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Salvia sonomensis 'Hobbit Toes' Sonoma sage
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Salvia sonomensis 'Hobbit Toes'

(Sonoma sage)

An interesting selection of Sonoma sage from the Cuesta Grade in San Luis Obispo County.  A compact grower forming a flat mat of gray leaves covered with soft white hairs. The blue-violet flowers spikes are darker than many of our local forms and make a beautiful display in late spring, a favorite of bees and hummingbirds. This fragrant ground cover tolerates heat and drought and requires good drainage with only occasional to no summer watering once established. Will grow in a variety of exposures but often seems happiest with a bit of light shade. Deer resistant.
Salvia sonomensis 'John Farmar-Bowers' white-flowered Sonoma sage
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Salvia sonomensis 'John Farmar-Bowers'

(white-flowered Sonoma sage)

Thanks to Kent Calkins for sharing this unique form of sonoma sage he found growing on his property in the hills above Santa Rosa. Instead of the usual lavender-blue flowers, this plant has creamy white flowers on 6 inch stalks above the ground hugging mat of aromatic foliage. A wonderful native groundcover which requires good drainage and performs best with light shade. Water plants to get established - very drought tolerant, will NOT tolerate regular summer water. Deer resistant. Attracts bees and hummingbirds.
Salvia spathacea  hummingbird sage
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Salvia spathacea

(hummingbird sage)

A wonderful native sage, endemic to California where it is found at low elevations of the Coast Ranges from San Bruno Mountain in the north to Orange County in the south. Fragrant, fruity foliage spreads by creeping rhizomes to form handsome mats. Flower stems rise 2 - 3 ft. above the leaves carrying many large ball-like clusters of magenta flowers that the hummingbirds adore. Does best in cool sun or part shade in hot areas. Drought tolerant, but looks best with occasional summer water. This species attracts hummingbirds. Deer resistant.
Salvia spathacea 'Avis Keedy' yellow-flowered hummingbird sage
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Salvia spathacea 'Avis Keedy'

(yellow-flowered hummingbird sage)

An interesting yellow-flowered form of the normally magenta flowered hummingbird sage, introduced by the Santa Barbara Botanic Garden. Discovered in an oak woodland in Santa Barbara County, this cultivar has unusual lemon yellow petals that fade to creamy white and are backed by lime green bracts. Forms the usual fragrant, spreading mat of large leaves topped with three foot tall flower stalks with distinctive whorls of flowers in the spring. Best with part shade unless directly along the coast and an occasional summer watering to keep it going through the summer. Without summer water will go summer dormant reviving with the rains. A bee and hummingbird favorite. Deer resistant.
Salvia spathacea 'Las Pilitas' hummingbird sage
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Salvia spathacea 'Las Pilitas'

(hummingbird sage)

A very LOW form of the fragrant hummingbird sage, selected and introduced by Las Pilitas Nursery. Ground hugging foliage spreads to form handsome mats 3 - 6 ft. wide. Flower stems rise 18 inches above the foliage with ball-like clusters of magenta flowers which are bee and hummingbird favorites. Best with light shade and occasional summer water. Deer resistant.

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Salvia spathacea 'Powerline Pink'

(hummingbird sage)

This selection of the wonderful native hummingbird sage is notable for its size. It stands 3 ft. tall before it flowers, and its flowering stalks can add another 3 ft. to the height. Fragrant, fruity foliage spreads by creeping rhizomes to form handsome mats. The flower stems carry many large ball-like clusters of magenta flowers that the bees and hummingbirds love. Does best in cool sun or part shade in hot areas. Drought tolerant but looks best with occasional summer water. Deer resistant.
Salvia uliginosa  bog sage
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Salvia uliginosa

(bog sage)

Graceful tall perennial sage 4 ft. tall and spreading widely. Gorgeous azure blue flowers summer-fall. Sun and regular water to look its best. Cut to the ground in winter. Spade back to keep in bounds. Flowers are bee magnets, goldfinches relish the seeds.
Salvia x 'Dara's Choice' sage
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Salvia x 'Dara's Choice'

(sage)

Selected by Santa Barbara Botanic Garden, this native hybrid sage forms a dense, dark green, mounding groundcover 1.5 ft. tall by 3 – 4 ft. wide. The aromatic foliage is topped with wands of soft lavender-blue flowers on small whorls in the late spring to early summer. In hotter climates, light or part shade is preferred, where it will be quite drought tolerant once established. A more refined native sage which combines well with iris, California fuchsia and grasses. Adored by bees and hummingbirds but not eaten by deer. 
Sambucus mexicana (nigra ssp. caerulea)  blue elderberry, Mexican elderberry
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Sambucus mexicana (nigra ssp. caerulea)

(blue elderberry, Mexican elderberry)

Our native blue elderberry often seen on banks above rivers and streams. Fast growing deciduous shrub or small tree 8 to 25 ft. tall. Creamy yellow flowers in flat topped clusters followed by blue berries. High on the birds’ favorite list! Ripe berries feed many species of birds. Moderate summer water.
Sambucus nigra 'Black Beauty' elderberry
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Sambucus nigra 'Black Beauty'

(elderberry)

Sensational new elderberry with deep burgundy, nearly black foliage. Loads of pink flower clusters in early summer contrast beautifully with the awesome deep colored foliage. A striking addition, easily reaching 8 by 8 ft., but is amenable to annual pruning. Plant in sun to light shade with moderate to occasional summer water. Berries attract birds.
Sambucus nigra 'Black Lace' cut-leaf black elderberry
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Sambucus nigra 'Black Lace'

(cut-leaf black elderberry)

Intense purple-black, finely cut foliage adorn this beautiful and easy to grow shrub. Growing 8 ft. by 8 ft. in full sun to light shade with regular to moderate water.  A great landscape shrub, striking specimen, screen or border plant as well as a good container subject. Summer brings soft-pink flowers in flat topped sprays that contrast beautifully with the gorgeous foliage. The clusters of small purple fruits that follow are attractive to birds. Amenable to artistic pruning or annual shearing to keep in scale, best done after bloom so not to lose next years flowers.
Sambucus nigra 'Laciniata' cut leaf elderberry
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Sambucus nigra 'Laciniata'

(cut leaf elderberry)

A beautiful cut leaf elderberry. Graceful, airy and finely dissected deep green foliage. Large flat topped sprays of white flowers become black shiny berries. Will grow easily to 10 ft. or more. Prune to desired height. Plant in sun to light shade with moderate to occasional watering. Flowers enjoyed by pollinators, berries relished by birds.
Sambucus nigra 'Marginata' variegated elderberry
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Sambucus nigra 'Marginata'

(variegated elderberry)

This variegated elderberry is an easy, willing grower, and can really light up the garden. Grows fast to 6 to 12 ft. tall and wide. Creamy white lacy flowers followed by blue-black berries which are attractive to birds. Grows in cool full sun to light shade. Has done well in fairly deep shade too.
Sambucus racemosa  red elderberry
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Sambucus racemosa

(red elderberry)

Red elderberry is native to moist areas along the coast. Shrub or small tree 6 - 18 ft. tall. Bright green foliage and pretty white flowers in pyramidal clusters followed by bright red berries. The fruits are relished by birds but are reputed to be POISONOUS to humans. Cool sun, light shade and moisture. High on the birds’ favorite list! Ripe berries feed many species of birds.
Sambucus racemosa 'Alamere Lavender' red elderberry
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Sambucus racemosa 'Alamere Lavender'

(red elderberry)

Plant description coming soon.
Satureja (Clinopodium) douglasii  yerba buena
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Satureja (Clinopodium) douglasii

(yerba buena)

Wonderfully fragrant native perennial with trailing stems about 6 inches tall and spreading. Roundish, scallop-edged, deliciously minty leaves have a long history of herbal uses. Tiny white flowers are borne in axils of leaves in the spring. A sweet small scale groundcover for the woodland garden with light shade and moderate to a little summer water.
Satureja (Clinopodium) mimuloides  monkeyflower savory
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Satureja (Clinopodium) mimuloides

(monkeyflower savory)

Native to creeksides in the mountains of southern California, this clump forming perennial is rarely seen in cultivation. Growing 2 - 3 ft. tall and wide with soft, fragrant foliage. Orangy-red tubular flowers bloom late spring to early summer and are hummingbird favorites. Plant in sun to light shade with regular moisture.
Scirpus acutus  common tule, giant bulrush
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Scirpus acutus

(common tule, giant bulrush)

Also called giant bulrush, this large bold plant can form massive colonies on the edges of wet areas. Native to freshwater marshes, lakes and stream banks throughout lower elevations in California and much of North America. Vertical, thick, round, leafless stems grow 12 to 15 ft. tall and spread underground. In large landscapes it can be used as a pond or riparian plant where it will form dense thickets. Can be grown in containers for smaller gardens, set just below water level for a dramatic vertical accent. Plant in full sun with regular water. Provides good habitat for wildlife.
Scrophularia californica  beeplant or figwort
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Scrophularia californica

(beeplant or figwort)

Native to open places of the coastal scrub and woodlands where it can form large colonies in moist areas. Grows 2 to 3 1/2 ft. tall and wide in cool full sun to light shade. Pretty purplish-red new growth matures to deep green. The flower spikes carry many small open-mouthed maroon-red flowers followed by attractive seed stalks which are nice in dried flower arrangements. This prolific nectar producer attracts all sorts of pollinators including bees and hummingbirds. Larval food source for the Chalcedon Checkerspot and Common Buckeye butterfly. Birds relish seeds.
Scrophularia californica green-flowered form green-flowered beeplant or figwort
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Scrophularia californica green-flowered form

(green-flowered beeplant or figwort)

An interesting color form of the normally maroon flowered figwort. Seed was collected from a site in northern Santa Cruz county that has wonderful yellow-green flowers. The open-mouthed flowers are small but profuse. Native to open places of the coastal scrub and woodland where it can form large colonies in moist areas. Grows 2 to 3 1/2 ft. tall and wide in cool full sun to light shade. Larval food source for the common checkerspot butterfly.
Scutellaria  'Violet Cloud' skullcap
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Scutellaria 'Violet Cloud'

(skullcap)

Plant description coming soon.
Scutellaria californica  California skullcap
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Scutellaria californica

(California skullcap)

A charming perennial native to gravelly soils of low and mid elevation mountains of Northern California where it grows on the edge of woodlands and chaparral communities. Leaves are arranged oppositely on erect stems less than one foot tall. The very sweet, small, creamy-white snapdragon-like flowers occur in pairs at the leaf axils. Spreads by underground rootstocks to form colonies. In our nutritious water retentive soils has spread quite vigorously, in dryer leaner soils less so. Plant in full sun to light shade. Drought tolerant but would appreciate a little summer water.
Scutellaria suffrutescens  pink Texas skullcap
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Scutellaria suffrutescens

(pink Texas skullcap)

Sturdy, compact, long blooming perennial growing less than 6 inches tall by 15 inches wide. Deep green foliage and dense growth habit make a tidy foil for the profusion of small rosy- pink snapdragon-like flowers over a long period spring-summer. Highly attractive to pollinators and hummingbirds. Plant in full sun to light shade with occasional water.  Drought and heat tolerant. Deer tolerant too.
Sedum  'Gold Thread' sedum
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Sedum 'Gold Thread'

(sedum)

What a gem! Found at a Cactus and Succulent Show and Sale at the Huntington Botanic Garden last year, this bright golden sedum is tiny and charming. So far the plants have remained compact, very slowly spreading, and able to tolerate a wide range of conditions. Has stayed under 2 inches tall and 8 inches wide. Seems to tolerate moisture, and drought tolerant as well. Golden in bright shade, burns in too much sun. Evergreen in winter, hardy so far. Best in well drained soil. A treasure for rock gardens, succulent bowls, in between pavers, en masse on an edge.
Sedum  'Lime Twister' stonecrop
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Sedum 'Lime Twister'

(stonecrop)

From the Sunsparkler Sedum hybrid program, this Sedum offers variegated cream and green foliage, growing 4 – 6 inches tall and 12 – 18 inches wide. The compact mounds spread slowly and are topped with bright pink flowers in late summer. Useful small scale groundcover for the front of the border, rock gardens, or containers. Good drainage and a little shade is best with moderate watering. Bees and butterflies are attracted to its flowers.

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