by bees and butterflies. The foliage is deer resistant but they may nibble the flowers.
Eriogonum umbellatum var. aureum 'Kannah Creek' golden sulphur flower buckwheat
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Eriogonum umbellatum var. aureum 'Kannah Creek'

(golden sulphur flower buckwheat)

Selected from the Kannah Creek region of Western Colorado, this durable perennial will make a fine addition to the dry garden. Forms low mats of leathery leaves 12-24 inches wide, which turn shades of red and purple in the autumn. Masses of bright yellow flowers on stalks 12-15 inches tall appear late spring to early summer and deepen in color to orange as they age. Plant in full sun to light shade with occasional to little water. Drought tolerant once established. Buckwheats attract an array of beneficial insects, provide pollen and nectar for bees and butterflies and seeds for birds.
Eriogonum umbellatum var. polyanthum 'Shasta Sulphur' sulphur flower buckwheat
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Eriogonum umbellatum var. polyanthum 'Shasta Sulphur'

(sulphur flower buckwheat)

A striking selection of the sulphur flower buckwheat. Great choice for a dry sunny border or rock garden with decent drainage. Grows 1+1/2 ft. tall by 2 ft. broad. Smothered with clusters of intensely yellow flowers in spring which fade to orange russet then coppery brown. Needs full sun to bright shade and is drought tolerant once established. Buckwheats have substantial wildlife value, providing pollen and nectar for bees and butterflies, larval food for butterflies, seeds for birds and cover for many creatures. Deer resistant.
Eriogonum vimineum  wicker buckwheat
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Eriogonum vimineum

(wicker buckwheat)

Here is an ANNUAL buckwheat found throughout much of California, growing on gravely and volcanic soils. Summer brings showy domes of rose-pink flowers held on wiry stems 18 inches above small clumps of basal leaves. Buckwheats are excellent for attracting beneficial insects providing pollen and nectar for bees and butterflies and seeds for birds. Plant in full sun with little water once established. Good container plant too.

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Eriophyllum confertiflorum

(golden yarrow)

Native to dry sites in many plant communities of California. Forms a mound of pale green, finely cut foliage with woolly undersides 12-24 inches tall. Late spring and summer brings domes of bright golden yellow daisies in dense heads. Tough little shrublet for the dry garden in full sun where its interesting fine-textured foliage provides a useful contrast to grasses and bold-leaved shrubs and perennials. The flowers provide nectar to bees and butterflies. Needs good drainage.
Eriophyllum lanatum 'Horseshoe Cove' woolly sunflower
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Eriophyllum lanatum 'Horseshoe Cove'

(woolly sunflower)

This western native grows on rocky slopes and bluffs over a wide range of plant communities in California, Oregon and Washington. This low dense coastal selection forms a mat of woolly, bright green foliage just a few inches tall and 1-2 ft. across, topped with cheerful golden yellow daisies rising to 6 inches tall, late spring and summer. The flowers are attractive to bees, butterflies and other beneficial insects. Larval host plant for the painted lady butterfly. Plant in full sun to light shade inland with good drainage and moderate summer water.
Eriophyllum lanatum 'Siskiyou' woolly sunflower
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Eriophyllum lanatum 'Siskiyou'

(woolly sunflower)

An extremely variable species ranging from the immediate coast to the high mountains of California and into Oregon. The cultivar 'Siskiyou' is a Siskiyou Rare Plant Nursery selection. Lush gray-green woolly foliage forms low mats up to 10 inches and 2-3 feet wide. Blooms over a long period, spring into fall with cheery 2 inch golden-yellow daisies. This tough perennial will thrive in full sun to light shade, decent drainage and moderate to infrequent summer water once established. The open faced daisies are an excellent sources of pollen and nectar and make good platforms for insects to perch, attracting butterflies, bees and other insects. Larval host plant for the painted lady butterfly.      
Eriophyllum staechadifolium  lizard tail
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Eriophyllum staechadifolium

(lizard tail)

This native perennial is perfect for coastal environments where it tolerates full sun, wind, salt spray and drought. Forms leafy mounds 1 - 3 ft. tall and wide. The foliage is dark green above and silvery beneath with flower heads densley packed with tiny golden-yellow daisies over a long period. Drought tolerant but appreciates occasional summer waterings. Excellent for pollinators.  
Erysimum concinnum  Point Reyes wallflower
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Erysimum concinnum

(Point Reyes wallflower)

Plant description coming soon!
Erysimum franciscanum  San Francisco wallflower
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Erysimum franciscanum

(San Francisco wallflower)

This rare and threatened species makes its home in the sand dunes and hills of the San Francisco Bay area.  Development has seriously impacted its native habitat.  Fragrant, four-petaled flowers ranging in color from creamy white to yellow rise up to 18” above dark green foliage in the spring and early summer.  Thrives with good drainage and occasional water once established.  Plant this special wallflower in full sun with other small perennials such as buckwheats, checkermallows and coyote mint. Attractive to butterflies.      

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Erysimum menziesii

(Menzie's wallflower)

  A rare species native to sand dunes along the north coast of California. Forms tight mounds of narrow leaves 8-12 inches tall and wide.  Bright-yellow fragrant flowers bloom in late spring and will continue into summer with a little additional summer watering. The fragrant flowers are butterfly favorites. Adaptable and can seed about if happy, though not weedy. Requires good drainage, full sun, to light shade inland, with moderate to occasional summer water. Said to be deer tolerant.   
Erysimum menziesii var. yadonii  Yadon's wallflower
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Erysimum menziesii var. yadonii

(Yadon's wallflower)

Menzies’ wallflower is a rare plant found in coastal dune plant communities from Humboldt County to Monterey County. The variety yadonii has a limited distribution on the Monterey Coast.  A short lived perennial which forms a rosette of dark-green fleshy spoon-shaped leaves. Dense clusters of bright-yellow fragrant flowers bloom in the spring. A natural along the coast where it will thrive in sun with good drainage and moderate to infrequent water. Light shade in hot regions. A perfect companion with other coastal bluff plants such as seaside daisy, sea thrift, Douglas Iris or checkerbloom. Bee and butterfly favorite.

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Erythronium oregonum

(giant fawn lily)

The giant fawn lily adds a delicate accent in the spring to the bright shade garden featuring starlike flowers of creamy-white with yellow centers. Reaching to a height of about 1 ft when in bloom with low, broad leaves attractively mottled. This bulb will slowly increase to form little clumps, ideal for the forest rock garden. Provide good drainage and water infrequently during it's summer dormancy. 
Eschscholzia californica - cream colored flowers  cream colored California poppy
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Eschscholzia californica - cream colored flowers

(cream colored California poppy)

Smaller in stature than the typical robust orange forms of California poppy, this perennial fits into plantings nicely without overwhelming. Low foliage is ferny and finely dissected and topped with cup-shaped blossoms that are a lovely shade of cream to pale yellow. Best in full sun with dryish conditions. Given the opportunity may seed about. Flowers provide pollen that is favored by native bees, bumbles and honey bees.  
Eschscholzia californica var. maritima  California poppy coastal form
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Eschscholzia californica var. maritima

(California poppy coastal form)

This is the perennial, coastal form of California poppy. Low growing and spreading with beautiful, finely cut, blue-gray foliage. Abundant flowers are golden yellow with orange centers, blooming over a long period, especially in mild climates. Plants retreat to leafy rosettes in winter. Best in full sun where they are drought tolerant, but a little summer water can extend their bloom period. Seeds about if happy.

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Euonymus occidentalis

(western burning bush)

Native to moist canyons, the uncommon western burning bush features small, burgundy flowers in the spring followed by dangling orangey-red fruits. The subtle appeal of this medium sized, deciduous shrub will please those native plant enthusiasts looking for a rare find. Reaches a height and width of about 8 ft. in most garden settings and is amenable to pruning. Plant in part shade to full shade. Enjoys moist situations but may become tolerant of drought in shadier locations. Needs good drainage.

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Eupatorium maculatum 'Gateway'

(Joe Pye weed)

This selection of the delightful East Coast native Joe Pye weed was chosen for its compact habit and large, billowy flower heads of purplish-pink. Stems are wine-red and grow 4 - 6 ft. tall and steadily increase to form broad drifts. Dies back in the winter but vigorously re-emerge in spring. The mid-summer flowers are favored by butterflies and bees, the seeds that follow are relished by gold finches. Best with regular to moderate water and full sun. Sweetly fragrant.
Euphorbia  'Limewall'
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Euphorbia 'Limewall'

A splendid hybrid euphorbia with narrow, blue-green leaves growing to about 1 ft. tall and 2 ft. wide. Each branch tip is topped with a head of chartreuse bracts over a long period, from spring into summer. Plant in sunny areas with good drainage and moderate to a little summer water. The flowers attract pollinators. Beware of milky sap which can be very irritating to skin and eyes. Deer resistant.

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Euphorbia characias 'Humpty Dumpty'

(Mediterranean spurge)

  A compact form of the species, growing into a rounded evergreen bush, 2-1/2 to 3 ft. tall and wide. Narrow, blue-green leaves line the rubbery upright branches. Large, round floral heads made up of bright, lime-green, showy bracts begin in the spring and persist into summer. The flowers are attractive to an array of pollinators. Easy to grow in sun to light shade, where they are fairly drought tolerant once established. The milky sap is a skin irritant and makes the plant deer resistant.  

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Euphorbia dulcis 'Chameleon'

(spurge)

Grown for its beautiful burgundy foliage, this perennial forms a mound 12-18 inches tall and wide. The small clusters of greenish - yellow flowers bloom in late spring to early summer and contrast nicely with the dark foliage. An interesting foliage effect for sun to light shade (especially in hot regions) and moderate water. This perennial will reseed in areas with available moisture. Attracts pollinators. Beware of the irritating milky sap which makes it deer resistant.
Euphorbia myrsinites  myrtle spurge
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Euphorbia myrsinites

(myrtle spurge)

Valued for its blue-gray, fleshy foliage along snake-like stems which grow 6-8 inches tall and 1 ft. wide. Clusters of chartreuse yellow flowers in early spring. Useful in raised beds or rock gardens in sun to light shade. Attracts pollinators. Tolerates heat, cold, drought and deer. Beware of milky sap which can be very irritating to skin and eyes, but does make it deer resistant.  

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